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I will establish based on hebrew grammar from Jacob Wiengreen


The Malbin always explains that שָׂשׂוֹן is the external manifestation of happiness, and שִׂמְחָה is feeling happy. See, for example, the Malbim on ישעיה Posuk 22:13 וְהִנֵּה שָׂשׂוֹן וְשִׂמְחָה הָרֹג בָּקָר וְשָׁחֹט צֹאן אָכֹל בָּשָׂר וְשָׁתוֹת יָיִן אָכוֹל וְשָׁתוֹ כִּי מָחָר נָמוּת: שמחה היא שמחת הלב הפנימית, וששון היא המחול והריקוד והמשתה אשר יעשו ...


I believe it is the Gra who explains that Sasson refers to open, outer joy while Simcha refers to inner joy. You can explain the Pasuk as prioritizing one over the other, or suggesting which led to the other.

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