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13

Let's put together a list here. The books of Lamentations (original Hebrew / JPS English translation) and Job (original Hebrew / JPS English translation): Jeremiah: all sections critical of the Jews' behavior or about the destruction. This is most of the book. Starting from chapter 1, one can continue until chapter 29, skipping the few verses of ...


10

Soncino translates An'Vat'Nuto as scrupulousness, but mentions in a footnote that it is literally translated as "humility". The literal translation seems to fit more with the way most commentaries translate it. Rashi explains it as, "Because of the patience of R' Zechariyah, that he endured Bar Kamtza and didn't kill him". In other words because of his ...


7

The sandak, if a bris takes place in the morning (as per the first custom cited in Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 559:7).


7

We find that even washing, which is one the actual prohibitions of Tisha B'Av, is permitted in certain cases of necessity (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 554:12-14); sitting on a chair, which is only a custom (albeit a strong one), is surely not more stringent than that. On the other hand, though, sitting on a jury is certainly a distraction from the mourning ...


7

The Rama rules in OC 558 that the prohibitions on wine and meat remain in force for only the night of 11 Av. The Mishna Berura (sk 4) notes that this is meant to be specific, and the other prohibitions do not apply immediately following the fast.


7

See here, One may dry his hands on a towel and then use the damp towel to clean his eyes and face, as the towel isn’t wet enough to impart enough water to wet something else (tofach al menat le-hatpiach) (Shulchan Arukh 554:11). (If one must actually clean one’s eyes in the morning, it is permitted to do so normally, as it is no different than ...


7

Whether or not tashmish and other private acts of mourning remain forbidden on Shabbat Tisha b'Av is a difference of opinion between the Mechaber and the Rama in Shulchan Aruch OC 554:19 with the Mechaber permitting and the Rama forbidding. Some Achronim debate whether Ashkenazim can rely on the Mechaber in certain pressing circumstances so please CYLOR for ...


6

Rabbi Shimon Eider in his "Summary of the Halochos of the Three Weeks" Lakewood, 5738 - 1978, says that washing, amongst other issurim, is prohibited the whole day (section V, G, 5). Only sitting on a bench above three tefachim, smoking, and work are allowed after noon (see in the sefer for details about work) and of course CYLOR.


6

In the case at hand, actually, we're not really talking about chumros. It is black-letter law that you can't offer a blemished animal on the Altar, and it is equally black-letter law that creating such a blemish doesn't make the offender liable to death. The problem with R. Zecharyah's approach wasn't that he was looking for chumros that didn't exist before, ...


6

The Heikhalot texts have the Roman ruler decreeing that all gedolei Israel had to die for the infraction, and heaven decreeing that it would only be ten, and not all in a single generation as a mercy to Israel.


6

Seth, all of the detailed laws regarding when you don't have to worry about listening to music and when you do are really just applications of a single broader law: When Av comes around, we restrict our joy. Actions that are done for joy are improper. If they are done for other reasons, thats OK. For example, building for joy is prohibited. So I can't ...


6

We did it in my shul for practical reasons. When you read the megilla out loud, it makes you thirsty. Nobody wants to get really thirsty at the beginning of a 25 hour fast, so you split up the reading so that one person does not have to do the whole thing.


6

Rav Shumel Kamentzky, cited in sefer Kovetz Halachos pg 231, writes that a nursing woman or someone riding a bus may sit, because it is a necessary thing and not done out of enjoyment. Sitting on the toilet is a need and not meant for enjoyment and should be the same.


6

Today's HalachaText said that clothing should be worn for at least 30 minutes. I asked them for a source and they said this number came from Rav Elyashiv Ztl. שוב מצאתי I was looking for something else in Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen's Laws of the Three Weeks, and found that he quotes Rav YS Elyashiv there as saying a half an hour (page 85); in a footnote he ...


6

There are a variety of things that people do on Tisha B'Av. Many people spend most of the morning reading and discussing the Kinnos. It is also permitted and widespread to learn certain bits of Torah that are relevant to Tisha B'Av. These include Eicha, Iyov, the story of the destruction of the Temple which is related in Gittin 56b-58a and Sanhedrin 104, the ...


5

Gittin 56b תן לי יבנה וחכמיה ושושילתא דרבן גמליאל ואסוותא דמסיין ליה לרבי צדוק קרי עליה רב יוסף ואיתימא רבי עקיבא (ישעיהו מד) משיב חכמים אחור ודעתם יסכל איבעי למימר ליה לשבקינהו הדא זימנא והוא סבר דלמא כולי האי לא עביד והצלה פורתא נמי לא הוי Looking back fifty years later, Rabbi Akiva remarks that G-d must have clouded R' Yochanan ben Zakai's ...


5

In Ashkenazi Shul the person getting Hagbah.


5

You do have a good argument, since the reasoning for starting the restrictions from Rosh Chodesh is the ominous month of Av, which has no standing without the sanctification of the Sanhedrin, which was done in the day. However, in these matters everything is according to the custom. The Magen Avraham (O.C. 551:26) indicates that it starts at night. ...


5

We do not say them that week. Rama OC 553:2


5

from my shul newsletter No havdala on cup, no besamim. At 9:02pm or after, say "Baruch Hamavdil Ben Kodesh L'chol" (not with brocha). Remove shoes. (We say brocha of "Borei Meorei Haish" in shul.) Sunday night; Havdala on cup. No candle or besamim. For Havdala, one may use grape juice or wine.


5

Although there is a Daf for the day of Tisha B'Av it should not be learned on Tisha B'Av itself. It should be done either prior or after Tisha B'Av instead.


5

If you see the Mishna Brurah in Siman 552 he writes that's from the din of gemara,but regarding minhag its assur from Rosh Chodesh


4

The piyyut is a poetic recreation, rather than an accurate representation of what happened. This is obvious since the Ten Martyrs did not actually live at the same time as one another. As such, this is a poetic statement demonstrating Hashem's conflicted emotions about doing this. He is also crying, and if they press the unfairness and awfulness of this, ...


4

I'm not sure if there is a machlokes. Although the Biur Halacha 554:6 quotes the Pischei Olam that by a cholera epidemic a posek should advise to eat less than a Koseves bichdei achilas pras, that maybe because a) the asker isn't sick yet and b) otherwise the whole fast will be batel in the town (as the biur halacha says himself) (Shu"t Shevet haLevi 4:56). ...


4

Probably the same reason that we don't wear a tallis during Shacharis on Tish'a Be'av: it's based on the Targum to Lam. 2:17, which renders בִּצַּע אֶמְרָתוֹ as בִּזַּע פּוּרְפִירָא דִילֵיהּ - He rent His royal robes. So even though we wear the tallis katan, we "downgrade" it by not acknowledging it as we usually do.


4

Havdalah is said Sunday night after the fast, omitting the blessings on spices and the flame (the latter of which is said on its own next to a flame on Saturday night). (Shulchan Aruch OC 556) Attah Chonantanu is said as usual Saturday night and Shmoneh Esrei is still not repeated if forgotten (OC 294:3)


4

Rabbi Yonosan Eibseshitz address this question in Yaaros Dvash (Chelek 2 Drush 4). As far as I can understand, the simple explanation why a mistaken sanctification by Beis Din was not binding in this case is because (as the Gemora in Rosh Hashana 20a explains) this is not applicable in a case of "מיחזי כשיקרא"; if it appears incorrect to the masses Beis Din ...


4

I got this in an email from a "dailyhalacha" service: During the Nine days (beginning Rosh Chodesh Av) the custom is that one does not wear freshly laundered clothing. Therefore, one should wear all the clothing one will need during the Nine days for a short while (according to many Poskim - 20 minutes), sometime before the start of the Nine ...


4

No, even reviewing is not allowed. Words of Torah are intrinsically "mesamchei lev", make the heart happy and are therefore not permited to be studied on Tisha B'Av. Besides, review can almost inevitably bring to new insights not though of before (ain bais hamedrash b'lo chidush). An easy and meaningful fast to all.


4

You're understating the facts when you say that "we are not supposed to learn Torah, in general from afternoon of Erev Tish'a B'av until after chatzot of Tish'a B'av": we're not allowed until nightfall. Source: Mishna B'rura 554:1. But someone who will read the Torah, even the afternoon reading, is allowed to review it. Source: MB 554:8.



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