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13

The walls of the sukkah can be constructed anytime you want; you can even leave them up all year, if you're so inclined. (There are even people who have retractable roofs on their houses, so that their sukkah is their dining room or bedrooms or whatever.) The sechach (plant material used for the roof of the sukkah) is a different story. You can put it up ...


11

I was a little boy at home when my father Yigal Calek ny"v composed Mareh Cohen - there's a very interesting 'composer's inspiration' story to go with it too... Anyway, so yes, pretty much "at the source" ;)


11

The Mazal Sha'ah on the Rambam infers that the shi'ur l'chayyev for anointing with t'rumah oil is a k'zayis, based on R' Yehudah's opinion in the gemara (K'risus 6b) who holds that a person is liable for a k'zayis of prohibited anointing with the shemen hamishchah (Commentary to Mishneh Torah, Hil. T'rumos 10:2). (One should note that it is still Biblically ...


10

Taz (Orach Chaim 618:10) and Magen Avraham (618:10) cite variant opinions as to whether Yaaleh Veyavo needs to be recited (and also Retzeh, if Yom Kippur falls on Shabbos). According to the Taz neither one should be said, while according to Magen Avraham it is better to add them. Pri Megadim (Eshel Avraham 618:10) adds that in any case, if one did omit ...


10

R' Joseph B. Soloveitchik's understanding of Ne'ila, which I saw in the Machzor Mesoras Harav, is that it's a uniquely dependent prayer whose purpose is to ask God to accept all the other prayers we've engaged in over Yom Kippur. He was confident enough in this understanding that he proposed a practical Halachic outcome: If someone happened to miss all four ...


10

I believe it's to encourage people to actually do it. That's the simplest take-home lesson from the Davening.


10

Please see "The Segal Guide to Fasting For Yom Kippur (from a Medical Perspective)," written by a physician. The very first point he deals with is the thirst issue you raised. Hope you have a successful and meaningful fast this year!


9

Check the prayers found in most Machzors before Kol Nidrei; here it is from this one (conjugated in the plural, but I'm used to seeing it in the singular; emphasis added): I hereby absolutely forgive anyone who has harmed me, other than money I can still claim by law, or those who harm me figuring that I'll forgive them. Other than those, I completely ...


9

You are right as to the reason why we don't have two days of Yom Kippur is because it is dangerous and we don't decree on people decrees that they can't handle. As to the other two, see 9 Days of Chanukah?


9

After a bit more searching, it looks like Yigal Calek of the London School of Jewish Song may be the original composer as late as 1971.


9

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (131:1) states: ואל יחשוב האדם שזוהי כפרתו ממש, אלא יחשב כי כל מה שעושין בעוף הזה, היה ראוי לבוא עליו בעונותיו. ויתאונן על חטאיו, והקדוש-ברוך-הוא ברחמיו יקבל תשובתו. A person should not think, however, that this ceremony itself actually atones for him. On the contrary, [he should look at the ceremony as symbolic in nature, ...


8

Rabbi Elyashiv ZY"A said that the wearing of Crocs on Yom Kippur is forbidden because they are indeed too comfortable. (Source)


8

See this article from Rabbi Brody. Basically there are two opinions about yom kippur shoes. One is that anything non-leather is fine. The other is that they should also be not-too-cushiony. While the former seems to be common practice, the latter is cited as a good practice by many poskim. So there are three possibilities about crocs: They are ...


8

This may not exactly answer your question, but Sharei Teshuva (as well as Rambam) brings 24 categories that impede teshuva: One who frequently spreads Rechilus (slanderer) One who regularly speaks Lashon Hara (Gossiper) One who gets angry quickly One whose bad (impure) thoughts control him Being connected to a rasha (evildoer) Taking from food that isn't ...


8

From a personal perspective, I have found that the easiest fasts I have had, came when Yom Kippur was on a Monday, and Sunday morning I did a 3-4 hour run (training for a fall marathon). My theory is that knowing how dumb an idea it is to do a 3-4 hour run, mere hours before a 25 hour fast, I try to compensate by drinking the rest of the day, every 10-20 ...


