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19

Apparently, Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach says that the three steps are an integral part of Shemoneh Esrei, and should be done whenever at all possible; to the extent that one should move his wheelchair the space of three steps, or ask someone to do it for him if he is unable. Interestingly, he says the same applies to a car! Source: Halichas Shlomo 8:31 ...


11

The Rabbinical Council of America actually called for its rabbis to: "Purchase the most fuel-efficient vehicles in the class of car they wish to drive" And that rabbis should encourage congregants to do the same. But I think "prohibited to drive anything non-hybrid" is a strong word. While most (all?) of us would agree that consuming less gasoline is ...


10

According to the Ben Ish Chai, one can ride a bicycle on Shabbos inside an eiruv for leisure. Outside of an eruv, a mitzvah purpose might be needed, which includes attending shul to daven with a minyan, and certainly would include performing a bris. So according to the Ben Ish Chai, the answer is yes.


9

There are several reasons as pointed out by Rav Sorotzkin, Rav Hirsch and others. First of all, they could not have stored sufficient food to last for the entire flood. The flood lasted for an entire solar year. In fact, it was only by a miracle that Noach and the animals had sufficient food during the flood and while they were repopulating the Earth. As ...


8

Harav Shneur Zalman Farkash, a Mashpia in the Chabad Yeshiva Gedola of Buenos Aires, wrote in Haoros.com there was no Halachic reason to stop the boat. The main reason was in order to say Kiddush Levana with Yishuv Hadaas.


8

Malbim explains that ספינה (related to ספון, "concealed") is the lowest room of a ship (whereas אניה is the entire ship). Verse 5 is stressing that Yona descended to the lowest room so that he drown there. Were he higher in the ship, he reasoned, he may be thrown overboard and tossed on the waves until he reached land and survive.


7

I do not see why it would be not permissible to use it. No one has a problem using electricity during the week, which the electric company is operating on Shabbos too. No one has a problem using the telephone during the week, which the phone company is operating on Shabbos. The only possible reason that some people might have not to use it during the week, ...


7

Maybe it would be similar to the case of an uncancelled stamp? This page cites R. Menashe Klein zt"l as ruling that you can't reuse the stamp in that case, because of dina d'malchusa. (There is also the famous story of the Chofetz Chaim ripping up stamps when he had letters delivered by courier rather than the postal system, so as not to deprive the ...


7

Rabbi Yair Chayim Bachrach (Chavos Yair Responsum 115), while rabbi of Koblenz in the mid-17th Century, was asked about a certain wealthy individual who lived on the other side of the Rhine as the main Jewish community. This individual, whose name is given as "Berman", wanted to come to synagogue on Shabbat and Holidays. During the summer, there were large ...


7

They are synonyms. The latter is used per the GR"A (R' Elijah ben Shlomo Zalman Kremer, also known as the Vilna Gaon) to be a hint (remez) to the ego (the אני) - according to his exegesis, the entire story is an allegory for the journey of the soul in this world, and the אניה represents the body.


7

To answer the questions, in order: שמירת שבת כהלכתה (Rabbi YY Neuwirth) in 32:13 writes that if someone has a "מחלה מידבקת," an infectious disease, and there is a concern that he will infect those around him (and besides for the hospital, he cannot otherwise be kept in a מקום מבודד, a quarantine), he may be driven by car to the hospital on Shabbos, out of ...


7

According to Rabbi Feinstein in the Igros Moshe chelek Even HaEzer 4 siman 65 #3 it is an argument between the Chelkas Mechokek and the Beis Shmuel if yichud is an issue in a car. The source of contention is whether being in a situation of non-yichud which can very easily lead into yichud is assur to put ones self in. He said to be machmir exept when it is ...


6

In theory it should work with the following qualifications: 1- Your car roof width from the far inner door to the schach area is 4 amos or less (for dofen akuma) 2- Your car doors are less than 3 tefachim off the ground (for mechitza- gediim bok'im) Like you mentioned, you need the second door for the third wall, just resting it on the roof won't help. ...


6

Ships are used for slaves and goods. It is dangerous to go on a ship, and they have a negative connotation.


6

The Chasam Sofer answers and says it is in contradistinction to leaving Egypt when Hashem split the Sea for the Jews.


