Hot answers tagged

33

Yes, there is a history of Jewish communities in Arab countries relying on the Muslim call to prayer for their own praying times. For one such example, here is the Ben Ish Hai, (Hacham Yosef Haim) who lived from 1832-1909 in Baghdad, and who refers to the maghrab (an Islamic prayer-time called after sunset) in various places: Ben Ish Hai, Year 1, ...


15

Moreshet.co.il reports: אך האריז"ל הנהיג להוסיף שלשה פסוקים ראשונים ממזמור צ"ה, "לכו נרננה" וכו', כדי לא לסיים בפורענות - "יצמיתם ה' אלקינו", כעין מה שאמרו חז"ל לגבי הפסקה בקריאת התורה: "ואין מפסיקין בקללות", וכן נוהגים בסיום הקריאה של מגילת איכה, שאחרי הפסוק האחרון "כי אם מאס מאתנו" וכו', חוזרים על הפסוק שלפניו: "השיבנו ה' אליך" וכוו, כדי לא ...


15

Yes. The Jerusalem Talmud (Tractate Megillah) quotes Rav Imi telling his assistant that if a scholar should visit and need to sleep in the Synagogue, he should let him, and allow him to bring his donkey and other objects in as well. This opinion is codified in the Ran in Tractate Megillah. Rav Moshe Feinstein in his Responsa writes, ...


12

Most undertand this to be a prayer for the trait of humility; specifically as expressed by ignoring the abuse of others. This is implied by the Chovos Halevavos (Shaar Hac'nia ch. 10): והששי כי מעשה הנכנע מקובל אצל האלקים...וחשוב בו תמיד והשתדל לקנותו ופקדהו עם נפשך ומדותיך תדיר והעזר באלקים עליו ושאל אותו ממנו להתקרב אליו ולהגיע לרצונו אולי יישירך ...


11

The Gra writes (Shenot Eliyahu to Brachot 1:1) that you have to read Shema yourself and you cannot fulfill your obligation by listening to another. (This is not universally agreed to, but see the next point.) As for the blessings, the whole point of having a Chazzan starting from (just before) Barchu is for him to recite the blessings of Keriat Shema out ...


7

Daf Al Hadaf brings this question from Kovetz Bais Hillel He brings a few answers, two of them are below. Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach answers that when Jews went to Jerusalem for Succos they were still wearing summer clothing and were unprepared for rain. However when they went for Pesach they wore winter clothing and were able to travel even in the rain. ...


7

One interpretation is that given by Tosafos (B'rachos 17a, s.v. ונפשי כעפר): ונפשי כעפר לכל תהיה. מה עפר אינו מקבל כליה לעולם כן יהי רצון שזרעי לא יכלה לעולם כמו שהוא אומר והיה זרעך כעפר הארץ Translation: "And may my soul be like dirt/dust to all": Just as the dirt can never be destroyed, so may it be Your will that my progeny is never destroyed, ...


7

Two variants of Shalom Rav was found in the Cairo Geniza. Given the similarities between Cairo and Israeli nusachos, it is assumed to have been the Nusach Eretz Yisrael in the days of the tannaim and Israeli amora'im. Another indication is that Nusach Provence, the berakhah was always "Shalom Rav". The Provencial community, which was a true center of Jewish ...


7

The Beit Yosef (OC 46) writes (quoting Sefer Abudirham): השבוי מברך שלא עשאני עבד שלא תקנו ברכה זו מפני העבדות עצמה, אלא מפני שאין העבד חייב במצות כישראל ואינו ראוי לבא בקהל ופסול לכמה דברים.‏ One who is captured blesses "SheLo Asani Eved" for [our sages] did not enact this blessing because of the work itself, but rather because a slave is not ...


6

The proprietors of goDaven were kind enough to supply me, for the purposes of answering this question, with their table of 5,960 mincha and/or maariv services. I used a Perl script to extract 1,046 where weekday mincha both preceded maariv and was listed as a certain number of minutes before sunset, p'lag, tzes, or candle-lighting time. Because some times ...


6

Yaaleh VeYavo (literally: it should go up and come) are the first unique words of an paragraph inserted into all non-Musaf prayers (ie. Shemoneh Esrei/Amida) as well as the Grace After Meals on biblical Jewish holidays (that is, Rosh HaShana, Yom Kippur, Sukkot (all 7 days), Shemini Atzeret, Pesach (all 7 days), Shavuot, and Rosh Chodesh). You can find a ...


6

Not to disagree with anyone, but if we look to the example of Rabbi Akiva as stated explicitly in Brachot 61b, it says that he fulfilled the mitzvah of Kriat Shema by ending on the word "Echod" at the end of the first posuk only. It explains that as he was dieing during his execution, he explained to his students that he had waited all his life to fulfill ...


6

There are two answers to this question both found in Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deah 157 seen here. First, see the Ramma who says that the type decree which necessitates giving up one's life is only a decree leveled against jews alone, עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל לְבַדָּם, not a decree which includes other people as well, as Shach #6 there explains. And as wiki says: ...


