Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

26

Either what was posted on that forum is about half-correct, or your understanding of what was said was about half-correct. Traditional Judaism does believe that "[H]oly texts are the revealed word of the divine and thus cannot ever be contradicted by modern research, philosophy or belief systems." It is not true "[t]hat it is understood that the scripture ...


22

I agree with the answer Daniel gave, but I would clarify things slightly differently. 1) Orthodox Judaism believes that the Torah is the literal Word of G-d. This is one of the Thirteen Principles of Faith as brought down by Maimonides: "We do not know exactly how the Torah was transmitted to Moses. But when it was transmitted, Moses merely wrote it ...


15

I did some calculations and came up with the top 5 for each sefer in Tanach, along with the top twenty overall. I also provided my list of top 10 for Torah and Tehillim for comparison with AvnerMil's. For the Tanach source, i used Mechon Mamre's niqqudless Tanach. The code is available here on GitHub Gists. Comes with a README explaining how to run it. ...


12

Scrolls found in Ketef Hinnom contain the priestly blessing (of Numbers ch. 6) as preserved from the First Temple Era (700-650 BCE) The Isaiah scroll found in Qumran: "has been carbon-14 dated at least four times, giving calibrated date ranges between 335-324 BC and 202-107 BC; there have also been numerous paleographic and scribal dating studies placing ...


11

Does Vayikro (Leviticus) 19:34 suit? כְּאֶזְרָח מִכֶּם יִהְיֶה לָכֶם הַגֵּר | הַגָּר אִתְּכֶם וְאָהַבְתָּ לוֹ כָּמוֹךָ כִּי גֵרִים הֱיִיתֶם בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם אֲנִי יְקוָֹק אֱלֹקיכֶם The stranger who sojourns with you shall be as a native from among you, and you shall love him as yourself; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. I am ...


9

Judaism doesn't have a concept of defiling holy books in that sense. They have to be treated respectfully, but even if they weren't (and your case really isn't such an example) they don't lose their status.


8

I don't know if it counts as a study, but how about a relevant textbook? The book Biblical Hebrew for Students of Modern Israeli Hebrew looks like it will help you. It's used in the rabbinic program at Hebrew Union College and probably other places (though I only have first-hand knowledge of HUC). Several non-yeshiva programs I'm aware of start by ...


8

Highly recommended is The Living Torah by the late Rabbi Arye Kaplan. It's translated into modern English - no thee, thy and thou. He brings numerous interpretations in the footnotes where available. He has broken each chapter into sub-chapters - each with its own heading. He brings lots of maps and charts and images. Apparently it's online here. ...


8

There are actually several places in the Pentateuch where this idea is mentioned, e.g.: Exodus 12:49 תּוֹרָה אַחַת יִהְיֶה לָאֶזְרָח וְלַגֵּר הַגָּר בְּתוֹכְכֶם - One law shall be to him that is native, and unto the sojourner that sojourneth among you. Leviticus 19:34 כְּאֶזְרָח מִכֶּם יִהְיֶה לָכֶם הַגֵּר הַגָּר אִתְּכֶם וְאָהַבְתָּ לוֹ ...


8

Just searching around in Torat Emet finds a few mentions of different months, in Tanach, besides for Adar: Nissan Esther 3:7 Nechemiah 2:1 Sivan Esther 8:9 Tammuz Yechezkel 8:14 (kidding) Elul Nechemiah 6:15 Kislev Nechemiah 1:1 Zechariah 7:1 Teves Esther 2:16 Shevat Zechariah 1:7 NB: This list may be incomplete.


7

This answer is a summary of Rabbi Jachter's writeup on this subject. He provides four (and a half) justifications for why putting pesukim to music is permissible. The first is that the prohibition was only for Shir Hashirim, because if it is put to music, it is more prone to being misinterpreted as a simple love song. (suggested but not accepted by Igrot ...


7

For a Jewish translation of Nach (Tanach minus the Five Books of Moses) with a compendium of commentaries, I recommend the Judaica Press Prophets and Writings1. I have found that its English summary of commentaries on each verse reliably includes readable paraphrases or direct translations of the most interesting or useful comments of the classical ...


6

From the Ohr Somayach "Ask the Rabbi" site: We see evidence that Adam spoke Hebrew because he gave Eve two names, each of which makes sense only in Hebrew. He called her isha (woman) because "she was taken from ish (man)," and he called her Chava (Eve) because "she was to be Mother of all chai (life)." The very name Adam is from the Hebrew word ...


6

One way to know that it is substantially the same is by comparing it to the Samaritan Pentateuch which is considered to date sometime between the end of the first temple period up until as late as the Hasmonean period. While technically, there are some 6000 variations between the two versions, most are basically minor spelling or grammatical variations and ...


6

I've always thought that Yosef was making a joke when interpreting the baker's dream. He tells the butler ישא פרעה את ראשך - Pharaoh will "lift up your head", meaning, restore him to his position. He then tells the baker ישא פרעה את ראשך מעליך - Pharaoh will "lift up your head" from on you, an unusual way of saying he'll be hanged. Because of the similarity ...


