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19

Apparently, Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach says that the three steps are an integral part of Shemoneh Esrei, and should be done whenever at all possible; to the extent that one should move his wheelchair the space of three steps, or ask someone to do it for him if he is unable. Interestingly, he says the same applies to a car! Source: Halichas Shlomo 8:31 ...


10

The Rabbinical Council of America actually called for its rabbis to: "Purchase the most fuel-efficient vehicles in the class of car they wish to drive" And that rabbis should encourage congregants to do the same. But I think "prohibited to drive anything non-hybrid" is a strong word. While most (all?) of us would agree that consuming less gasoline is ...


10

According to the Ben Ish Chai, one can ride a bicycle on Shabbos inside an eiruv for leisure. Outside of an eruv, a mitzvah purpose might be needed, which includes attending shul to daven with a minyan, and certainly would include performing a bris. So according to the Ben Ish Chai, the answer is yes.


8

Harav Shneur Zalman Farkash, a Mashpia in the Chabad Yeshiva Gedola of Buenos Aires, wrote in Haoros.com there was no Halachic reason to stop the boat. The main reason was in order to say Kiddush Levana with Yishuv Hadaas.


8

Malbim explains that ספינה (related to ספון, "concealed") is the lowest room of a ship (whereas אניה is the entire ship). Verse 5 is stressing that Yona descended to the lowest room so that he drown there. Were he higher in the ship, he reasoned, he may be thrown overboard and tossed on the waves until he reached land and survive.


7

I do not see why it would be not permissible to use it. No one has a problem using electricity during the week, which the electric company is operating on Shabbos too. No one has a problem using the telephone during the week, which the phone company is operating on Shabbos. The only possible reason that some people might have not to use it during the week, ...


7

Maybe it would be similar to the case of an uncancelled stamp? This page cites R. Menashe Klein zt"l as ruling that you can't reuse the stamp in that case, because of dina d'malchusa. (There is also the famous story of the Chofetz Chaim ripping up stamps when he had letters delivered by courier rather than the postal system, so as not to deprive the ...


7

Rabbi Yair Chayim Bachrach (Chavos Yair Responsum 115), while rabbi of Koblenz in the mid-17th Century, was asked about a certain wealthy individual who lived on the other side of the Rhine as the main Jewish community. This individual, whose name is given as "Berman", wanted to come to synagogue on Shabbat and Holidays. During the summer, there were large ...


7

They are synonyms. The latter is used per the GR"A (R' Elijah ben Shlomo Zalman Kremer, also known as the Vilna Gaon) to be a hint (remez) to the ego (the אני) - according to his exegesis, the entire story is an allegory for the journey of the soul in this world, and the אניה represents the body.


6

In theory it should work with the following qualifications: 1- Your car roof width from the far inner door to the schach area is 4 amos or less (for dofen akuma) 2- Your car doors are less than 3 tefachim off the ground (for mechitza- gediim bok'im) Like you mentioned, you need the second door for the third wall, just resting it on the roof won't help. ...


6

Ships are used for slaves and goods. It is dangerous to go on a ship, and they have a negative connotation.


6

The Chasam Sofer answers and says it is in contradistinction to leaving Egypt when Hashem split the Sea for the Jews.


6

Moses tells the people who are about to get busy building the Tabernacle (sort of a travelling Temple in the desert) that they need to pause all their construction activities on the Sabbath, and mentions for instance not to burn things. Our Oral Tradition (recorded in the Talmud, tractate Shabbat, see especially Chapter 7) has a list of 39 categories of ...


6

In “Mourning in Halachah”, Rabbi C B Goldberg, ArtScroll, 1991, p82, it says “If a family member is accompanying the deceased on a ship airplane or auto” and goes on to deal with the laws on aninus in this case. The same Halachah is brought in the original Hebrew sefer para 61. It seems to follow that according to Rav Goldberg, there is nothing wrong with ...


5

Aruch Hashulchan (CM 410:26) speculates the reason why the ditch-digger is not responsible for kelim as follows: Kelim, in general, do not move unless a person or an animal is moving them. We expect a person to be paying enough attention where he is walking not to fall into the ditch, especially when he is carrying stuff (which is why the digger is also not ...


