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12

Most undertand this to be a prayer for the trait of humility; specifically as expressed by ignoring the abuse of others. This is implied by the Chovos Halevavos (Shaar Hac'nia ch. 10): והששי כי מעשה הנכנע מקובל אצל האלקים...וחשוב בו תמיד והשתדל לקנותו ופקדהו עם נפשך ומדותיך תדיר והעזר באלקים עליו ושאל אותו ממנו להתקרב אליו ולהגיע לרצונו אולי יישירך ...


7

One interpretation is that given by Tosafos (B'rachos 17a, s.v. ונפשי כעפר): ונפשי כעפר לכל תהיה. מה עפר אינו מקבל כליה לעולם כן יהי רצון שזרעי לא יכלה לעולם כמו שהוא אומר והיה זרעך כעפר הארץ Translation: "And may my soul be like dirt/dust to all": Just as the dirt can never be destroyed, so may it be Your will that my progeny is never destroyed, ...


5

The Zohar writes that the Patriarch Yitzchok had the soul of a female. Additionally, the Arizal explained that Michal wore tefillin because she had a male soul. So it seems that souls do have genders, both male and female.


5

The word נפש is not limited to mean strictly "souls." It often means something along the lines of "life force" or "being." When someone kills someone else, the Torah refers to it as having struck the נפש - as in אדרוש את נפש האדם of Bereishit 9, or מכה נפש of Bamidbar 35, or רצחו נפש of Devarim 22. נפש תחת נפש (Vayikra 24) seems to mean "a life for a ...


5

Vayakheil 205a: האי יומא יומא דנשמתין איהו ולאו יומא דגופא English: This day is a day of souls and not a day of the body.


3

There are indeed several sources among the works of Chassidus and later kabbalistic works which describe the soul as being a spiritual counter-shape to the shape of the physical body. In other words, just as the physical body has 613 parts, so does the soul. (I believe that this idea is based on the Zohar, Beraishis 9a but I won't go into details) For ...


3

This sounds similar to Antoninus's question to Rebbi on the bottom of Sanhedrin 91a. 'The body and the spirit can each get out of punishment. The body will say the soul sinned! From the moment he left me I lay here still as a stone in the grave. The soul will say the body sinned! From the moment I left him I have flown around like a bird. Rebbi answered, let ...


3

Kaballah says that the soul enclothed within the body and it is the reflection of the Divine Form, called the tzelem (tzelem Elokim). This can be described as the spiritual mold of man's physical form, linking his body and soul. This mold is derived from the configuration of the sefirot, which structure the worlds through which the soul descends on its ...


2

No. A soul is a spiritual entity and has no gender. However according to Kabbalah there are two worlds where souls can come from. A "Masculine" world and a "Feminine" world. The Lubavitcher Rebbe Z"L explains that that the way of a soul from the "masculine side" is to transform the world by being pro-active and outgoing, while the path of the soul ...


2

Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef (Orahh Hayim 619:18), citing Midrash Sifrei on Parashat Shoftim, states (my translation): יש נוהגים לומר אזכרה למתים, וקרוביהם נודרים לצדקה לעילוי נשמתם, כי אף המתים צריכים כפרה, וכמו שאמרו בספרי, כפר לעמך ישראל אלו החיים, אשר פדית אלו המתים, מלמד שאף המתים צריכים כפרה Some are accustomed to recite a memorial ...


2

the person's human intellect is granted free choice. His soul, therefore, has little influence on his physical body's actions. The question seems to assume that the soul is an outside force, whereas the intellect is the actual self. Rabbi Bentzion Shaifer defines "The 'I' who is talking to you" as a combination of the animal soul, and the G-dly soul. ...


2

According to this footnote at chabad.org: They are not counted according to scientific methods. Rather, the number is based upon which limbs would be given an important place in Jewish law. They are listed in Encyclopedia Talmudit (Hebrew), vol. 1, pp. 114ff.


