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In terms of the history of division of Aliyot, you should see Ilana Katzenellenbogen's survey article in Sinai 119 (1998), pp. 224-45. She looks at 33 different division customs from the last 1000 years from around the Jewish world and compiles a ~10 page chart with all the different variants from "our common custom" (OCC). Her conclusions are (summarized ...


4

Encyclopedia Yeudis says in the name of the Kalbo that there are 7 Brachos for the Haftora against the seven who had Aliyos. It says that the Brachos are mentioned in Mesechtas Sofrim 13. המפטיר מברך שבע ברכות על ההפטרה נגד שבעה העולים לס"ת (כלבו) במס' סופרים (פי"ג) נרשמו הברכות שאומרים לפני ואחרי ההפטרה (ויש שינויים בסדור רב עמרם גאון), ומסיים "בא"י ...


2

See Kitzur Shulchan ARuch 78:4. When I read this paragraph, he lists other places in the Torah where we should read certain verses quietly. (BTW, he does not mention "quickly" anywhwere, so I'm uncertain when / how speed became a factor.) Excerpting the parts relevant to your question: וגם הקללות שבפרשת בחקתי ופרשת כי תבא קורין בקול נמוך ואת הפסוק ...


2

Supplementing @GershonGold's answer, see this article. There is a controversy as to whether the brachot recited before the haftarah are really 1 or 2 brachot. In response to your second question, there are a few reaons, all based on what I am inferring form the linked article. Haftarah was originally considered supplemental to the Torah reading, if you ...


2

One answer is that it is juxtaposed with the giving of the Torah - but the giving of the second Tablets on Yom Kippur, not the first tablets on Shavuos. This is explained at length in several places in Chabad Chassidus. One of them is here. The Meshech Chochma says that on Shmini Atzers Zos HaBracha was read anyway. The Talmud which describes reading Zos ...


1

See the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן עח - הלכות קריאת ספר תורה in סעיף ד where he mentions all instances of where the Ba'al Kri'ah (Torah reader) needs to lower his voice. Regarding Bechukosai he says: גַם הַקְּלָלוֹת שֶׁבְּפָּרָשַׁת בְּחֻקֹּתַי וּפָרָשַׁת כִּי תָבֹא קוֹרִין בְּקוֹל נָמוּךְ. וְאֶת הַפָּסוּק וְזָכַרְתִּי אֶת בְּרִיתִי יַעֲקֹב קוֹרִין ...



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