6

The Ibn Ezra (cited by the Malbim as being in Parshas Bo, but I assume he means to refer to his comments to Shemos 3:15) explains that ה' צבא-ות refers to Hashem being the upholder of the צבא השמים. The Radak to Yeshaya 6:3 says that it refers to the armies on High and below. The Malbim to Yeshaya 6:3 (you can see it here), in explaining the line ק' ק' ק' ...


6

You might want to check out the ArtScroll Stone Chumash (no, it's not written on rocks). It contains all of the Torah in Hebrew with a translation, plus Rashi in Hebrew. But what really makes it good for you is the rest of the commentary. They anthologize a whole bunch of the classic Rabbinic commentaries, in English. They of course cite whoever they are ...


5

There are 304,805 letters in the Torah. There are 79,976 words in the Torah. There are 5,888 or 5,845 verses in the Torah. Bereishit (Genesis) 12 Sidrot 50 Chapters 1,534 Verses Shmot (Exodus) 11 Sidrot 40 Chapter 1,209 Verses Vayikra (Leviticus) 10 Sidrot 27 Chapters 859 Verses Bamidbar (Numbers) 10 Sidrot 36 Chapters 1,288 ...


5

Yes. It is possible to view digital copies of some of the scrolls on this website, which is maintained by the Israel Antiquities Authority. I don't know if they have all the scrolls yet, but I believe that they intend to have all of them up there, eventually.


5

It's not only this imperative verb that has an "extra" suffixed ה. See also הִשָּׁבְעָה in B'reshis 21:23, מִכְרָה‎ in 25:31, שִׁכְבָה in 39:7, and many other imperatives. See Gesenius, ¶48i. In ¶48e he writes that this form expresses the direction of the will to an action and thus denotes especially self-encouragement (in the 1st plur. an exhortation to ...


5

As msh210 already pointed out, the form שִׁלְחָה is not the feminine construct, it is actually the masculine emphatic imperative. As to why Tanach uses the emphatic imperative rather than the normal one, there is an excellent article by Fassberg which discusses this. It appears that the emphatic imperative שִׁלְחָה is used when the action of the verb is ...


5

The prohibition against adding and subtracting applies only to the mitzvot (commandments). The Torah itself informs us that prophecy would continue after Moses and gives us commandments on how to recognize a true prophet (Deut. 18:15-22). Inclusion in the canon (the only books we would consider Biblical) is a recognition that the work was written under ...


5

Chida in Shem Hagedolim (page 7 of the file) quotes Seder Hadoros, who says that the commentary on Iyov isn't from Rashi. On that same page he also quotes someone who claims that none of the commentary on Neviim is from Rashi, although he disagrees with that.


5

As noted in this answer, the Stone Chumash is a good starting point. It brings classical Jewish commentaries, verse by verse. This is one example of a category. A chumash is an edition of the five books of torah with (Jewish) commentaries. Lots of editors have published them; the commentaries included vary. (A book that included all the commentaries ...


5

There are four ways of writing a paragraph break in the Torah text: 1) xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 2) xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 3) ...


4

The source you are looking for is the Rambam's responsa (§149), where the Rambam writes: השאלה הל"א שאלה מאמר ר' יוחנן גוי שעסק בתורה חייב מיתה, האם זה הלכה והחייב כל בר ישראל להמנע (מללמדו) דבר מן המצות חוץ משבע מצות או להעמידו עליהן, אם לאו? התשובה היא הלכה בלא ספק. וכאשר יד ישראל תקיפה עליהם, מונעים אותו מתלמוד תורה עד שיתגייר. אבל לא יהרג, אם ...


4

I don't think there is any single "most common way", as i've personally seen several. Some chumashim will print the ktiv without vowels, and the kri next to it. Others will do the same, but in small print, write קרי and כתיב. Still others will only include the ktiv (without vowels) in the text, and have a note in the margin with the kri. Others use the ...


4

Sanhedrin 101a תנו רבנן הקורא פסוק של שיר השירים ועושה אותו כמין זמר והקורא פסוק בבית משתאות בלא זמנו מביא רעה לעולם מפני שהתורה חוגרת שק ועומדת לפני הקב"ה ואומרת לפניו רבונו של עולם עשאוני בניך ככנור שמנגנין בו לצים ה"ג הקורא שיר השירים ועושה אותו כמין זמר. שקורא בנגינה אחרת שאינו נקוד בה ועושה אותה כמין שיר אע"פ שמשיר השירים הוא ועיקרו שיר אסור ...


4

The fifth chapter of Avos says one hallmark of a chacham, wise person, is that mode al haemes, he acknowledges the truth. Rashi says this refers to someone who has erred and acknowledges a correction.


4

At least two words in Tanach are tied for the longest word, at 11 letters each: וְהָאֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנִים in Esther 9:3, and וּכְתוֹעֲבוֹתֵיהֶן in Yechezkel 16:47 (source).



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible