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6

This law applies only when we dwell in Eretz Yisrael (end of Chinuch 532). Since at that time they didn't live in Israel, the law of yefas toar was not in effect. Postscript: I found this answer in Sifsei Chachamim to Rashi, Bemidbar 31:50, as well as another answer: That a yefas toar is only permissible in a milchemes reshus, but this was a milchemes ...


5

Summary: The Gemara says that a zealot may kill various sinners including one who has relations with a non-Jewess. The sinner may defend himself. But the Rosh writes that bystanders may not kill the zealot and would be considered murderers if they do. The Mishna in Sanhedrin (9:6) writes that there are three sins for which zealots kill the offender: ...


4

This is a good article, and it brings sources that Pinchas of these parashiyos is the same as the Pinchas of Shoftim.


4

Most opinions hold that the Kares applies only to a Jewish man who has relations with a non-Jewish woman (see Shulchan Aruch Even HaEzer 16), however, there is one minority opinion that it even applies to a Jewish woman who has relations with a non-Jewish man and that is the opinion of Rabbeinu Avrohom HaGadol (quoted by the Shiltei HaGiborim to the Hagahos ...


3

You may be interested in the Mishna Sanhedrin 9:6 (English): הגונב את הקסווה, והמקלל בקוסם, והבועל ארמית--קנאין פוגעין בהן. כוהן ששימש בטומאה--אין אחיו הכוהנים מביאין אותו לבית דין, אלא פרחי כהונה מוציאין אותו חוץ לעזרה, ומוציאין את מוחו בגזרין.‏ If one stole a service-vessel, or cursed [the Name of God] by enchantment, or had sexual connexion ...


1

Shadal, in his commentary to 25:6, understands the story as follows: ויקרב אל אחיו את המדינית – להתפאר בה ולהראות להם מי האשה אשר מצא לו, שהיא בת נשיא מדין, ואחר שהקריבה לפני אחיו חזר עמה לאחוריו אל הקבה להשתעשע עמה. והנה הקֻבה היתה של האשה המדינית, וזה טעם ואת האשה אל קבתה (לדעתי ונגד הטעמים); וספר הכתוב זה להגיד שבחו של פינחס שלא נתירא מבוא בין המדינים ...


1

In short, it seems to be a machloket, but most mefarshim who address this issue hold that a kohen cannot become tamei for kanna'im pog'in bo: The Rosh (Peirush ha-Rosh al ha-Torah, Parshat Pinchas) asks this question--how could Pinchas make himself tamei if he was a kohen--and gives 2 answers: Either Pinchas wasn't yet a kohen, or he didn't become tamei, ...



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