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14

See this article from Rabbi Brody. Basically there are two opinions about yom kippur shoes. One is that anything non-leather is fine. The other is that they should also be not-too-cushiony. While the former seems to be common practice, the latter is cited as a good practice by many poskim. So there are three possibilities about crocs: They are ...


14

The walls of the sukkah can be constructed anytime you want; you can even leave them up all year, if you're so inclined. (There are even people who have retractable roofs on their houses, so that their sukkah is their dining room or bedrooms or whatever.) The sechach (plant material used for the roof of the sukkah) is a different story. You can put it up ...


12

Rabbi Elyashiv ZY"A said that the wearing of Crocs on Yom Kippur is "permissible legalistically, but it is inadvisable," because they are too comfortable. (Source)


12

R' Joseph B. Soloveitchik's understanding of Ne'ila, which I saw in the Machzor Mesoras Harav, is that it's a uniquely dependent prayer whose purpose is to ask God to accept all the other prayers we've engaged in over Yom Kippur. He was confident enough in this understanding that he proposed a practical Halachic outcome: If someone happened to miss all four ...


12

I was a little boy at home when my father Yigal Calek ny"v composed Mareh Cohen - there's a very interesting 'composer's inspiration' story to go with it too... Anyway, so yes, pretty much "at the source" ;)


11

Please see "The Segal Guide to Fasting For Yom Kippur (from a Medical Perspective)," written by a physician. The very first point he deals with is the thirst issue you raised. Hope you have a successful and meaningful fast this year!


11

The Mazal Sha'ah on the Rambam infers that the shi'ur l'chayyev for anointing with t'rumah oil is a k'zayis, based on R' Yehudah's opinion in the gemara (K'risus 6b) who holds that a person is liable for a k'zayis of prohibited anointing with the shemen hamishchah (Commentary to Mishneh Torah, Hil. T'rumos 10:2). (One should note that it is still Biblically ...


10

Taz (Orach Chaim 618:10) and Magen Avraham (618:10) cite variant opinions as to whether Yaaleh Veyavo needs to be recited (and also Retzeh, if Yom Kippur falls on Shabbos). According to the Taz neither one should be said, while according to Magen Avraham it is better to add them. Pri Megadim (Eshel Avraham 618:10) adds that in any case, if one did omit ...


10

I believe it's to encourage people to actually do it. That's the simplest take-home lesson from the Davening.


10

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (131:1) states: ואל יחשוב האדם שזוהי כפרתו ממש, אלא יחשב כי כל מה שעושין בעוף הזה, היה ראוי לבוא עליו בעונותיו. ויתאונן על חטאיו, והקדוש-ברוך-הוא ברחמיו יקבל תשובתו. A person should not think, however, that this ceremony itself actually atones for him. On the contrary, [he should look at the ceremony as symbolic in nature, ...


10

The Mishna Brurah 610:16 says women customarily wear white and clean clothes. Not sure what people do today.


9

Check the prayers found in most Machzors before Kol Nidrei; here it is from this one (conjugated in the plural, but I'm used to seeing it in the singular; emphasis added): I hereby absolutely forgive anyone who has harmed me, other than money I can still claim by law, or those who harm me figuring that I'll forgive them. Other than those, I completely ...


9

You are right as to the reason why we don't have two days of Yom Kippur is because it is dangerous and we don't decree on people decrees that they can't handle. As to the other two, see 9 Days of Chanukah?


9

From a personal perspective, I have found that the easiest fasts I have had, came when Yom Kippur was on a Monday, and Sunday morning I did a 3-4 hour run (training for a fall marathon). My theory is that knowing how dumb an idea it is to do a 3-4 hour run, mere hours before a 25 hour fast, I try to compensate by drinking the rest of the day, every 10-20 ...


9

After a bit more searching, it looks like Yigal Calek of the London School of Jewish Song may be the original composer as late as 1971.


8

As far as I know (there may be variant customs): In Aleinu: kneel at כורעים, prostrate (head and hands to the ground, while still kneeling - essentially, a fetal position) at ומשתחוים, stay that way until הקדוש ברוך הוא, and then get up. In the Avodah: kneel at כורעים, prostrate at ומשתחוים, and stay that way until לעולם ועד. [In all cases, if it's a ...


