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10

Rabbi Reisman in Hilchos Ribis deals with this. If you are going to spend the money, then that is defined as a loan and any fee for that 'rental' is 'ribis'. Renting property means that you return the same property that you rented, such as renting a tractor to plow your field. That is why there is a discussion as to borrowing flour to make a cake and when, ...


10

I would think that the normal assumption for an employee discount would that it would be for the personal use of the employee and not for his friends and not for him to do business with. I am supported in this by this article about the Original Employee Discount. He quotes: “When you come [to work] in your neighbor’s vineyard, then you may eat the ...


9

You could not circumvent the obligation, as an Eved Ivri remains obligated in positive time-bound commandments. (An Eved Kena'ani is not, but to make your plan work you'd have to first become a Kena'ani.)


7

It depends on what you mean by "use," because the mode of use (both actual and contractual - see Shach YD 176:1) affects whether the money is considered "loaned" or "rented." In a loan, the money is generally meant to be used financially and may be replaced with equivalent currency. In such a case, the laws prohibiting lending on interest apply. However, if ...


6

בס"ד Ownership In regards to whether you have ownwership with a rental. The entirety of the hotel belongs to the owner of the hotel, including the rooms that we, the guests are renting from the owner, so when I carry around the hotel I am carrying within the property of that owner. The room I rent in the hotel is not my property unless it is a long ...


5

The Maharsham in 3:151 was asked about such a case where someone sold their sins to someone else. He first addresses whether or not a valid act of kinyan could be done - if it was done through קנין סיטומתא (ex. a handshake), then the kinyan may be effective even though there is no "object" to be acquired, just as סיטומתא works on something that has not yet ...


4

There are Jewish communities which have the custom that if a tragedy happened in a home, the current owners will move out. This is based on the Rabbinic expression "one who changes his location changes his luck". However, there is no reason for somebody else not to move into such a home. In Jerusalem - and other predominantly Jewish areas - such homes are ...


4

I've never heard of any issue with it, and Rabbi Kasriel Kaplan has bought used sidurim. So it seems to be fine to do so.


4

Since the question is asked based solely on Vayikra 11:8, the answer is (as quoted by Rashi there, but this is the generally accepted view) that there is no issue with touching them, except in connection with the Temple at the time of the holidays of Pesach, Sukkos and Shavuos (or any other time a Jew wanted to be there). and you shall not touch their ...


3

The Avnei Yoshfei has a teshuvah on this subject. Regarding a non-Jew from whom one bought 4 items and who charged only for 3, he says that this is טעות עכו״ם and is allowed. The Jew does not have to tell the non-Jew that he is relying on the non-Jew's account. But note business halacha.com who quotes Rambam Hilchos Gezeilah 11 (4 & 5) and ...


3

See here for a general overview and various opinions on giving gifts on Shabbos. .. the Beis Yosef (OC 527) allows one to give a gift on Shabbos if it will be used for Mitzva purposes. This is the basis for allowing one to give their Lulav and Esrog to another as a gift on the first day (or 2) of Sukkos. The Magen Avraham (OC 306:15) question the ...


3

Halachically Speaking quoting the Business Halacha Institute says that in such a scenario it is subject to the laws of Hashavas Aveida. (see page 11 scenario 4 and explanation to scenario 4 on page 13). Thus it should be returned even to a non Jew as it will cause a Kiddush Hashem.


3

There is a concept in Halacha of not encouraging somebody to continue his evil ways. For example: One may not buy from a thief, as this encourages him to continue stealing. If this is a real case of Hasogas Gevul then buying from him encourages him to continue being Masig Gevul, and it should be forbidden. Sample source from the Kitzur סימן קפב - הלכות ...


3

Normally, in cases of significant underprice, the seller can demand a retraction of the sale (Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 237:2, q.v.), though he cannot demand that the sale remain intact but the buyer pay the difference in price (S'ma :6). Although that doesn't normally apply to documents (SA :29), it does when the underprice is by more than half (Rama ...


3

See Masheches Kesuvos 98b Rav Papa brings the halacha if the price is fixed they share the extra and if it is not fixed the sender keeps it see it inside.Here is a good story and source for such a case,it seems this case is that belongs fully to the sender because the extra one comes because of the first pair ,it is like part of the sale,and that is how it ...


2

According to the Malbim's commentary, Boaz chose to do Yibum in order to spiritually reincarnate Rus's deceased husband, Machalon, which is the Zohar's approach to what happens in Yibum - the soul of the deceased is reincarnated into the son born of the Yibum union. (See Malbim to 4:14, for example.) Along the same lines, he may have chosen to acquire the ...