5

From looking at a couple of them around my neighborhood, they all seem to use some kind of bamboo mats. Some (maybe most) of them take off the sechach while they're driving, and put it on when they reach their destination; others seem to keep it anchored in place through judicious use of 2x4s (with notches carved in them so they'll stay atop the walls). And ...


5

Ribis is not on an Item that you are going to to return the very same item itself, so essential Ribis is only on Loans of money or things of Monetary value, not of items where you return the actual item itself. To illustrate for example borrowing eggs(this is Monetary Value) and returning more eggs since there you are lending the value of the item not the ...


5

I too must echo YS that this must be discussed with one's own halachic authority if it is a practical concern (as my teacher instructed us when teaching this topic). Rav Moshe Feinstein zt'l ruled that one may return in order that one is able to assist the next time (I have not studied this inside but a quick glance and the secondary literature would seem ...


5

This is similar to the topic discussed here. Generally, we say zachin l'adam shelo b'fanav, that you may acquire something for someone else if it is for his own benefit (even without his knowledge), except when your acquisition is at a third party's expense. However, in the case of acquiring a lost object on another's behalf, the gemara (Bava Metzia 10b) ...


5

The Gemara in Eruvin 43b discusses how R. Gamliel was able to measure the distance. The Gemara says that R. Gamliel had a hollow tube with which he was able to look and sight a distance of 2000 Amos. Per Rashi a long hollow tube narrows and shortens the viewer's range. The length of the tube can be calibrated to yield a maximum sighting distance of 2000 ...


5

The source is Megila 29. תניא ר"א הקפר אומר עתידין בתי כנסיות ובתי מדרשות שבבבל שיקבעו בא"י שנאמר כי כתבור בהרים וככרמל בים יבוא, והלא דברים ק"ו ומה תבור וכרמל שלא באו אלא לפי שעה ללמוד תורה נקבעים בארץ ישראל, בתי כנסיות ובתי מדרשות שקורין ומרביצין בהן תורה עאכו"כ


5

Rabbi Benjamin Yasgur quotes Nechama Leibowitz, who said that Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach ruled that yes, you are allowed to give him directions, for two reasons: If you don't answer, the driver might commit additional violations if they choose the wrong way. Not answering might create animosity (איבה) between Jews. Source: TorahMusings.com


4

The English version of Sh'mirath Shabbath K'hilchathah (34:27) says that the disabled person in the wheelchair may propel himself through a rabbinic public domain and only for the purpose of a mitzva. The only person other than himself who would be permitted to push him would be a non-Jew. The allowance for the disabled person himself to do so is not due to ...


4

Based on Zomet, the idea is similar to having a track which a ball is rolled down once a minute. Touching the ball would (in this analogy) be work, but moving a lever that changed a gate so that the next ball (whenever it comes) would roll down a different path is gramma and thus acceptable. Moving that lever is not in-and-of-itself work, does not make ...


4

not only starting the car, but on it's regular use you are constantly kindling and extinguishing fire, see how a 4 stroke engine works: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four-stroke_engine http://www.animatedengines.com/otto.shtml http://www.compgoparts.com/TechnicalResources/FourStrokeEngineBasics.asp http://www.howstuffworks.com/engine.htm a different question ...


4

The question's "I am paid for repairs" may be misleading: I seem to recall that you're paid for the difference between the market value of the car before it was damaged and its value damaged: that the payment has nothing to do with repairs. (This differs from assault on a person, where one pays for the difference in value (as above, nezek), repairs (ripuy), ...


4

There is a story that is said about the Chofetz Chaim that an officer of the Czar came in to meet with him and found in his office torn stamps that had the image of the Czar on them. The officer confronted the Chofetz Chaim on this; to which the Chofetz Chaim responded that he had sent letters with a courier and didn't want the Government to lose out on the ...


4

It doesn't seem like the Teva had a Deck according to some of the story's details. According to Midrash, Og was hanging onto the outside of the Teva, in the water, and the Re'emim were tied to the sides (with their faces in a hole on the side of the Teva to breathe). If there was a deck, Og and the Re'emim could have just stood on it. If Noach could go ...


4

The best thing to do, by far, is to work with your boss to rearrange your schedule so you're not cutting it anywhere near that tight. But for theory's sake, if you somehow find yourself stuck: the most-common practice in North America is to publish candle-lighting times that are 18 minutes prior to sunset. (Among other things, this is to accommodate one ...



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