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8

Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh - Yalqut Yosef, Siman 109:6 states: ומי שמאריך בתפלתו באופן שהצבור מסיימים להתפלל ערבית, והוא עדיין בתפלתו, ובליל ח' לחודש שהצבור מברך ברכת הלבנה, מפסיד אמירת הברכה ברוב עם, יש לו להשתדל להתרגל לכוין מהר, כדי שיסיים את התפלה ויאמר ברכת הלבנה עם הצבור ברוב עם. אבל אם הצבור מתפלל יותר מדאי במהירות, והוא מתעכב לצורך כוונה הכרחית בביאור ...


7

The division of the land included, among other steps: sending out commissioners to survey it (Josh. 18:4ff) ...and to evaluate the worth of the individual regions and plots of land, to make sure that the division would be equitable (Rashi to Num. 26:54) designating which roads would be private vs. public, depending on their grade (Eruvin 22b) assigning a ...


6

If we count from the mabul we get a different answer. According to this site, the mabul began in 1658, and it lasted a year, so it ended in 1659, 4114 years ago. 4114 is 17 times 242. Cicadas come from the ground when, after their rest period (which varies by species) the ground warms up. I would think that the mabul would have reset that clock and the ...


6

http://hershkow.comeze.com/46.pdf Regarding a old Esrog - Shaalos UTeshuvos Maharil 5 says that it is impossible to maintain its wetness from year to year and therefore it may not be used. Rama Orach Chaim 648 based on this Maharil says it is definitely dry and unusable. However the Bikurei Yaakov (Aruch Laner) says that he saw an Esrog that ...


6

Hello Baal Rishon, and welcome to J.SE. It sounds like there's a very thorny situation underfoot, and this is going to require a real-life expert rabbi. I strongly recommend you contact the experts at the Beth Din of America. May G-d help everyone involved in this difficult matter, and may it be concluded in such a way that the pain to everyone involved ...


6

To posit some sort of "prophetic perfect tense" or the like is entirely superfluous. I am confident that one is unable to grammatically distinguish between regular and "prophetic" usage. However we do find examples where a prophet will speak from a point of view in which a future event is seen as having transpired, see Numbers 24:17 for example. This is ...


5

My great grandfather (in S. Germany) used to save his Lulav from year to year in his coat closet. He would remove the outer leaves and the insides were apparently still fresh enough to be used. For that matter, a lot of the Lulavim and Haddasim that are in the market now, have been in storage for many months. The Shulchan Aruch (based in the Mishna) spells ...


5

In a footnote in this document it states, Iggerot Moshe, Orach Chaim 4:60. Rabbi Feinstein writes that use of timers to automatically regulate machines to perform work forbidden to Jews on Shabbat is generally forbidden, with the exception of turning lights on and off. He believes that use of timers would severely disrupt the Shabbat atmosphere, ...


4

It could be that such a custom exists because the baby needs to be 29.5611 days old and if he was born close to the end of one day, then in the summer when the nights are under 12 hours long, he would not be old enough first thing in the morning. (See R Akiva Eiger to Shach 305:12 and Pitchei Teshuva 305:17 who discuss similar concerns.)


4

Within traditional Jewish sources, the overwhelmingly dominant opinion is that God has absolute knowledge of everything, including the future. As the Talmud (Avos 3:15, as understood by Maimonides) states, "הכל צפוי" - "All is foreseen." There are, of course, many questions and difficulties that can be raised on this topic, which is, admittedly, one that is ...


4

Rav Wosner in Shevet Halevi 1:176 brings from the Bach that it would be mutar as long as it didn't change from its regular look,but one has to know that water from the freezer can pasul it because water makes it rot.see inside for the discussion of kavush. Rav Moshe Feinstein in Igros Moshe OC 1:185 discusses whether an esrog that was frozen can be used ...


4

From the Star-K: If one ate pareve food that was cooked in a fleishig pot, one is not required to wait six hours before eating dairy. However, one may not eat this food together with dairy or reheat it in a dairy pot. For example, if one cooked spaghetti in a fleishig pot he may eat cheese immediately after finishing the spaghetti. However, he may not ...


4

See the באר היטב in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 186, s.q. 8: עד שיתעכל. ושיעור עיכול בשאכילה מועטת הוא כדי הילוך ד' מילין והוא שעה וחומש וכת' המ"א נ"ל דהאי עיכול תחלת עיכול הוא דסוף עיכול הוי' עכ"פ ו' שעות Until [the food] is digested. The measure for digestion for small eating is the time it takes to walk 4 mil, and that is one and one fifth hours. ...


4

One keeps the sabbath — abstains from certain activities and tries to engage in holy pursuits — from sundown Friday to nighttime Saturday, irrespective of his ability to perform the sabbath ceremonies. Such abstentions and pursuits may be subject to your commanding officers' restrictions on you; consult a rabbi for specific questions as they ...


4

"Shifting one's personal clock" and the like -- the example you gave was someone who finds himself in the wilderness and has no sense of what day it is -- the Talmud says he should start some sort of calendar and work with it. That's not applicable to the situation at hand, in which everyone agrees that it's now Friday January 31st 2014 and that sunset is at ...


