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1

menachos 64a shabus 116b nefesh Hachaim shaar 1 very end of perq 9 ספר עבודת הקדש: המכונה מראות אלקים By מאיר בן גבאי‎, גוסף כהן-זדכ‎ שמות כט-מו on הרמב''ן click here


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As with many questions, we can say that it is a machlokes. The Rambam says that it is from the Torah while Rabbeinu Tam says that it is rabbinic. Havdalah in Davening . Is havdalah a biblical or rabbinic obligation? Opinion of the Rambam. The Rambam (Hilchot Shabbat 29:1) writes that the biblical commandment of “zachor et yom hashabbat l’kadsho” ...


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The article cited in support of this idea is entitled "ופליגא במשנת הרמב"ם" and can be found in the work כתבים - הרב יוסף קאפח - חלק ב (p.577). The opening line of the original article is as follows: A central tenet which was handed down and accepted by the talmudic scholars of Yemen in the name of the geonim, according to what I heard from the mouth of ...


4

You're probably looking for this quote (or one of the variations on it that are floating around): ״כל מי שמנצל לרעה את זכות הדחייה של תלמידי הישיבות, הרי הוא בבחינת רודף, וחוטא כלפי בני הישיבות״ Anyone who wrongly exploits the 'yeshiva student' [draft] deferral is considered like a rodef, and sins against the [actual] bnei yeshivot. The internet in ...


0

found this the Zohar (3:10a) quotes an even earlier book by Rav Hamuna Saba of the 2nd temple era "The Entire earth and those around it, spin round in a circle like a ball, both that at the bottom of the ball and those at the top. All G-d's [human] creatures, wherever they live on the different parts of the ball, look different because the air is ...


2

An approach specifically tuned for the Rambam's opinion is found in the Kessef Mishna in hilchos Mamrim at the beginning of chapter two. He asks if a Beis Din which bigger in number or wisdom can argue on a previous Beis Din, why don't we find Amoraim arguing on Tanaim? He answers "perhaps since the sealing of the Mishna, there was a general acceptance (kimu ...


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Just to add to the thorough answer above. The Rambam forbids yichud with a non-jew as well. Issure Biya: Perek 22: 3. That means that before even having relations with a non-Jewess, it is forbidden for one to seclude himself with her. All the more-so, is it forbidden to have relations with her.


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Anti-semitism is not irrational in the eyes of an observant Jew. In modern terms, principals in the Tora relate "Antisemitism" to a "secular" approach by Yisrael. The Tora determines that Mitzvos are mandatory and that in case they are not observed, a punishment in the form of harassments and even war by neighboring nations may be upheld against the Jews, or ...


0

There is an elderly Jew with lots of knowledge of tradition that I knew a while back. He came to the Shalom Zachor of my oldest son. There he said the reason for the custom is that Chickpeas were traditionally made with lots of pepper and were very sharp. Beer was served to cut the sharpness of the chickpeas. I can attest to the sharpness aspect as I have ...


3

The Shach Yoreh De'ah 183:4 understood the opinion of the Levush to be like the Rambam. However, the Shach himself notes that there is a contradiction within the Levush on this point, and many later Acharonim dispute the Shach's understanding of the Levush (Toras Hashelomim, Mekor Mayim Chaim, and others). The Meromei Sadeh to Niddah 39b s.v. פרש"י ...


3

Rambam's position is rejected by all other Rishonim. The position of the other Rishonim is pretty well summarized by the Sefer HaChinuch which you can read here about half way down. Regarding the Chatam Sofer, he says: אי אפשר לעשות להרמב"ם אפילו סניף בעלמא כי שיטתו דחויה, ולא מצאנו ידינו ורגלינו ברוב הסוגיות So yes, Chatam Sofer rejected Rambam's ...


2

This is not the same exact phrase as found in the Rishonim, but I'm willing to guess the source of their wording is based of this Yerushalmi in maseches Ksuvos 1 1. רבי ירמיה סבר מימר מנהג יהודה בגליל אמר ליה רבי יוסי וכי מנהג יהודה בגליל עדות תורה היא אלא מנהג יהודה ביהודה ומנהג גליל בגליל מכיון דתימר אינה עדות תורה לא יעמוד אלא כו׳ This is juxtaposing ...


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This is a responsum of Rabaz (vol. 2: Even Haezer, ch. 21) (of 19th-20th century Romania); not Radvaz (of 15th-16th century Egypt).


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Tosefos to Munachos 20b s.v. ונפסל says: כל תענית שלא שקעה עליו חמה לא שמיה תענית ומנהג אבותינו תורה היא שהכל נוהגין עד צאת הכוכבים Although the period of Tosefos extends past the Ramban, it starts earlier, and the discussion is about Rabbeinu Tam's opinion who was a century or so before. So that is a possible earlier source. The underlying principle ...


0

Bamidbar Rabba 9:34 has a story with Rabi Akiva who explained to a black king that his child was white not because his queen had been unfaithful, but because she had been focusing on white images while they were together. Rabi Akiva explained that this was the phenomenon behind Yaakov's treatment of Lavan's sheep in Bereishis 30. According to this ...


3

There's a story in the Talmud - Shabbat 31a - about a guy who tried (unsuccessfully, as it turned out) to win a bet by provoking Hillel to anger. He posed three questions about phenotypic variations in certain human populations: מפני מה ראשיהן של בבליים סגלגלות א"ל בני שאלה גדולה שאלת מפני שאין להם חיות פקחות [He asked,] "What is the reason that the ...


