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9

I heard once in a recording from R. Y.S. Schorr that Shamai represented a middas hadin, an exacting attitude of strict justice (as is evidenced by those very stories). His measuring stick was a display of just that point - everything had to be measured and exactly according to what was deserved.


9

Rashi Shavuos 2b - a bit more than halfway down says that Stam Rabbi Shimon is Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai Rashbam Bava Basra 102a - towards the bottom of the page also says that Stam Rabbi Shimon is Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai


8

Depends on what you mean by "Tanna". Generally, in classic sources, the Anshei K'nesses HaGedola refers to the generation of Ezra and Nechemya that built the new community in Israel. Then Shimon HaTzaddik was the last surviving member of that generation. (This creates some chronology problems, but let's take this as a given anyway.) The Tannaim is the name ...


7

Toldos Tanaim Vamoraim - page 286 says that there is no record of his death anywhere, however he outlived Hillel based on a Gemara in Bava Basra 133b.


6

The Tzla'ch in Berachot 26b says the גמרא can't ask on Rebbe Yehoshua ben Levi from a ברייתא because he lived at the end of the Tannayic era and, therefore can argue on a ברייתא


6

The Chassam Sofer says that Shammai was actually a builder by trade. He wanted to show this apikores that there is more to religion than just kindness to your fellow, its possible to be a talmid chacham and a builder. Whereas Hillel said that you can learn on one foot, i.e. kindness, but don't forget that includes kindness to Hashem which means keeping His ...


5

I believe (though I haven't seen my proof quoted in any sefer1) that "יוסי" is a derivative of "יוסף." See the Gemara Bava Metzia, 117a (last few narrow lines), where there is a discussion about a leak in a multi-story apartment building, whether the guy living on the bottom (who is getting damaged by the water) needs to repair it, or if the guy on top ...


5

The מגיד תעלומה suggests that you cannot say that רבי אבא is רב in this case, because further on רב is quoted by רב חננאל as taking a different view. The יפה תלמוד ג"ח suggests that in this case, רבינו is רבינו הקדוש for the same reason - רב being quoted further on as contradicting this din. The עטרת שאול discusses this at length, suggesting different ...


4

Otzar Chaim - Rabbi Chaim Yehuda Ehrenreich ponders this question and offers a few possible solutions. 1 - Seder Hadoros - page 262 top left writes that he married another wife who was the daughter of Zariz. 2 - Since it says Ben Chamav - perhaps there are three generations here, Rabbi Yehoshua, his father Zariz, Zariz's father - whom was the father-in-law ...


4

According to Tosafos Yeshanim at the end of Maseches Yoma, stam Rabi Yosei is Rabi Yosei ben Chalafta. So I'll point out these ideas from here http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8789-jose-ben-halafta Which point to him being non-affiliated with either school. It is very likely that he studied much under his father, Ḥalafta, whose authority he ...


3

The destruction of the temple was in ~70 CE and the Bar Kochba revolt was ~130 CE. Even if Yehudah Ben Beseira straddled the destruction, it would seem to be a stretch to call him a contemporary of Akiva. The Yerushalmi Talmud on the story in Pesachim 3b lists him only as Ben Beseira. Since presumably he was living in Israel at the time, this is more ...


3

End of first exile to early second temple era. Begining The Gemara Megillah 2a says that they were involved in instituting Purim and the Gemara there (17b) says that their ranks included some prophets which means that they existed by the end of the first galus (exile). They dont seem to have existed much before that because the first mishna is avos writes ...


2

The art scroll gemoro (104b English page 3) says that the gemoro is not saying that "Rabbi Yosi is the Tanna Kama", it is saying that in effect he is saying the same thing as the Tana Kama, so why is he in the Mishna. Footnote 23 says that the hava amina (you might think) that this particular mishna is saying that the Tanna Kamma contends that Bais Shamai ...


2

As far as I have understood from speaking to Rebbeim, R' Chiya was a teacher of Baraisos. He was not himself a Tanna. Baraisas that went through the academy of R' Chiya were assumed to be authoritative. However, if R' Chiya taught something which had no reference or hint to it in the Mishna, it is assumed that it is a mistake. R' Chiya is not talking on ...


2

I'll get this one started: it started with the building of the Second Temple -- ~2500 years ago. It ended in the times of Shimon HaTzadik, who was a contemporary of Alexander the Great. I don't know enough about why/how it disbanded. Rambam's introduction to his Yad Hachazaka: ז בית דינו של עזרא, הם הנקראין אנשי כנסת הגדולה. והם חגיי זכריה ומלאכי, ...


2

See Kovetz Shiurim (Bava Basra 633)


1

Wikipedia based on Gemara Chagiga 22b says that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Chananya followed Bais Hillel. רבי יהושע סבר היה מבית הלל ("בושני מדבריכם בית שמאי" - חגיגה כב:). לכן הוא מיקל יותר, מתחשב במציאות, מעדיף את הכמות, את הבפועל , ומקרב גרים.


1

We see from Bava Metsiah 84b that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Karcha learned in the beit midrash of Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel in Usha (of the fourth generation). Since the latter is a direct descendent of Hillel, we can reasonably assume that his beit midrash taught according to Beit Hillel. This would make Rabbi Yehoshua ben Karcha a member of Beit Hillel. More ...


1

See the beginning of Hazahav in Bava Metzia 44a מתני ליה רבי לרבי שמעון בריה הזהב קונה את הכסף א'ל רבי שנית לנו בילדותיך הכסף קונה את הזהב ותחזור ותשנה לנו בזקנותיך הזהב קונה את הכסף בילדותיה מאי. סבר ובזקנותיה מאי סבר בילדותיה סבר etc. It is apparent at least that Rabi Yehuda Hannasi last edited the Mishna when he was a old. We also see that he was not ...



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