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10

I would think that the normal assumption for an employee discount would that it would be for the personal use of the employee and not for his friends and not for him to do business with. I am supported in this by this article about the Original Employee Discount. He quotes: “When you come [to work] in your neighbor’s vineyard, then you may eat the ...


9

You could not circumvent the obligation, as an Eved Ivri remains obligated in positive time-bound commandments. (An Eved Kena'ani is not, but to make your plan work you'd have to first become a Kena'ani.)


5

I've never heard of any issue with it, and Rabbi Kasriel Kaplan has bought used sidurim. So it seems to be fine to do so.


4

Since the question is asked based solely on Vayikra 11:8, the answer is (as quoted by Rashi there, but this is the generally accepted view) that there is no issue with touching them, except in connection with the Temple at the time of the holidays of Pesach, Sukkos and Shavuos (or any other time a Jew wanted to be there). and you shall not touch their ...


4

Shulchan Aruch O.C. 448:5 rules that chometz which is found in your home after Pesach, even if you nullified it, is forbidden. The Tur there (cited by Magen Avraham and Taz) explains that we are worried that a person will say he nullified it even if he didn't. This isn't a problem for those crumbs that you don't want anyways. But for that box of cheerios ...


4

I don't really know what the situation in other countries in, but for a very long time, the only meat sold in stores in America has been soaked and salted. Even if a kosher-labelled piece of meat has not been salted properly, it's בטל ברוב, as the overwhelming majority of meat is completely kosher. ...you used the word "treyf," by which you probably meant ...


3

Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu Zatzal says that it is permitted to purchase a car on Chol Hamoed if he is afraid that after Yom Tov he will not find such a quality car or the price will change. מותר לקנות מכונית וכד' אם יש חשש שאחרי החג לא ימצא כמוה בטיב או במחיר (שו"ע תקלט סע' ה).


3

The Rivash, in Responsa 41, cited by Rema in Orach Chayim 450:6, writes that it is forbidden to purchase chometz for a non-Jew on Pesach, even using the money of the non-Jew to make the purchase. The Rivash has two points which he makes in forbidding this. The second, that the Jew is responsible for the chometz while it is under the jurisdiction of the ...


3

The parallel Chazzal to this is found in Rus Rabba 7 11. There the Eitz Yosef explains that the function of this kinyan was actually a ruse to ensure witnesses. He says the barrel of treats was smashed which brought all the children to come gather them. They in turn would remember what had transpired being that children have good memories, as it says ...


3

Look at the Mishnayot a few after that one: נכסים שיש להם אחריות, נקנין בכסף ובשטר ובחזקה.‏ [Land] is acquired through money, documents and [usage]. Examples (given by Bartenura) of the "usage" technique for land include plowing the land, locking the opening, and building a fence. Additionally, you can find that: עבד כנעני נקנה בכסף ובשטר ...


3

Automatic processes that don't require human intervention are generally permitted. There are some exceptions for things that violate the atmosphere of Shabbos. However, transactions may have a specific prohibition which applies even if they are automatic. The Rambam (Hil. Shabbos 23:12) is clear that the buyer and seller are both included in the ...


3

The Avnei Yoshfei has a teshuvah on this subject. Regarding a non-Jew from whom one bought 4 items and who charged only for 3, he says that this is טעות עכו״ם and is allowed. The Jew does not have to tell the non-Jew that he is relying on the non-Jew's account. But note business halacha.com who quotes Rambam Hilchos Gezeilah 11 (4 & 5) and ...


3

See here for a general overview and various opinions on giving gifts on Shabbos. .. the Beis Yosef (OC 527) allows one to give a gift on Shabbos if it will be used for Mitzva purposes. This is the basis for allowing one to give their Lulav and Esrog to another as a gift on the first day (or 2) of Sukkos. The Magen Avraham (OC 306:15) question the ...


3

Shulchan Aruch HaRav (OC 431:4) writes that the Chachamim don't allow you to retain Chametz on your property during Pesach for two reasons: 1) You may not mean it when you say it is hefker and 2) you may forget and go eat it. So if you are going to keep Chametz in your closet over Pesach, hefker won't be enough, it has to be sold. Selling Chametz is a much ...


3

Halachically Speaking quoting the Business Halacha Institute says that in such a scenario it is subject to the laws of Hashavas Aveida. (see page 11 scenario 4 and explanation to scenario 4 on page 13). Thus it should be returned even to a non Jew as it will cause a Kiddush Hashem.


