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2

Lavan sent his son Beor (the father of Bilam) who was 17 years old - with 10 men to let Eisav know that Yaakov was on his way back. Beor also told Eisav how Yaakov fooled his father Lavan just like he fooled Eisav. That got Eisav riled up and he went to greet Yaakov with 400 men. (Sefer HaYoshor - end of Parshat Vayeitzei)


2

Rabbi Gil Student addresses the Rambam and Ramban's positions. The Ramban has been cited in other answers. An excerpt of the Rambam's position is below (Mishneh Torah, Hilkhos Melakhim 9:14) ...People in general are obligated by the Noachide code to establish courts to maintain justice. Since Shechem was unpunished for his crime, the city residents ...


1

Here is what stuck with me in this Parasha: ( using Stone edition Chumash) Ch 34 v: 30 ' ... making me odious among the inhabitants of the land.' So, Yaakov was fearing the other residents of the land as well as their opinions..as they traversed, but then the men slew the city, note in Chapter 35 V5 " They set out and there fell a GODLY terror on the ...


2

Rabbi Sorotzkin, in Oznayim Latorah, says that based on the response of Shechem (the prince), they were "geirei arayos" (עריות) which is worse than "Geirei Ari" (ארי) used for the Shomronim who converted because of a fear of lions. This means they "converted" to be able to get the "Jewish women" which is invalid. Both the Bnai Yisrael and the people of ...


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It branches off the Jordan river, running eastward through Gilead, just north of Mt Nebo and to the south of the Bashan. Today it is known as the Wadi Zerqa ("Blue River"). See the maps on pages 38 and 115 of Anson Rainey and Steven Notley, The Sacred Bridge (Jerusalem: Carta, 2006), and the information in Randall W. Younker, "Jabbok" in Anchor Bible ...


6

The Torah Lodaas sheet published weekly by Rabbi Matis Blum, in its Vayishlach 2014 issue, quotes the G'riz as follows (in my own translation): In truth, the response of Yaakov's sons was not merely to fool [the Shechemites] into circumcising themselves so they'd be able to kill them. Rather, it was a truthful response to Chamor's words: he had told them ...


0

I would like to propose the possibility that the angel with which Jacob wrestled is actually a proxy for G-d himself. As evidence that angels can be a proxy for G-d, consider the first few verses of Parasha Vayeira (Genesis 18). It states that Hashem appeared to Abraham, but in the next verse Abraham lifted his eyes and saw three men (angels). For Abraham ...


2

Targum Pseudo Jonathan 34:31 says that Simeon and Levi were using the city of Shechem as an example and a warning to any and all who would think of treating the daughters of Jacob in such a way. (This is echoed by the Yerushalmi Targum as well): And Shimeon and Levi answered, It would not have been fit to be said in the congregations of Israel that the ...


1

Sholom Mordechai Hakohen Schwadron (Hebrew: הרב שלום מרדכי הכהן שבדרון‎) (1912–21 December 1997) edited and published two famous mussar texts composed by his teachers — Ohr Yahel by Rabbi Leib Chasman and Lev Eliyahu by Rabbi Elyah Lopian. Our Rav quoted Rav Chasman as having stated that the malach was stating that this is his name. When an enemy general ...


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Sholom Mordechai Hakohen Schwadron (Hebrew: הרב שלום מרדכי הכהן שבדרון‎) (1912–21 December 1997) edited and published two famous mussar texts composed by his teachers — Ohr Yahel by Rabbi Leib Chasman and Lev Eliyahu by Rabbi Elyah Lopian. Our Rav quoted Rav Chasman as having stated that the malach was stating that this is his name. When an enemy general ...


0

If I'm not mistaken, I believe the two verses in question refer to two different individuals, Dishon and Dishan. Some translations may incorrectly state both names as Dishan, but if you look at Bereshith 36, verse 21 you will see both names are listed among the seven sons of Seir, the Horite. But the best source, of course, is the Hebrew that spells it all ...


2

See the lengthy Ramba"n discussion on Bresihit 34:13 He struggles with various aspects of this question, and why eventually Ya'akov cursed Shim'on and Levi's anger. There are three aspects to what Ramba"n states: He delves into a discussion of the responsibilities of B'nai Noach to establish a court and try people who violated certain crimes. Ramba"n lists ...


