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10

There is no record of the membership of Beis Shammai, or Beis Hillel for that matter. The Babylonian Talmud tells us a bit about Beis Hillel -- e.g. Sukkos 28a and Bava Basra 134a record the number of Hillel's disciples as 80 (see also Yeurshalmi Talmud, Nedarim 39b), and both sources mention two of them by name, Yonasan ben Uzziel and Yochanan ben Zakkai, ...


7

It was R' Masya ben Charash. The Tanchuma (Chukas) relates the story you mention, except it says that he burned his eyes (he didn't stab them). The story is related in the Hebrew Wikipedia article (fn. 14).


7

Pshat At the simplest level, he was acting in a manner akin to the zaken mamre or "rebellious elder" (Deuteronomy 17:12). As the Gemara in Sanhedrin explains, a member of the Sanhedrin is allowed, and encouraged, to express a dissenting opinion. However, once the Sanhedrin votes and his opinion is determined to be the minority, he may still: Personally ...


6

Per מסכת עירובין דף יג עמוד ב he was not called Rabbi Meir because he was blind. He was known as Rabbi Meir although his real name was Rabbi Nehorai due to the fact that he enlightened the Chachomim in Halacha. "תנא: לא רבי מאיר שמו אלא רבי נהוראי שמו, ולמה נקרא שמו רבי מאיר - שהוא מאיר עיני חכמים בהלכה" There is also a Gemara מסכת מגילה דף יח עמוד ב which ...


5

The Rambam mentions him in the הקדמה to משניות in his list of people mentioned in the משנה as "someone mentioned but not for his views in אסור והיתר". R' Sherira Gaon lists him as the same generation as Rav and Shmuel, but does not list him as one of the people how is both a Tanna and an Amora. it would seem that R' Sherira hold that he is not a Tanna.


5

Rabbi S.R. Hirsch writes that the story cannot be understood like this, because then the vote would be meaningless. He explains that Beis Hillel had been refusing a formal vote, and Beis Shammai on that day gathered outside the building and forcefully prevented Beis Hillel from leaving until a vote was held. Beis Hillel were the majority, but Beis Shammai ...


5

R. Guttentag in his sefer Tal Oros Vol.1 here in his in-depth essay about Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai explains that the students of Beis Shammai in this story refer to some of the young hotheads who suspected that the opinion of the students of Beis Hillel came from a corrupt Torah outlook, and thus considered them rebels against the Torah and so they ...


4

The Talmud (Avodah Zarah 17B-18A) tells us that heaven decreed Chanania ben Teradion's death for using G-d's 42 letter name. See this answer as well.


4

Bava Ben Buta was a student of Beis Shammai, however he accepted the ruling of Beis Hillel והיה שם זקן אחד מתלמידי שמאי הזקן ובבא בן בוטא שמו (Beitzah 20a)


4

I was always taught that the Mishna is the most authoritative because it was redacted while the braisos were deliberately left out of that text, and this becomes apparent when learning gemara because amoraim following braisos are challenged by quoting mishnayos but rarely the other way around. However the only print source I can think of off hand is The ...


3

I found the following today: Rashi in Niddah Daf 18b says that R' Yehoshua Ben Levi was an Amorah, שמעתתא. ר' יהושע בן לוי אמורא הוא See here.


3

Shabbas 147b - Rabbi Nehorai is either Rabbi Nechemya or Rabbi Elazar Ben Aruch Eiruvin 13b - Rabbi Meir's real name is Rabbi Nehorai(see however Kiddushin 82 where Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Nehorai are in the same mishna with different opinions) and the gemera then brings down the same gemara as in Shabbas 147b about Rabbi Nechemya and Rabbi Elazar ben Aruch ...


3

The sefer תולדות תנאים ואמורים here writes that every Rosh Yeshiva had one or more "Tannaim", even in the latter period of the Amoraim, whose job it was to be the resident expert in all the Baraissos (Tannaic teachings) by heart, so that whenever a Baraissa (which were generally learned by heart) was needed he was like a living book and would be able to ...


2

The traditional argument is explored and defended at length here and the subsequent links in the series. No one claims that the entirety of the Zohar as we have it was written by Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai (and no one says that he actually wrote as opposed to taught orally any of it). It would seem rather repetitive to restate all the arguments there, but the ...


2

There are lots of different editions, non are canonical http://archive.org/stream/sefertoledotyes00unkngoog#page/n5/mode/2up http://www.essene.com/History&Essenes/toled.htm


2

here are some texts to start with http://www.bitethewaxtadpole.org/ninth.htm http://www.bitethewaxtadpole.org/frenkel.jpg (tav kuf pey) http://www.bitethewaxtadpole.org/simon%20peter.htm http://www.geocities.ws/ffbrosends/


2

There is a Sefer called "Otzer HaMedreshim" (I know it's rather "general" but that's what it's called!) that I once saw that brings down the story about Shimon HaKeifeh (also known by different names) who is the one that you are referring to (based on Dr. Leiman's article on this issue and the sources cited there -- The Baruch Tam being probably the main and ...



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