1

Shulchan Aruch introduces the laws of cross-breeding/cross-grafting species by saying that "two plants or animals may appear to be different, but are actually the same species but grew differently because of conditions or locations."


0

The actual date is unknown. the date to celebrate 26 sivan was established, as in the years 1964 they used to travel from Jerusalem to the north, in honor of רבי ישמעאל בן אלישע כהן גדול from the עשרת הרוגי מלכות that his tomb is in (סאג'ור (ساجور and was killed 25 Sivan, as a incentive to make it more attractive they also went to יונתן בן עוזיאל and Meron, ...


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Sefer מקומות קדושים וקברי צדיקים בגליל says that the actual date is unknown, however the date that is celebrated is 26 Sivan. מקובל שיום ההילולה שלו חל ביום כ"ו סיוון, אך כנראה שיום זה הינו רק יום זיכרון משום שיום פטירתו אינו ידוע


2

Essentially the simplest answer is that, at the time of the Manna, they were told then "Today is Friday, gather double and save over because tomorrow is Shabbat and you won't find". (Beshalach). So with the Manna cycle it became "known" which day actually was Shabbat and once that happened the Jews have kept a record of it ever since and therefore in the ...


1

At the very least, from the parsha of מן in parshas Bishalach chapter 16 the days of Friday and Shabbos were clear. This was pre- Har Sinai.


0

There is a medrash that Moshe Rabbeinu, while still a prince in Egypt convinced Par'o that he could get more work out of Bnai Yisrael by giving them a day off. When he was put in charge, he made that day off the same as the already established Shabbas. Another point is that the commandment uses the hai hayediah (definitive "the") this implies that the ...


0

According to the Sefer Hakuzri people all over the world have the same seven day week. This would show that it began somewhere out of the Torah. There might be a pocket of people that made themselves another system but that almost proves the rule, that they purposely tried to change. The people of China and India were not influenced by the Torah to change ...


1

You are probably referring to this, on the first Rashi. ז] בשביל ישראל והתורה. בב"ר (א, ד). ויראה לומר מה שנברא העולם בשביל אלו ב' דברים, דכתיב (משלי טז, ד) "כל פעל ה' למענהו", רוצה לומר כל מה שנברא בעולם בשביל הקב"ה נברא ולכבודו נבראו (יומא לח. ), "כל הנקרא בשמי לכבודי בראתיו" (ר' ישעיה מג, ז), ואין כבוד מן הנבראים אלא כאשר יקיימו את מצוותיו ועובדים ...


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Sefer Chasidim 923 says that if 2 Seforim fell on the ground, one should pick up both Seforim prior to kissing the first one. Aruch Hashulchan Yore Deah 282:11 also mentions kissing a Sefer that fell on the floor.


1

In this answer from Christianity.StackExchange there is good evidence that Christians were not mixing the sexes during prayer/worship gatherings in the 1st century. It states that St. Cyril of Jerusalem notes in the 4th century that men and women were still separated. Further consider 1 Cor. 14:34-35 of the Christian scriptures where Paul states Women ...


1

Encyclopedia Talmudis (הרהור כדבור) says that the Meiri holds this way (it does not mention the Ritva) and any Rishon who holds the Halacha is like Ravina that thought is equivalent to speech in regards to Shema would hold the same for words of Torah.


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Nitei Gavriel Chanuka - page 306 mentions this in the name of Otzar Kol Minhagei Yeshurin. Rabbi Genut at din.org.il also quotes Otzar Kol Minhagei Yeshurin and says it is mentioned in Chapter 19:4 in the name of the Avodas Eved M'Lomza. YUTorah.org also gives the Otzar Kol Minhagei Yeshurin as the source. This leads me to believe that there is no earlier ...


4

This is somewhat similar to the famous Mi Sheberach for those who don't speak during prayers, compiled by the Tosafot YomTov after it was revealed to him in a dream that the ת"ח ות"ט crusader pogroms were a punishment for talking in shul. It is meant to be said after the Torah reading on Shabbat. It says: מי שברך אבותינו, אברהם יצחק ויעקב, משה ואהרן, ...


0

Man is greater. Angels do not have bechira and are called omdim (standing) because of their lack of ability to grow. See this dvar torah which suggests that although conventional wisdom might order live beings in the following sequence: animals->humans->angels the truth is that humans really bookend the spectrum. As creatures with bechira (free choice) man ...


1

I found this at eranbenezra.blogspot. This story was revealed in 1975 by Yehuda Nuezan of Bnei Brak and was confirmed by Rabbi Moshe Stern. חורף 1942 בזמן השואה, בתחנת רכבת בעירה ראחוב עומדים קבוצה של יהודים – נגשת אליהם אישה מבוגרת ואומרת יהודים "יהודים! אתם יודעים למה אתם סובלים כל כך הרבה! משום שאתם משוחחים שיחת חולין באמצע התפילה ואת מסדרים את ...


3

The Tashbatz writes in 3:118 that the custom of wrapping the Shin Dalet Yud on the Arm Tefillin is not of Talmudic or Gaonic origin and was not the custom of his teachers, nor the German, French, Provincial or Catolina custom. It originated in Spain as an expression of the love of the Mitzvah - and he takes no issue with it. He then points out that the Shin ...


1

The theory of the diurnal rotation of the Earth. According to this article in Isis, the journal of the History of Science Society, After the Twelfth Century, references to the theory [of the diurnal rotation of the Earth] multiply, there being in the subsequent era at least six writers who discuss the hypothesis. Five among these, AL-SHIRAZI, ...



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