6

Moses tells the people who are about to get busy building the Tabernacle (sort of a travelling Temple in the desert) that they need to pause all their construction activities on the Sabbath, and mentions for instance not to burn things. Our Oral Tradition (recorded in the Talmud, tractate Shabbat, see especially Chapter 7) has a list of 39 categories of ...


6

In “Mourning in Halachah”, Rabbi C B Goldberg, ArtScroll, 1991, p82, it says “If a family member is accompanying the deceased on a ship airplane or auto” and goes on to deal with the laws on aninus in this case. The same Halachah is brought in the original Hebrew sefer para 61. It seems to follow that according to Rav Goldberg, there is nothing wrong with ...


5

Aruch Hashulchan (CM 410:26) speculates the reason why the ditch-digger is not responsible for kelim as follows: Kelim, in general, do not move unless a person or an animal is moving them. We expect a person to be paying enough attention where he is walking not to fall into the ditch, especially when he is carrying stuff (which is why the digger is also not ...


5

Ribis is not on an Item that you are going to to return the very same item itself, so essential Ribis is only on Loans of money or things of Monetary value, not of items where you return the actual item itself. To illustrate for example borrowing eggs(this is Monetary Value) and returning more eggs since there you are lending the value of the item not the ...


5

From looking at a couple of them around my neighborhood, they all seem to use some kind of bamboo mats. Some (maybe most) of them take off the sechach while they're driving, and put it on when they reach their destination; others seem to keep it anchored in place through judicious use of 2x4s (with notches carved in them so they'll stay atop the walls). And ...


5

This is similar to the topic discussed here. Generally, we say zachin l'adam shelo b'fanav, that you may acquire something for someone else if it is for his own benefit (even without his knowledge), except when your acquisition is at a third party's expense. However, in the case of acquiring a lost object on another's behalf, the gemara (Bava Metzia 10b) ...


5

The Gemara in Eruvin 43b discusses how R. Gamliel was able to measure the distance. The Gemara says that R. Gamliel had a hollow tube with which he was able to look and sight a distance of 2000 Amos. Per Rashi a long hollow tube narrows and shortens the viewer's range. The length of the tube can be calibrated to yield a maximum sighting distance of 2000 ...


5

The source is Megila 29. תניא ר"א הקפר אומר עתידין בתי כנסיות ובתי מדרשות שבבבל שיקבעו בא"י שנאמר כי כתבור בהרים וככרמל בים יבוא, והלא דברים ק"ו ומה תבור וכרמל שלא באו אלא לפי שעה ללמוד תורה נקבעים בארץ ישראל, בתי כנסיות ובתי מדרשות שקורין ומרביצין בהן תורה עאכו"כ


5

Rabbi Benjamin Yasgur quotes Nechama Leibowitz, who said that Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach ruled that yes, you are allowed to give him directions, for two reasons: If you don't answer, the driver might commit additional violations if they choose the wrong way. Not answering might create animosity (איבה) between Jews. Source: TorahMusings.com


5

I personally heard Rabbi Belsky sometime around 2004-2006(?) giving the following advice. The situation was that people were having a lot of guests for Shabbos and wanted to leave beverages in their car to keep cold. He said it was fine as long as this procedure is followed correctly. Of course the light must be disabled. The door itself is part of a kli ...


4

The English version of Sh'mirath Shabbath K'hilchathah (34:27) says that the disabled person in the wheelchair may propel himself through a rabbinic public domain and only for the purpose of a mitzva. The only person other than himself who would be permitted to push him would be a non-Jew. The allowance for the disabled person himself to do so is not due to ...


4

I too must echo YS that this must be discussed with one's own halachic authority if it is a practical concern (as my teacher instructed us when teaching this topic). Rav Moshe Feinstein zt'l ruled that one may return in order that one is able to assist the next time (I have not studied this inside but a quick glance and the secondary literature would seem ...


4

Based on Zomet, the idea is similar to having a track which a ball is rolled down once a minute. Touching the ball would (in this analogy) be work, but moving a lever that changed a gate so that the next ball (whenever it comes) would roll down a different path is gramma and thus acceptable. Moving that lever is not in-and-of-itself work, does not make ...


4

not only starting the car, but on it's regular use you are constantly kindling and extinguishing fire, see how a 4 stroke engine works: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four-stroke_engine http://www.animatedengines.com/otto.shtml http://www.compgoparts.com/TechnicalResources/FourStrokeEngineBasics.asp http://www.howstuffworks.com/engine.htm a different question ...



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