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16

Yovel is not practiced nowadays, because it applies only when most of the Jewish People live in the Land of Israel, each in their designated tribal territories (Rambam, Hil. Shemittah Veyovel 10:8). When it is in effect, there is a halachic dispute as to whether it breaks up the cycles of shemittah years (i.e., you have 7 shemittah cycles totaling 49 years, ...


4

It's actually not so much because of practicality, but because the prerequisites for Yovel are that all Jews are living in the land of Israel, and each tribe in their designated territory. (So even if all of the land were under Jewish control, there's still the fact that almost no one knows what tribe they're from. See the discussion in the comments here.) ...


3

Since the Jewish year begins on 1 Tishrei and ends on 29 Elul, your question is essentially to translate 1 Tishrei and 29 Elul of every Shmita year into Gregorian. The Shmita years are those divisible by 7. Since 1900 these years have been: 5663, 5670, 5677, 5684, 5691, 5698, 5705, 5712, 5719, 5726, 5733, 5740, 5747, 5754, 5761, 5768, and 5775 (which began ...


3

This Mitzva applies to Beit Din (Sifra to your verse; cf. Menachot 65b), and the year would begin on 1 Tishrei (RH 1:1). The Sifra clarifies that they would count both the total years of Yovel and the years of the current Shmita. So (as the Chinukh 330 explains it) it would be just like counting the Omer: "This year is 33 years which is 4 Shmittot and 5 ...


2

Rambam Hilchos shmitta Halacha 8 (below) says that Yovel is not in effect unless all twelve tribes are on their land. That is why we stopped the yovel once the tribes of Reuven, Gad, and the part of Menashe that lived on the eastern side of the Jorden were sent into exile. There are those that say that the Shmitta is rabbinic only as a result of this. That ...


2

Rambam Maaser Sheni 9:7 (based on Mishna Maaser Sheni 5:1): מי שהיה לו נטע רבעי בשנת השמיטה, שיד הכול שווה--צריך לציינו בקוזזות אדמה, כדי שיכירו בו, ולא יאכלו ממנו, עד שיפדו. ואם היה בתוך שני עורלה--מציינין אותו בחרסית, כדי שיפרשו ממנו: שאם ציינו בקוזזות אדמה שמא יתפרדו--שאיסור עורלה חמור הוא, שהיא אסורה בהניה. והצנועין היו מניחין את המעות בשנת השמיטה ...



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