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7

Ta'anis 10a: דכי אתא רב דימי אמר אמרי במערבא נהור ענני זעירין מוהי חשוך ענני סגיין מוהי Translation: As when Rav Dimi came [to Bavel from Israel], he said: "They say in the West [i.e. the Land of Israel], 'Light clouds, little water. Dark clouds, abundant water.'" This follows a statement that R' Y'hoshua' understands this concept to be implied ...


5

This is a midrash from Kohelet Rabbah 7:16, Tanhuma, Parashat Mezora,1; Yalkut Shimoni, I Samuel, Chapter 121 and the Rambam in Guide for the Perplexed Part 3, Chapter 39. See also Me’am Loez Anthology on Exodus, 21:14 Rav Hirsch points out in Mishpatim 21:14 that it is a commandment to put a murderer to death and it is not allowed to show him "mercy". ...


5

The shul you were attending seemed to have been following the custom of the Vilna Gaon. Rabbi A Grossman has an article entitled The Vilna Gaon’s Psalms for Special Days. Some extracts: ...the Vilna Gaon was faced with a conflict. Like Maimonides, he believed that the public prayers officially ended with the reader’s full qaddish, what we call ...


5

The sources are vast, ranging from the Tanakh itself, through Tannaitic and Amoraic eras, and into the Geonic era (since you specifically asked for sources pre-rishonim). The Shema (Devarim 6:4) is of course the flagship statement of Jewish monotheistic faith (see also Devarim 4:35 and others). See also Yeshayahu 44:24 and 45:12; Tehillim 135:6; Daniel ...


4

The shema? But seriously, see hagiga 15a. Acher's heresy was stating that metatron was a power equal to hashem. Upon seeing metatron sitting in heaven, he proclaimed "There are indeed two powers in Heaven."


4

Chapter 3 (p. 46 here): ונתבונן כי אם יבכה האדם מרוב מכאוביו ומרוב צרותיו אז יזלו מים מעיניו, על מה עשה ה׳ ככה כי ירדו מים מעינים ולא מאברים אחרים, אם יד או רגל או אבר אחר נלקה, העינים מורידים דמעות, מפני מה העינים יבכו בעד כל אברי הגוף, כי הוא זה מפני כי עיני האדם המה ראשית לכל חטאת, ובעבור חטאותיו בא האדם במצוקותיו, ולכן בעת כי יצר לאדם ורע ...


3

Luach Hahalachos Uminhagim - 5771 page 30 - note 13 says this is based on the Chayai Adam 139:5 & Elef Hamagain 40 Chayai Adam 139:5 says that one should say תכתב ותחתם לאלתר לחיים טובים Elef Hamagain 40 says one should add Ulishilom


3

The Nitei Gabriel mentions it here and claims a clear example from the Torah of how Eliezer, Avrohom's servant, gave Rivka the bracelets before asking whose daughter she was and then reversed the order when speaking to the “mechutonim”. וכמו שרמזו בשם ״שדכן" שהוא ר״ת שקר דובר כסף נוטל. ומצינו כן מפורש בתורה בהשידוך הראשון שפרט הכתוב כל הפרטים, ...


3

Partial answer -- I had a couple of these handy. Someday we will all be together [He must gather all the Jews back to the Land of Israel (Is. 43:5-6)] Someday we'll be sheltered and warm Never will we have to express any fear [He must usher in an era of world peace and bring an end to war/fear(Is. 2:4)] The second stanza is clearly starting with a ...


3

This appears to be a variant1 of "קדרותא דצפרא" (the blackness of morning), which is an expression found in the Zohar (e.g. Vayishlach 170a, English translation by Prof. Daniel Matt). The idea you mention is expressed by the Zohar there (per emended2 translation linked above): Everyone asks, Who is this looking forth like the dawn? - at first the ...


3

Note: I'm not Jewish, but I have studied the relevant subjects enough to be able to answer the question, at least to some extent. The explanation for these ugly accusations against Jews is not related to Jewish scripture. It is the result of a combination of factors, most of which are much more closely related to Christian scriptures and the political ...


2

According to this link: According to the Minchas Elazar of Munkacs (Divrei Torah, eighth edition, 31), his grandfather, the Bnei Yissaschar, had a tradition that the greatest Baalei Tosafos (most of whom were killed al kiddush Hashem) wrote their long tosafos on perek Meruba of Bava Kamma the night before being called to judgment by their wicked enemies. ...


2

Perhaps you mean the Zohar on Numbers Volume 3 249a-b (הזהר לספר במדבר ח״ג דף רמט ע״ב) where he connects the phrase קדרותא דצפרא to the break of dawn (אילת השחר). The other 2 places he uses the phrase קדרותא דצפרא are on Genesis Vol 1 40b and 170a.


2

The Gemara in Rosh Hashana 3b(which talks about when to start the counting of a kings reign) writes that Koresh(he was a kosher king),Daryavesh(his actual name),and Artachasasta(name of his kingdom) are one in the same. The question is was Daryavish Esther's son. The simple answer is that its a machlokes. Tosfos on that Daf explains that Daryavish was ...