3

There is a concept in Halacha of not encouraging somebody to continue his evil ways. For example: One may not buy from a thief, as this encourages him to continue stealing. If this is a real case of Hasogas Gevul then buying from him encourages him to continue being Masig Gevul, and it should be forbidden. Sample source from the Kitzur סימן קפב - הלכות ...


2

Unless the amount is de minimus (of minor importance), then it is an opportunity to make a Kiddush Hashem. Passing over that opportunity is throwing away a Mitzvah, and if caught could lead to a very bad Aveirah. I'm very skeptical that you could find a heter for that. This question discusses it. That is really the distinction between a Jew and a non-Jew ...


2

In short: I want to gift a [whatever] to my friend Yonah (gender-neutral) on Shabbat. So before Shabbat, I go to my friend Simcha (gender-neutral, but over the age of bar/bat mitzva) and say: "I would like you to acquire this on behalf of Yonah." I hand it to Simcha, and Simcha picks up the [whatever] a few inches in demonstration of acknowledgment. The ...


2

Tosfos points out all sorts of leniencies that we apply today, not strictly using the definitions of the mishnas in avoda zara. Among other considerations, in a religiously-integrated society, applying religious discrimination in business dealings would cause a great deal of dangerous animosity. (Your local rabbi might advise, all else being equal, that ...


2

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch says in סימן קו - דיני מקח וממכר בחל המועד: סעיף ג': אִם חַל יָרִיד, שֶׁהוּא יוֹם הַשּׁוּק הַבָּא לִפְרָקִים, אוֹ יוֹם הַשּׁוּק שֶׁבְּכָל שָׁבוּעַ, אֶלָּא שֶׁעַתָּה הוּא קוֹדֵם הַחֲגָאוֹת שֶׁמִּתְאַסְּפִין קוֹנִים הַרְבֵּה, מֻתָּר לִמְכֹּר דְּכֵיוָן שֶׁהוּא דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ תָּדִיר חַשְׁבִינָן גַּם מְנִיעַת הָרֶוַח כְּמוֹ ...


1

Perhaps Mishna Nedarim 3:1 ? ג,א ארבעה נדרים התירו חכמים--נדרי זירוזין, נדרי הבאי, נדרי שגגות, נדרי אונסין. נדרי זירוזין: היה מוכר לו חפץ ואמר, קונם שאיני פוחת לך מן הסלע, והלה אומר קונם שאיני מוסיף לך על השקל, ושניהם רוצים בשלושה דינרין Four categories of vow were absolved by the rabbis ... a vow intended to spur someone else into action: If I ...


1

In Shu't Avnei Neizer 381.2 he justifies the language of על ביעור חמץ even though לבער would seem to be more appropriate, as Tosafos and Ran already addressed. He says that the mitzvah of biur chametz is accomplished at the onset of Pesach. It is not a mitzvah accomplished at the time of biur, rather it is fulfilled when Pesach arrives after one has done the ...


1

The problem with interest is that it's risk-free. The Gemara makes clear that I can own a share in your company; if the company does well, I get more money; if the company goes kaput, I could lose my funds entirely. That's how stocks work -- you can buy $100 in KaputCo stock; that could become worth $200, that could become worth $0.


1

I'm not sure if this answers the question, but while the messenger may not realize that he's being מזכה לחבירו שלא בפניו, he is certainly aware that he's a messenger. Tosfos there (Gitin 11 ד"ה התופס לבעל חוב, and see also Tosfos to Kesuvos 11a) actually write that זכין works in a manner exactly like שליחות - so one could easily imagine that דעת שליחות is ...


1

The formulation for bitul chametz is is כל חמירא וחמיעא דאיכא ברשותי, דחזיתיה ודלא חזיתיה, דבערתיה ודלא בערתיה, לבטיל ולהוי הפקר כעפרא דארעא" Significant amounts of chametz cannot be nullified since it wouldn't realistically be possible to see it as "dust."


1

The original practice of Bittul (Pesachim 6b) was for after one searched for and found all Chametz, and essentially we are left a concern that maybe he will find something small on Pesach that he missed, essentially saying "that too is as irrelevant as dust." It does not help for a locked away closet full of Chametz. That being said, as a Torah matter, it ...


1

We have an online ספרי קודש Store called The Jewish Bookshelf, and we received a payment from a Professor from Egypt that bought a number of religious books. We wasn't sure but the name wasn't Avraham/Ytshak/Yaakov/David... It wasn't a very jewish name. We asked Rabbi Shlomo Chaim Hacohen Aviner, and he ruled not to sell him the books, so we refund him and ...



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