6

Shulchan Aruch 127:2 The Rema says that we say Sim Shalom any time we have a tefilah that is fitting for the blessing of the Kohanim to be included. This is based on the end of the discussion of the Shemoneh Esrey in Talmud Megillah 18. The Amidah should end with a longer and more specific blessing of Shalom to end the tefilah. Mishnah Berurah to 127:2 ...


6

In answer to your last question: Rav Shamshon Raphael Hirsch, in his commentary on Bereishis parshas VaYera chapter 20 verse 7, poses a question, "How could Chazal have expected millions of people, 3 times a day, to all, in unison, to beseech haShem for 12 things (the middle section of the Amidah) all at once at the same time of day, 3 times a day!" He ...


6

According to R. Amnon Bazak, there is no source, and it in fact goes against tradition. Although the custom to recite "Parshat ha-Man" appears in the first siman of Shulchan Aruch, there it is a practice for every day, "in order that one should believe that his food comes with divine providence." This practice was not widely accepted. Some poskim quote a ...


5

The Mishna Brura 104:10 rules that a "hefsek tfila" (a pause in prayer) is only speaking and not walking. So in case of need (he speaks of danger), it is permitted to move and pick up prayer from the new location, but one should not speak. If there is no need, then one should not change his place. The poskim in Israel say clearly that in case of danger ...


5

The Interlinear Artscroll Siddur (Ashkenaz) has a footnote on those verses (page 227) that reads: The next three verses are not part of the psalm of the day, and are not recited in all congregations. They are the beginning of the next psalm and are recited because of their inspiring message that is an apt climax to the song of the day. No source ...


5

The same rule applies both nights (ShA OC 422:1). (Indeed while this seems to be explicit in the Gemara (Brachot 30b), the Beit Yosef (ibid.) notes with amazement that the Orchot Chayim quotes two rabbis who disagreed and required going back on the second night.) Mishna Berura (ibid. sk 3) explains that each day of Rosh Chodesh doesn't affect the other as ...


5

The Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 37:2 writes that the primary time of having Tefillin on is for Kri'as Shema and Shemoneh Esrei: מכל מקום צריך כל אדם ליזהר בהם להיותם עליו בשעת קריאת שמע ותפלה However, in O.C. 25:13, the Shulchan Aruch writes to have them on until the end of the kedusha following uva letzion. The Rema argues and writes that you take them ...


5

There is indeed at least unnamed but very early Rabbi who believed this prayer to be proof that there's no prohibition of praying to angels. See the responsum published by Simcha Emanuel in Hamayaan, Tishrei 5758. (This article attributes the same responsum to R. Eliezer Rokeach, though this is not necessarily correct). Also, before answering the question ...


5

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 204:4 records a custom to lead the prayers during the time when a mourner is saying Kaddish. This is the "obligation" you are hearing about. In terms of which ones trump others, the rules in practice are to follow the same rules as with Kaddish itself (see here and here). In larger communities you will see people try to make a second ...


5

There are plenty of references. I will bring but a few: In the Gemara (Yerushalmi, 3, 8) we find that this day has special power. There Rabi Yehoshua ben Levi says Amalek would practice sourcery ... not easily would someone fall on his birthday ... what did Moses do? he suffled the fortunes... (and many Mefarshim provide insight on that Gemara, amongst ...


5

The shul you were attending seemed to have been following the custom of the Vilna Gaon. Rabbi A Grossman has an article entitled The Vilna Gaon’s Psalms for Special Days. Some extracts: ...the Vilna Gaon was faced with a conflict. Like Maimonides, he believed that the public prayers officially ended with the reader’s full qaddish, what we call ...


5

The previous answer does touch on the point that this was a declaration to excuse those placed in cherem (excommunication). See this comprehensive article that discusses the topic as well as how some of the ideas crossed over into the Kol Nidre paragraph that follows in the service. Much of the article has English translation. Feel free to contact me ...


5

The OP asks: "Is/was animal sacrifice the only means of seeking forgiveness?" Answer: No, animal sacrifice is not the only means in the Torah (Tanach) to seek forgiveness from G-d. Examples of other things and ideas that can be used to seek forgiveness, from Scripture: 1) A bag of flour: Leviticus 5:1-13 covers the sacrifice known as "Olah V"Yored" or a ...


5

According to Talmud (Berachot 60b), the morning blessings are each said associated with specific acts of getting up in the morning: "כי פתח עיניה לימא: "ברוך פוקח עורים"; כי תריץ ויתיב לימא: "ברוך מתיר אסורים When he opens his eyes let him say: "Blessed... Who openest the eyes of the blind." When he straightens himself and sits up let him say : ...


5

I had a similar problem; when I started taking Judaism seriously I tried to do everything. And I wasn't ready, so I stumbled through prayers I didn't comprehend, that took me forever because I was learning the language, and it was frustrating. My rabbi advised me to back off; doing less, but doing it consistently, was more important than doing everything, ...


5

Linguistically, either there is no connection, or they are closely related, depending on which root you decide is being employed. Ernest Klein's Etymological Dictionary (page 654) has 2 separate words spelled שיח. One is "speak, talk, converse" and is traced to the Arabic (was diligent) and is also spelled with a samech. The other means a shrub, traced to ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible