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12

There is no record of the membership of Beis Shammai, or Beis Hillel for that matter. The Babylonian Talmud tells us a bit about Beis Hillel -- e.g. Sukkos 28a and Bava Basra 134a record the number of Hillel's disciples as 80 (see also Yeurshalmi Talmud, Nedarim 39b), and both sources mention two of them by name, Yonasan ben Uzziel and Yochanan ben Zakkai, ...


9

Rashi Shavuos 2b - a bit more than halfway down says that Stam Rabbi Shimon is Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai Rashbam Bava Basra 102a - towards the bottom of the page also says that Stam Rabbi Shimon is Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai


9

I heard once in a recording from R. Y.S. Schorr that Shamai represented a middas hadin, an exacting attitude of strict justice (as is evidenced by those very stories). His measuring stick was a display of just that point - everything had to be measured and exactly according to what was deserved.


8

Depends on what you mean by "Tanna". Generally, in classic sources, the Anshei K'nesses HaGedola refers to the generation of Ezra and Nechemya that built the new community in Israel. Then Shimon HaTzaddik was the last surviving member of that generation. (This creates some chronology problems, but let's take this as a given anyway.) The Tannaim is the name ...


7

It was R' Masya ben Charash. The Tanchuma (Chukas) relates the story you mention, except it says that he burned his eyes (he didn't stab them). The story is related in the Hebrew Wikipedia article (fn. 14).


7

Rabbi S.R. Hirsch writes that the story cannot be understood like this, because then the vote would be meaningless. He explains that Beis Hillel had been refusing a formal vote, and Beis Shammai on that day gathered outside the building and forcefully prevented Beis Hillel from leaving until a vote was held. Beis Hillel were the majority, but Beis Shammai ...


7

Toldos Tanaim Vamoraim - page 286 says that there is no record of his death anywhere, however he outlived Hillel based on a Gemara in Bava Basra 133b.


7

Pshat At the simplest level, he was acting in a manner akin to the zaken mamre or "rebellious elder" (Deuteronomy 17:12). As the Gemara in Sanhedrin explains, a member of the Sanhedrin is allowed, and encouraged, to express a dissenting opinion. However, once the Sanhedrin votes and his opinion is determined to be the minority, he may still: Personally ...


6

The Tzla'ch in Berachot 26b says the גמרא can't ask on Rebbe Yehoshua ben Levi from a ברייתא because he lived at the end of the Tannayic era and, therefore can argue on a ברייתא


6

The Chassam Sofer says that Shammai was actually a builder by trade. He wanted to show this apikores that there is more to religion than just kindness to your fellow, its possible to be a talmid chacham and a builder. Whereas Hillel said that you can learn on one foot, i.e. kindness, but don't forget that includes kindness to Hashem which means keeping His ...


6

Bava Ben Buta was a student of Beis Shammai, however he accepted the ruling of Beis Hillel והיה שם זקן אחד מתלמידי שמאי הזקן ובבא בן בוטא שמו (Beitzah 20a)


6

You can try this pdf of its text: http://lemidrash.free.fr/JudaismeChristianisme/huldreich.pdf


6

Per מסכת עירובין דף יג עמוד ב he was not called Rabbi Meir because he was blind. He was known as Rabbi Meir although his real name was Rabbi Nehorai due to the fact that he enlightened the Chachomim in Halacha. "תנא: לא רבי מאיר שמו אלא רבי נהוראי שמו, ולמה נקרא שמו רבי מאיר - שהוא מאיר עיני חכמים בהלכה" There is also a Gemara מסכת מגילה דף יח עמוד ב which ...


5

The Rambam mentions him in the הקדמה to משניות in his list of people mentioned in the משנה as "someone mentioned but not for his views in אסור והיתר". R' Sherira Gaon lists him as the same generation as Rav and Shmuel, but does not list him as one of the people how is both a Tanna and an Amora. it would seem that R' Sherira hold that he is not a Tanna.