2

The Rambam (Hil. Shabbos 23:12) is clear that the buyer and seller are both included in the prohibition of business on Shabbos: וכן אסור לקנות ולמכור, ולשכור ולהשכיר--שמא יכתוב It is prohibited to buy and sell ... lest one come to write The Divrei Malkiel 4:2 explains the prohibition of the seller: דהא עכ"פ צריך להראות לו היכן מונח הדבר וגם ...


2

Assuming the story is true, then these people assumed/knew that each ration card not only entitled one to some bread, but somehow gave one ownership of a ration of bread, even before one picked it up. Maybe one needs an understanding of Russian "law" at the time to fully comprehend this.


2

Pesahim 4a, 4b and 5b discuss thoroughly this topic. For example, my English translation of Koren Talmud Bavli cites the halacha If the owner of a house who lets it to another delivered the keys to the lessee before the evening of the fourteenth of Nisan, the lessee is obligated to search for leaven. If the keys were delivered ...


2

Rav Ovadia Yosef states that the sefardi poskim allow heter mechira, regardless of if it is a shaas hadchak. He also quotes that Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach paskened in favor of heter mechira. In his sefer שו"ת יביע אומר ח"י), Rav Ovadia, states clearly that it is 100% permitted in this day, and that is regardless of whether it is a time of sakana. But for ...


2

Unless the amount is de minimus (of minor importance), then it is an opportunity to make a Kiddush Hashem. Passing over that opportunity is throwing away a Mitzvah, and if caught could lead to a very bad Aveirah. I'm very skeptical that you could find a heter for that. This question discusses it. That is really the distinction between a Jew and a non-Jew ...


2

In short: I want to gift a [whatever] to my friend Yonah (gender-neutral) on Shabbat. So before Shabbat, I go to my friend Simcha (gender-neutral, but over the age of bar/bat mitzva) and say: "I would like you to acquire this on behalf of Yonah." I hand it to Simcha, and Simcha picks up the [whatever] a few inches in demonstration of acknowledgment. The ...


1

Tosfos points out all sorts of leniencies that we apply today, not strictly using the definitions of the mishnas in avoda zara. Among other considerations, in a religiously-integrated society, applying religious discrimination in business dealings would cause a great deal of dangerous animosity. (Your local rabbi might advise, all else being equal, that ...


1

I'm not sure if this answers the question, but while the messenger may not realize that he's being מזכה לחבירו שלא בפניו, he is certainly aware that he's a messenger. Tosfos there (Gitin 11 ד"ה התופס לבעל חוב, and see also Tosfos to Kesuvos 11a) actually write that זכין works in a manner exactly like שליחות - so one could easily imagine that דעת שליחות is ...


1

It's all hotel property (or it may even belong to some religious group, not the hotel), not yours. So it's not your problem. The best thing to do is just ignore it. Here's a quick test: if you were out at a conference and lightning struck the hotel room and burned it down, would the hotel expect you to pay for a new bible? Of course not! (If you damaged ...


1

The Malbim on that verse explains that he knew the sale was taking place because she had decided to sell it, and it was publicly announced that the field was on the market. Alternatively, the Malbim explains that she had told Boaz that she intended to sell it, and he had told her that he would first approach Tov (Ploni Almoni). The Malbim finds support for ...


1

Note that in Kesuvos 104 we see that a widow can sell her husband's property to cover the kesuvah. The laws of inheritance are such that the land would have gone to Elimelech's brother and down through the line. Since there were no brothers left, Rus was not subject to yibum (see the Rambam on this) and could have married anyone that she wanted (or who would ...


1

Notwithstanding msh210's comment, I spoke to Rabbi Dovid Rosenbaum (YI Shomrai Emunah, Silver Spring) about this. He said that usually merchants in this field would agree with the seller that the buyer would take any risk of loss, as well as benefit from any gain in value. Thus, it is in the seller's interest to have the item appraised first by an expert, ...


1

The selling thing is a nice midrash. And indeed those are valid questions if we go with the approach of the midrash. One alternative, however, would be a different reading of how the plague worked. This escapes your questions, and it follows the simplest reading of the actual verses. Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan's translation: 7:19 God said to Moses, 'Tell ...


1

From a Halakhic standpoint, there appears to be two questions here: Who has Halakhic possession, and thus liability, for the item? When does the customer legally possess the item, and thereby becomes responsible for it? Is it upon payment, or upon receipt? What is the Halakhic status of the postal carrier? Are they a Shaliach (Messenger)? Shomer ...



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