1

Below are excerpts from Rav Shimshon Rafael Hirsch and his explanation as to why they reacted as they did. Note that Yaakov objected to this and did not accept their justification of "hora'as shah". See the full explanation in the 5 volume Hirsch Chumash. Rav Hirsch says on 34:25 Now the blameworthy part begins, which we need in no wise excuse. Had ...


0

One suggestion is they killed the adult males because they should have applied the Noahide law of "Justice" on Shechem and did not. And which of the 7 Noahide laws did Shechem actually break? The immediate gut reaction would be that he broke the law of forbidden relationships but I am not so sure, as the normal "penalty" for raping a minor in Jewish law is ...


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I had the opportunity today to pose this question to a certain Rov. He said the fact that Yaakov had enough, either in the number of people or possessions, to be able to split into two actual camps was what Yaakov was praising Hashem for. Irrespective of whether or not he did and for what reason. Had there only been two people that split up, this would not ...


6

The Rosh and Chizkuni (in his second explanation) and Daas Z'kenim answer that the maidservants' sons didn't bow, as they thought that they, as freemen, were more important than their mothers. That's why it says "bowed" in the feminine: only women bowed. [Presumably "and their children" in the verse refers to approaching.] Chizkuni's first explanation is ...


0

He may be thinking of Bamidbar Raba, Naso 10:5, but that's about a different angel, the one that came to Manoach's wife. It says: והוא פלאי שם שמו המלאך פלאי "it's פלאי" - the angel set his name as פלאי (translation according to the Mat'nos K'huna)


0

The Ohr HaChaim writes that since Ya’akov said “Tell me your name now” because he knew that angels have no permanent name and for this reason when he asked the angel his name he explained that he wished to know the angel’s name at the current moment, to this the angel responded “Why this?” - why do you ask me my name with this explanation (that you want to ...


4

Sforno says that it shows that even though Yaakov knew, he didn't disown Reuven, because he knew that he did tshuvah immediately. Both Ramban and Radak say that because of what Reuven did, Yaakov had twelve sons, i.e. he did not have any more children after this. Additionally, the Gemara in Shabbat 55b (phrase 27 in Sefaria) says that he moved Yaakov's bed ...


1

I don't have access to a humash now, but I believe a mefaresh said that the Torah is trying to show that despite the fact that Reuben did this terrible act, he is still counted among the twelve tribes of Israel.


4

I have also seen that Yaakov was hinting that the bracha (which was mainly agricultural) had not helped him. The bracha from Hashem was in his flocks which had not been mentioned by Yitzchak. Yaakov was also hinting that everything he had was from the hard work and knowledge of husbandry which he had as well as a bracha from Hashem granted to him while he ...


4

Ramban (verse 14) says it's because that's what he had at hand.


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In addition to DanF's answer, it seems there's a message in the gift. What do you get when you add twenty rams and 200 ewes? Well if you're really hungry, 220 mutton chops! If you're patient, though, you have a breeding stock that can produce thousands. If there's anyone who could play the victim card -- you ruined my life! -- it's Esav. Yaakov's message, ...


6

There are two things that would contradict your assumptions in your question. 1 - Rashi on Breishit 32:14 cites a Midrash saying that Ya'akov included precious stones and diamonds. 2 - Breishit 36:6-7 states that Esav had a lot of herds / cattle and because he had so much the land was not big enough to hold both his and Ya'akov's cattle, which is one of ...


1

Part of Ramban's comment on Breishit 32:21 offers some insight to this. He says that when Ya'akov sent messengers with a huge gift for Esav, the verse explains part of Ya'akovs thinking where he uses the term "kaparah" - a bit of an unusual term, here. Ramba"n explains that he sent servants before him and gave "kofer nafsho" (loose translation - redemption ...


0

The first 8 kings proper of Israel and then Judah were: Saul David Solomon Rehoboam Aviyah Asa Yehoshafat Yehoram (of Judah) The 9th king was Ahazya, the one killed by Yehu. And after that was Queen Ataliah. The first 8 kings were all righteous, and then Ahazya and Queen Ataliah were wicked. Remember the prophecy / blessing from Yitzchak "when you feel ...



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