8

This may not exactly answer your question, but Sharei Teshuva (as well as Rambam) brings 24 categories that impede teshuva: One who frequently spreads Rechilus (slanderer) One who regularly speaks Lashon Hara (Gossiper) One who gets angry quickly One whose bad (impure) thoughts control him Being connected to a rasha (evildoer) Taking from food that isn't ...


8

The Magen Avraham gives two reasons: The Lvush says the reason is because Avinu Malkeinu is parallel to the middle blessings, which we don't say on Shabbos. The Magen Avrahom says this reason doesn't explain not saying Avinu Malkeinu Friday afternoon though. Because we are not allowed to ask for material needs on Shabbos. The Shaar Hakolel writes that ...


8

This custom is mentioned in the Shulchan Aruch (OC 610:1). It is supposed to serve as a reminder to avoid marital relations on Yom Kippur. It is common to allow at least some light into the bedroom: see "The Laws of Lighting Candles for Yom Kippur" by R' Yosef Zimbal.


8

Rambam, Hil. Avodas Yom Hakippurim 1:3 (from Yoma 12a-b): זה שנכנס תחתיו אינו צריך חינוך אלא עבודתו מחנכתו "The one who replaces him doesn't need any inauguration; his performing the avodah [of Yom Kippur, which is reserved for the kohen gadol] inaugurates him." So he doesn't need anointing at that time (and not after Yom Kippur either, because as ...


8

This is discussed in the Talmud (Shabbat 114) and the Rambam rules (Shabbat 5:21) that no Havdallah is recited after Shabbat when Yom Kippur falls on Sunday.


8

Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 16:9 says the Minhag is to eat round Challas dipped in honey. 16:10:15 brings in the name of the Magen Avraham 608:7 to eat fish and fowl. (some eat the Kapara chicken at this meal). In the name of Rabbi Shalom Ber of Lubavitch Zatzal, not to eat salt. Also to eat Kreplach (meat dumplings). 16:14 Not to eat things that increase ...


7

Nitey Gavriel (Yom Kippur Perek 20 Sif 19) writes that many have the custom not to whip on Erev Yom Kippur. He cites as a source Kaf HaChaim (O.C. 607:40) who claims that Erev Yom Kippur is considered a Yom Tov and we do not give lashes on Yom Tov. The Nitey Gavriel notes that this is the prevelant custom in Zitshov, Tshernobil, Gur and Amshinov.


7

Try Mishnayos Yoma. These mishnayos discuss the Temple Service for the day of Yom Kippur, and are traditionally printed in Yom Kippur machzorim (prayer books) after Maariv prayers of the night of Yom Kippur. I would also recommend spending some time looking at the prayers for the next day -- they are long and unfamiliar, and reading them with an English ...


6

The Artscroll machzor says it's because we get no "extra soul" on Yom Kipur as we do on Shabas, so one doesn't need to b'samim to "assuage oneself" (their words) for the extra soul's loss when it leaves.


6

The Heikhalot texts have the Roman ruler decreeing that all gedolei Israel had to die for the infraction, and heaven decreeing that it would only be ten, and not all in a single generation as a mercy to Israel.


6

If you normally skip something which the Congregation says, either you should not be the Chazan or if you are the Chazan "Al Tifrosh Min HaZibur".


6

Rambam writes in his preface to his Commentary on the Mishnah that one who rejects "minhagei Yisrael" - customs that are considered valid and universal in Torah Judaism, on him the verse is applied "One who knocks down a fence will be bit by a snake." (Definitely something bad!) That being said, the custom to dip in the mikvah on erev Yom HaKippurim is ...


6

Rav Ovadia Yosef has a teshuva (Yabia Omer OC 7:54) on the former question (making up for a missed N'ila) dated 11 Tishrei 5748. He quotes Tosfot (Brachot 26a sv Iba'y) who gives two reasons that there is no tashlumin for a missed Musaf: because you can't say the verses related to the korbanot on the wrong day, and because Musaf was only established to take ...



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