2

The editor of Rabbenu Avraham ben HaRambam's commentary to the Torah writes that this comment, found in Vayigash (44:30) was demarcated and identified in the manuscript as an errant comment that found its way into the text.


2

בעל הטורים (ויגש מד ל) קשורה. בגימטריא תורה. שלמד מפיו תורה: קשורה. ב' במסורת. הכא ונפשו קשורה בנפשו. ואידך אולת קשורה בלב נער (משלי כב טו). שאמר לו שהוא נער ואף אם לקח הגביע, מפני אולתו שקשורה בו. אי נמי מפני שאולתו קשורה בו, צריך שתהא נפשו קשורה בנפשו של אביו כדי לחנכו: בפי' ר' אברהם בן הרמב"ם על התורה (ריש פרשת ויגש) כתוב "ונפשו קשורה בנפשו קשורה עולה ...


2

It's mentioned by Rashi on Deuteronomy 32:11 pasuk: כנשר הזה, רחמני על בניו ואינו נכנס לקנו פתאום, עד שהוא מקשקש ומטרף על בניו בכנפיו בין אילן לאילן, בין שוכה לחברתה, כדי שיעורו בניו ויהא בהם כח לקבלו He guided them [Israel] with mercy and compassion like an eagle, which is merciful towards its own fledglings and does not enter its nest ...


2

there is no such quote in the chovos halevavos. the following I believe is the closest. perhaps your quote is an interpretation of it part 8 ch.3 You should know, my brother, that our aim in prayer is only the longing of the soul to G-d, its submitting before Him, elevating its Creator, praising and thanking to His Name, and casting all of its ...


1

The most comprehensive book on the subject is Rabbi E. Falk's 700 page "Sefer Oz Ve-hadar Levushah: Modesty, an Adornment for Life : Halachos and Attitudes Concerning Tznius of Dress & Conduct" which you can preview - and partially read - at Google Books. He discusses the guidelines of tight clothing, and why it's an issue. You can search the book for ...


1

This is found in Sha'arei K'dusha 1:2: והנה ענין המידות הן מוטבעות באדם בנפש השפלה הנקראת "יסודית", הכלולה מארבע בחינות, הדומם והצומחת והבהמית והמדברת. כי גם הן מורכבות מטוב ורע, והנה בנפש הזה תלויות המידות הטובות והרעות, והן כסא ויסוד ושורש אל הנפש העליונה השכלית, אשר בה תלויין תרי"ג מצות התורה כנזכר לעיל בשער ראשון. ולפיכך אין המידות מכלל התרי"ג מצות, ...


1

@Fred has provided the source for the "fruit of the lips" concept. I'll leave the task for him to expand upon it, if needed. The proof that a prophet was G-d's "mouthpiece" is in this week's Torah reading. Deuteronomy 18:18: נָבִ֨יא אָקִ֥ים לָהֶ֛ם מִקֶּ֥רֶב אֲחֵיהֶ֖ם כָּמ֑וֹךָ וְנָתַתִּ֤י דְבָרַי֙ בְּפִ֔יו וְדִבֶּ֣ר אֲלֵיהֶ֔ם אֵ֖ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר ...


1

He says it in Sefer Shmiras HaLashon (Shaar HaTorah ch. 10) here and here: ידוע מש"כ בס"ח דמצוה שאין לה דורשין היא כמת מצוה He goes on to discuss the general importance of meis mitzvah, but I dont see him writing explicitly that it carries greater reward.


1

Ramban (see the translation in Judaica press Shoftim pages 367-371) has a big discussion about the matter. One should note that he explicitly states that this is not the same as the case of S'dom since it was only a small group of people who just wanted to "enjoy" immorality. Ramban states that some of them were "baalei Givah". The rest of Bnai Yisrael ...


1

This source from 1912 mentions it. This source from 1913 mentions it as well.


1

The Shlah writes this in Yoma: ולשון מצוה - צוותא, כענין שאמרו (ברכות ו ב) כל העולם לא נברא אלא לצוות לזה. Additionally, the Sfas Emmes writes this (Parshas Eikev: 632): ומצוה לשון צותא וחיבור כמ"ש במ"א


1

The "Viduy-Hamashlim" was writen by my. Binyamin holtzman, Rav Kibutz Ma'ale gilbo'a. את "הוידוי המשלים" אני כתבתי. בנימין הולצמן, רב קיבוץ מעלה גלבוע look for בנימין הולצמן at facebook


1

To quote Rav Aviner here: It has no clear source in the Gemara or in the Poskim. Some learn it from the Gemara Chagiga (13b) that it is forbidden to eat a loaf of bread from which a mouse nibbled since the impurity has spread throughout, and this is all the more so when a righteous person eats from it that the purity spreads throughout (Ha-Rav Avraham ...


1

See The tur in 605 He also says That even though a domestic animal (not a bird) is more expensive than a rooster is preferred becouse it is called "gever" (also meaning man (see yuma 20b))... See the maharal m'prag's book נתיבות עולם - נתיב הבטחון - פרק א 60b and it continues to the next page on the next page To summarize one of the ways to ...



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