8

The Magen Avraham gives two reasons: The Lvush says the reason is because Avinu Malkeinu is parallel to the middle blessings, which we don't say on Shabbos. The Magen Avrahom says this reason doesn't explain not saying Avinu Malkeinu Friday afternoon though. Because we are not allowed to ask for material needs on Shabbos. The Shaar Hakolel writes that ...


8

This custom is mentioned in the Shulchan Aruch (OC 610:1). It is supposed to serve as a reminder to avoid marital relations on Yom Kippur. It is common to allow at least some light into the bedroom: see "The Laws of Lighting Candles for Yom Kippur" by R' Yosef Zimbal.


8

The Mishna Brurah 610:16 says women customarily wear white and clean clothes. Not sure what people do today.


8

This is discussed in the Talmud (Shabbat 114) and the Rambam rules (Shabbat 5:21) that no Havdallah is recited after Shabbat when Yom Kippur falls on Sunday.


7

As far as I know (there may be variant customs): In Aleinu: kneel at כורעים, prostrate (head and hands to the ground, while still kneeling - essentially, a fetal position) at ומשתחוים, stay that way until הקדוש ברוך הוא, and then get up. In the Avodah: kneel at כורעים, prostrate at ומשתחוים, and stay that way until לעולם ועד. [In all cases, if it's a ...


7

Nitey Gavriel (Yom Kippur Perek 20 Sif 19) writes that many have the custom not to whip on Erev Yom Kippur. He cites as a source Kaf HaChaim (O.C. 607:40) who claims that Erev Yom Kippur is considered a Yom Tov and we do not give lashes on Yom Tov. The Nitey Gavriel notes that this is the prevelant custom in Zitshov, Tshernobil, Gur and Amshinov.


7

Rambam, Hil. Avodas Yom Hakippurim 1:3 (from Yoma 12a-b): זה שנכנס תחתיו אינו צריך חינוך אלא עבודתו מחנכתו "The one who replaces him doesn't need any inauguration; his performing the avodah [of Yom Kippur, which is reserved for the kohen gadol] inaugurates him." So he doesn't need anointing at that time (and not after Yom Kippur either, because as ...


6

Rambam writes in his preface to his Commentary on the Mishnah that one who rejects "minhagei Yisrael" - customs that are considered valid and universal in Torah Judaism, on him the verse is applied "One who knocks down a fence will be bit by a snake." (Definitely something bad!) That being said, the custom to dip in the mikvah on erev Yom HaKippurim is ...


6

The Artscroll machzor says it's because we get no "extra soul" on Yom Kipur as we do on Shabas, so one doesn't need to b'samim to "assuage oneself" (their words) for the extra soul's loss when it leaves.


6

The Heikhalot texts have the Roman ruler decreeing that all gedolei Israel had to die for the infraction, and heaven decreeing that it would only be ten, and not all in a single generation as a mercy to Israel.


6

If you normally skip something which the Congregation says, either you should not be the Chazan or if you are the Chazan "Al Tifrosh Min HaZibur".


6

According to Halacha (Orthodox Jewish Law) you may build the Sukkah from 30 days prior to the Yom Tov. If it was made more than 30 days before the holiday, and you do not have in mind that it is being made for Succos, all you got to do is remove some Sechach and replace it and have in mind that it is for Succos and then it is Kosher. If it was put up anytime ...


6

Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim 610:4) mentions it only for Yom Kippur, as part of the minhag to wear white so as to resemble the angels. That reason indeed only applies on Yom Kippur, when we also are like the angels in not eating and drinking, standing during much of the services, saying Baruch Shem out loud, etc. Those who wear it on Rosh Hashanah too do so ...


6

Mishna B'rura 622:5 (in my own free translation) explains the Rama's ruling that it's not said with the following explanation: That's because on Shabas it's said to complete the discrepancy of 100 b'rachos, which is not necessary on Yom Kipur due to the plethora of praises we say. The make-up of the k'tores also needn't be said, as it's included in the ...



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