5

I believe (though I haven't seen my proof quoted in any sefer1) that "יוסי" is a derivative of "יוסף." See the Gemara Bava Metzia, 117a (last few narrow lines), where there is a discussion about a leak in a multi-story apartment building, whether the guy living on the bottom (who is getting damaged by the water) needs to repair it, or if the guy on top ...


5

The מגיד תעלומה suggests that you cannot say that רבי אבא is רב in this case, because further on רב is quoted by רב חננאל as taking a different view. The יפה תלמוד ג"ח suggests that in this case, רבינו is רבינו הקדוש for the same reason - רב being quoted further on as contradicting this din. The עטרת שאול discusses this at length, suggesting different ...


4

The Talmud (Avodah Zarah 17B-18A) tells us that heaven decreed Chanania ben Teradion's death for using G-d's 42 letter name. See this answer as well.


4

I found the following today: Rashi in Niddah Daf 18b says that R' Yehoshua Ben Levi was an Amorah, שמעתתא. ר' יהושע בן לוי אמורא הוא See here.


4

The traditional argument is explored and defended at length here and the subsequent links in the series. No one claims that the entirety of the Zohar as we have it was written by Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai (and no one says that he actually wrote as opposed to taught orally any of it). It would seem rather repetitive to restate all the arguments there, but the ...


4

I was always taught that the Mishna is the most authoritative because it was redacted while the braisos were deliberately left out of that text, and this becomes apparent when learning gemara because amoraim following braisos are challenged by quoting mishnayos but rarely the other way around. However the only print source I can think of off hand is The ...


4

According to Tosafos Yeshanim at the end of Maseches Yoma, stam Rabi Yosei is Rabi Yosei ben Chalafta. So I'll point out these ideas from here http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8789-jose-ben-halafta Which point to him being non-affiliated with either school. It is very likely that he studied much under his father, Ḥalafta, whose authority he ...


4

Otzar Chaim - Rabbi Chaim Yehuda Ehrenreich ponders this question and offers a few possible solutions. 1 - Seder Hadoros - page 262 top left writes that he married another wife who was the daughter of Zariz. 2 - Since it says Ben Chamav - perhaps there are three generations here, Rabbi Yehoshua, his father Zariz, Zariz's father - whom was the father-in-law ...


3

Shabbas 147b - Rabbi Nehorai is either Rabbi Nechemya or Rabbi Elazar Ben Aruch Eiruvin 13b - Rabbi Meir's real name is Rabbi Nehorai(see however Kiddushin 82 where Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Nehorai are in the same mishna with different opinions) and the gemera then brings down the same gemara as in Shabbas 147b about Rabbi Nechemya and Rabbi Elazar ben Aruch ...


3

End of first exile to early second temple era. Begining The Gemara Megillah 2a says that they were involved in instituting Purim and the Gemara there (17b) says that their ranks included some prophets which means that they existed by the end of the first galus (exile). They dont seem to have existed much before that because the first mishna is avos writes ...


3

The destruction of the temple was in ~70 CE and the Bar Kochba revolt was ~130 CE. Even if Yehudah Ben Beseira straddled the destruction, it would seem to be a stretch to call him a contemporary of Akiva. The Yerushalmi Talmud on the story in Pesachim 3b lists him only as Ben Beseira. Since presumably he was living in Israel at the time, this is more ...


2

There is a Sefer called "Otzer HaMedreshim" (I know it's rather "general" but that's what it's called!) that I once saw that brings down the story about Shimon HaKeifeh (also known by different names) who is the one that you are referring to (based on Dr. Leiman's article on this issue and the sources cited there -- The Baruch Tam being probably the main and ...


2

There are lots of different editions, non are canonical http://archive.org/stream/sefertoledotyes00unkngoog#page/n5/mode/2up http://www.essene.com/History&Essenes/toled.htm


2

here are some texts to start with http://www.bitethewaxtadpole.org/ninth.htm http://www.bitethewaxtadpole.org/frenkel.jpg (tav kuf pey) http://www.bitethewaxtadpole.org/simon%20peter.htm http://www.geocities.ws/ffbrosends/



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