New answers tagged women
Categorically there was no exemption for "women." There were exemptions for "pregnant, nursing, and shortly-after-birth." It seems in some communities women were in one of these categories so often that people just gathered that they were exempt altogether.
Note 10 in Rav Eliezer Melamed's article on the "lighter fasts" states as follows: וכיום ההוראה הרווחת לנשים אשכנזיות שלא לצום. ועיין בפסקי תשובות תקנ, א, שהביא דעות מופלגות להיתר, שכל הנשים הראויות לילד פטורות מהצום, כדי שיהיה להן כוח לילד. ויש אמרו שתפדה את הצום בצדקה. ע"כ. ואין נוהגים להורות כמותם, אבל במקום ספק אפשר לצרף את דבריהם להיתר. ...
There is an exemption not only for a meineket (a nursing mother), but also for a yoledet (a woman who had given birth). They were never included in the minor fasts to begin with. There are plenty of women who go through many years of their lives either pregnant or nursing. Furthermore, many rabbis are of the opinion that for 2 (e.g. Rabbi Mordechai Willig) ...
Hagar raised Yishma'el alone after the two were exiled from Abrtaham's house (You didn't indicate that you were seeking only "Jewish" sources). Naomi raised Machlon and Kilion after Elimelech died
Chiram, the craftsman who designed much of the first Beis Hamikdash, was the son of a widow (1 Melachim 7:14). The woman from Tzorfas who hosted Eliyahu was a widow with a son (1 Melachim 17:9-24), and there's a Midrash (don't remember the location) that he grew up to be the prophet Yona Also the "wife of one of the disciples of the prophets" (2 Melachim ...
Chana and her seven sons in the Chanuka story
It may be worth investigating Tzipora, the wife of Moshe Rabbeinu. She raised their sons without him between the time that he returned to Egypt at God's command and when Yitro brought her and the boys to join the Israelites in the desert (Exodus 18:1-4), which was either after the Exodus or after the Assembly at Sinai when the Torah was given. So, she ...
I understand by raising children you mean to teach them mitzvot Yes there is in the Talmud a queen ( Queen Helena in Lydda) that taught (rose) her sons to sit in a suka See suka 2b If you will answer [with regard to her seven sons] that her sons were minors and minors are free from [the obligation of] the sukkah, since [however] she had seven, ...
Saifer Hasidim 1120 brings that you can not say shehasimha bmoinoi if woman are sitting with men
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