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16

A common commentary to the Yerushalmi that serves a similar function to Rashi is the Penei Moshe written by Rabbi Moshe Margolis. A volume from the Talmud Yerushalmi with his commentary can be seen here. Other commentaries that follow a similar pattern are Korban Ha'edah by Rabbi David Frankel and Chiddushei Ridvaz by Rabbi Yaakov David Willowsky. These are ...


9

Rashi Shavuos 2b - a bit more than halfway down says that Stam Rabbi Shimon is Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai Rashbam Bava Basra 102a - towards the bottom of the page also says that Stam Rabbi Shimon is Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai


8

Basar Shenitalem Min Ha'ayin would be an example of this: The Gemara Bavli in Hullin 95a and 95b, rules that the thing we are worried about is an animal (according to rashi a raven, according to the rambam "a wild animal or vermin" (my rough translation)) switching the meat. The gemara holds that this doesn't apply if it was in the hands of a non-Jew -- ...


7

The single best place for online texts, commentaries and shiurim relating to Yerushalmi is definitely http://www.yerushalmionline.org/ They have daf yomi recordings for all of the Yerushalmi from shiurim given by Rabbi Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer as well as 100s of pdf's of articles and commentaries on the Yerushalmi. In my limited experience with the ...


7

Double AA covered the main commentaries on Yerushalmi. Here are a few very useful contemporary ones: Lev Yerushalayim (on all of Yerushalmi, I think) Commentary of Rav Chaim Kanievsky (example here) The Artscroll Yerushalmi (in progress)


7

The Aruch Hashulchan in siman 437 siff 7 writes that nowadays women are bodek even better than men and dig after a miniscule amount of chametz and wash and clean every place. Another point is to define what chazzal meant by women are atzlanios by citing one of the medrashim that uses the same terminology. See in Devarim Rabba Parsha 6 (#11) that prooves ...


6

R. Guttentag in his sefer Tal Oros Vol.1 here in his in-depth essay about Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai explains that the students of Beis Shammai in this story refer to some of the young hotheads who suspected that the opinion of the students of Beis Hillel came from a corrupt Torah outlook, and thus considered them rebels against the Torah and so they ...


6

תלמוד ירושלמי מסכת סוטה דף טז עמוד א; פרק ג הלכה ד אמר ליה ישרפו דברי תורה ואל ימסרו לנשים.‏ מטרונה שאלה את רבי לעזר מפני מה חט אחת במעשה העגל והן מתים בה שלש מיתות. אמר לה אין חכמתה של אשה אלא בפילכה דכתיב (שמות לה) וכל אשה חכמת לב בידיה טוו. אמר לו הורקנוס בנו בשביל שלא להשיבה דבר אחד מן התורה איבדת ממני שלש מאות כור מעשר בכל שנה. אמר ליה ישרפו ...


5

See Tanya Chapter 1 (which alludes to this Yerushalmi), which is explained in detail in Chapter 10. In short killing it means the inclination for evil has no expression for its energy, no life. It is dead because it has no expression, yet it is not turned over to good because the Tzaddiks love for Hashem is not complete, thus not completely transformative. ...


5

Rabbi S.R. Hirsch writes that the story cannot be understood like this, because then the vote would be meaningless. He explains that Beis Hillel had been refusing a formal vote, and Beis Shammai on that day gathered outside the building and forcefully prevented Beis Hillel from leaving until a vote was held. Beis Hillel were the majority, but Beis Shammai ...


5

The answers to this question refer to a Yerushalmi (Shabbos 7:2) that extends the melachah of זורה (winnowing) to scattering something in the wind (the example given is spitting). This is cited as halachah in Rema, Orach Chaim, end of sec. 319.


5

According to Harav Yishak Yosef Shelit"a (En Yishak vol. 1 pg. 334) we follow the Yerushalmi over the Zohar. Sources to support: Petah Hadvir 46c, Sede Hemed Kelale HaPoskim 2:5, Yabia Omer vol. 4 pg 39a).


5

The best online resource would be yerushalmionline.org. It contains shiurim from R' Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer on the entire Yerushalmi, and links to helpful seforim. The top things to keep in mind (sorry, I can't think of exactly 5 right now) are that Yerushalmi's language is more terse than that of Bavli, and there is often little or no consensus as to how a ...


4

This website provides a pretty decent Hebrew commentary on most of the Yerushalmi: http://www.yedidnefesh.com/yerushalmi/yerushalmi.htm This is a website which is a great resource for Yerushalmi and has many different commentaries, manuscripts, and essays. I have not gone through all of it, but do recommend Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky's commentary, which is ...


3

It is not necessarily complete; the matter is more complicated than it may seem because neither Talmud is always so clear as to how it views the final halakha, and complicated further by the fact that we don't have such a reliable text of the Yerushalmi in many instances. Most commentaries 'on the daf' of the Yerushalmi tend to minimize the differences ...


3

Yitzchok Isaac Krasilschikov, In his commentary to the Yerushalmi תולדות יצחק‏ explains as follows: לא היה יכול לעמוד בו וכו'. ר"ל לעשות שלום עמו והרגו כפה אותו בתענתים ובתורה ובשירים ותשבחות לעשות רצון בוראו:‏ He could not with stand it etc. Which is to say make peace with it. And he killed it; he forced it with fasts and Torah study and ...


3

The Bavli on Sota 39b says that one should respond - and the wording there is almost identical to the Yerushalmi: בזמן שהכהנים מברכים את העם מה הן אומרים אמר ר' זירא אמר רב חסדא ברכו ה' מלאכיו גבורי כח וגו' ברכו ה' כל צבאיו משרתיו עושי רצונו ברכו ה' כל מעשיו בכל מקומות ממשלתו ברכי נפשי את ה' במוספי דשבתא מה הן אומרים אמר רבי אסי שיר המעלות הנה ברכו את ה' ...


3

Rav Moshe Feinstein in Iggros Moshe O.C. 1:157 writes that the basis for making a siyum is from the Rashbam in Bava Basra 121a who explains the reason for the simcha on Tu B'av is because of the completion of a mitzva which extended for a long period of time, and the Nemukei Yosef there states explicitly that there is a basis to make a seudas mitzva upon the ...


3

Rav Aryeh Tzvi Frumer writes (Eretz Tzvi 2:74) that technically a siyum is made on a masachet of mishna (as is clear from Shabbos 118a that in the gemara's time they made siyumin before chasimas hatalmud). Therefore, he explains, one can make a siyum even if some of the Talmudic text has been censored and one is not learning the entire masaches in Gemara. ...


3

You can find a translation by Jacob Neusner online here. It should be noted that the quality of his translations is a rather controversial subject in academic circles. That said, to the best of my knowledge his is currently the only complete translation of the Yerushalmi into English. Note that instead of the pagination of the Vilna Bavli (21 folios) ...


3

In a standard Shas, all the Masechtot are printed, even those without Bavli on them. For example, at the end of Vol. 1 - Brachot - you will find all the Mishnayot of Zeraim with Rishonim (usually the ר"ש, IIRC). At the end of Niddah you will find the rest of Taharot. In Mo'ed the only tractate without Bavli is Shekalim - so it was added. As to why it was ...


3

According to the Yerushalmi (Megillah 1:9), letters in Sta"m need to be mukaf gevil (surrounded by white parchment) on the inside of the letter as well (eg a the inside of a samech). See Shulchan Aruch OC 32:15


3

So so so many laws of zeraim as there is no bavli on that order of mishna. [I know this isn't specific, but I wanted to put it out there]


3

From the Rabbi Broyde post that I referenced in a comment to your un-duplicate question: Consider, for example, four examples that I happen to have written about or am writing about currently—tefillin on Chol ha-Moed, aliyot in a city where all the men are kohanim, whether the daughter of a gentile man and Jewish woman may marry a Kohen, and the of ...


3

The Shulchan Aruch rules in OC 448:6 that you can't feed chametz to an ownerless animal based on Yerushalmi Pesachim 2:1


3

In Hilchot Mezuza (Yore Deah 285) the Rama rules off the Yerushalmi that if one can only buy Tefilin or Mezuza, he should buy Tefilin (the end of Megila in Yerushalmi- exact source BN coming soon).


3

The ר״ן in פסחים on 30b says that we only say that women are lazy if there is no definite איסור, but if there is definitely an איסור (for instance, the removal of גיד הנשה) they are believed.


3

Actually, it seems that the spoken language of the time was Aramaic. Even in the Mishna, written while the Jewish people were still in Israel, often when document are quoted, it is usually in Aramaic. Consider, for example, Megillas Taanis, which was written as a calendar of sorts for the nation at large, written by early Tannaim (Shabbos 13a) and ...


2

Tosfot in Menachot 33b sv. U'mai quotes a Yerushalmi that he says argues on the Bavli regarding how high to put a mezuzah on an extremely tall doorway. The Bavli rules that it should be in the top third of the doorway regardless, while the Yerushalmi rules that in this case the mezuzah should be hung around shoulder height. According to Rav Yisroel Belsky ...


2

I heard along time ago that the explanation is that we only need to keep one Shabbos correctly like the gemara Yerushalmi says, but 'correctly' means that it must follow six days of work, as the posuk (Shemos 20,9-10) says: ששת ימים תעבוד ועשית כל-מלאכתך, ויום השביעי שבת. And this itself can only be done if we keep the preceding Shabbos so that there will be ...



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