3

The Zohar recommends examining one's deeds and repenting every night before going to sleep (Korach 178a): הא אוקמו דבכל לילא ולילא, עד לא ישכב ועד לא נאים בעי בר נש למיעבד חושבנא מעובדוי דעבד כל ההוא יומא ויתב מנייהי ויבעי עלייהו רחמי This is cited approvingly by poskim such as the Mateh Moshe (Amud Ha'avoda §829): יעשה כדעת הזוהר וישב קודם שישכב ...


3

There is an opinion that a full lunar cycle must elapse before doing pidyon. One complete cycle takes about 29.5 days. If the baby was born late in the afternoon, and the pidyon haben ceremony is celebrated early in the 31st day, perhaps a complete lunar cycle has not yet elapsed. However, sefaradim hold that one should do pidyon as soon as possible, on the ...


3

As far as conquest, see Exodus 23:29–30 (JPS translation): I will not drive them [=the inhabitants] out from before thee in one year, lest the land become desolate, and the beasts of the field multiply against thee. By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land. I guess conquest took ...


3

Regarding your main question: My question is: If the Geonic tradition is clear on this point, why did some Rishonim require one to wait no matter what? When there was a shift from one era to another, they were accompanied by major shifts in the world as well. One of the main differences between Geonim and Rishonim is the shift towards logical ...


3

Rabbi Eliyahu Dessler, Michtav M'Eliyahu, Vol. II, p. 21 says (here wrt Yom Kippur) “We have already explained that we do not have a token celebration of the Festivals, rather we actually return to each festival’s origin in time; the very same holiness of time that influences us today is the same as when the Festivals were first commemorated. Rav ...


3

I beleive that Rabbi Moshe chaim Luzzatu(הרמח"ל) had a spiral concept of time. "והנה, כיונה (החכמה העליונה) שסוף הסיבוב יהיה תמיד בקודש, ונמצא זה עילוי גדול לכל הימים, שאף על פי שרובם חול ורק חלק אחד משבע הוא הקודש, והוא מה שמצטרך לעולם הזה כמו זכרנו, אמנם מצד אחר, בהיות החלק הזה סוף הסיבוב וחיתומו, נמצא הסיבוב כולו נתקן ומתעלה" (derech hashem) I ...


3

Seder Olam Rabba (written by Rabbi Yose Ben Chalafta in the 2nd century) chapter 3 says that they took 12 months - based on the starting point of your discussion, namely the gathering of the straw, which he writes is normal to do in Iyar (not in the fall). The Mishna in Eduyos 2:10 says the same: משפט המצריים, שנים עשר חודש The judgement of the ...


2

The Da'as Zkeinim (and the Chizkuni) at the beginning of Parshas Noach addresses this issue in a different context - The posuk says תמים by Noach, and the Midrash says (Bereishis Rabba 30:8) that anyone described as such lived to an age the which is the multiple of 7 (full שבוע). Noach's 950 do not add (or divide) up. He answers that he lived this amount ...


2

Rashi comments on the spot that the "one day" refers to the first day. This might refer to something very basic, such as all matter. Later on commentaries say that the potential was created during 6 days as we read in first chapter, then it was realized with help of man's prayer in the order we read in the second chapter - but only after man arrived.


2

1) If you are within a very short time you should say it immediately because Zmanim quotes are often rounded lechumra and may be slightly imprecise based on your exact location, elevation, and the outside weather. Plus there are slightly different opinions about how to calculate the time (how much of the sun needs to be above the horizon to be considered ...


2

O Ch 66 (7) MB 35. As per @msh210's comment, quoting from the middle of the MB, "Ideally one should start the שמונה עשרה together with the קהל and the ש‏"ץ". So if saying extra korbonos etc. means you can't do that, then don't say them. Regarding פסוקי דזמרא and skipping them for the same purpose, see O Ch 52 (1) MB 1 regarding the priority of the ...


2

A get can only be a get from the time that it is actually given, so it cannot be given retroactively. But a dated get can be given with a stipulation that it will not take effect until a certain date or until a certain condition is fulfilled in the future, at which time the get will be effective from the time it was given.


2

My understanding the reason chanukah candles are not required to burn the entire night is tied to the difference between chanukah candles and shabbos candles. Shabbos candles are to provide light and one would expect them to burn a long time (the whole night), but chanukah candles are specifically not to provide light, but to remind us of the miracle that ...


1

The Admor Meostrovtze offers a fascinating explanation as to why Chazal decided that we should light Chanuka candles for specifically half an hour. Each Chanuka a person lights 36 candles in total (excluding the Shamoshim). If we light each candle for half an hour, there is a total of 18 hours of Chanuka candles burning each year. Since a person’s lifespan ...


1

Aruch Hashulchan Yoreh Deah 257 says that according to the Rambam and the Ran one would have done the Aveira of Baal T'acher by Tzedaka immediately if they do not give the Tzedaka right away.



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