2

The Gemara (Brachos 58a) writes that just as the appearance of one's face is unique, so is one's personality. R. Tzadok of Lublin (Dover Tzedek) explains this comparison on the principle that עיקר הנפש היא בפנים Rough translation: The soul is mostly in the face. R. Ezekiel Landau explains the Gemara similarly (Tzlach to Berachos ch. 9 58b I think) ...


2

See Zohar on parashat Yitro, in Zohar 73a. For example: עיינין צהיבין ירוקין, שגעונא אית ביה, ובגין שגעוניה איהו פום ממלל רברבן, ועביד גרמיה כבר נש רב ברברבנו... IF his eyes are yellowish-green, he has madness about him, and because of this madness his mouth speaks in a bombastic manner, and he carries a self-importance about himself... I ...


2

Nefesh HaChaim 1:14: מחשבה היא בחינת הנשמה שהיא המלמדת לאדם דיעה ובינה בתוה"ק. לכן עיקר משכנה הוא במוח כלי המחשבה Thought is the faculty of the soul (Neshama) which teaches the person knowledge and understanding in Torah. Therefore its primary residence is in the mind, the tool of thought.


2

Radak citing Yonatan, Ralbag, and Metzudot David (Samuel 1:25:29) all interpret it as a reference to meriting Olam HaBa. (It seems to me that even those who read the verse there in accordance with its straightforward meaning would agree that the intended reference on tombstones is to this Drash.)


2

Many Jewish thinkers have actually challenged your assumption that the body is merely a "vessel" for the soul. I'll just copy and paste from an answer of mine elsewhere: R' Yaakov Weinberg in Fundamentals and Faith explains that the resurrection of the dead implies a profound and fundamentally necessary understanding of the relationship between the body ...


1

Rabbi Simcha Zissel of Kelm writes (forget the exact source) that the yetzer hara for idolatry was never really destroyed, it merely changed form from worship of idols to worship of other things. he says one form it has changed to today is worship of money. see also this by Rabbi Yisacher Frand http://www.torah.org/learning/ravfrand/5757/yisro.html


1

It comes from Avigail and is the opposite of כף הקלע. The Pasuk in Shmuel says וְֽהָיְתָה֩ נֶ֨פֶשׁ אֲדֹנִ֜י צְרוּרָ֣ה ׀ בִּצְר֣וֹר הַחַיִּ֗ים אֵ֚ת ה' אלקיך וְאֵ֨ת נֶ֤פֶשׁ אֹיְבֶ֙יךָ֙ יְקַלְּעֶ֔נָּה בְּת֖וֹךְ כַּ֥ף הַקָּֽלַע׃ This juxtaposition makes it look like it is referring to rest as opposed to being flung about. Tzror would mean a bond, held ...


1

See Siddur Im D'ach, Shaar Chag HaMatzot; Lekutei Biurim (By Rabbi Hillel Malisov of Paritch), 47b. The Chassidei Umot haOlam derive their animal souls not from the 3 impure klipot, but from the klipat nogah, just like the animal soul of bnei Yisrael. The sheva mitzvot seem to be a rectification for the animal soul. Bnei Yisrael are born automatically with ...


1

Iggerot Kodesh, vol. 1, p. 176: בקיצור תניא להצ"צ... פ"ו כתב וז"ל: ג' קליפות הטומאה ואין בהם טוב כלל (ר"ל בעצמותם אבל בבחי' גלות בו יש חיות אלקות ניצוץ מי"ס דעשייה שבתוכו י"ס דיצירה שבתוכו וכו'). וביתר ביאור כתב ... וז"ל: מה שכתב בספר של בינונים דגקה"ט אין בהם טוב כלל, אין הכוונה שאין בהם שום ניצוץ כלל, שהרי אי אפשר להיות קיום שום דבר בלי איזה ניצוץ טוב... ...


1

While it's true that some animals, plants ... are gilgulim of people, that does not mean that all are. Reincarnation is usually because a soul has to fix something it did or did not do but for whatever reason can't go to gehinom or needs to be done in the physical world. Most souls however either throughout the course of their life completed what they ...


1

Rabbi Avigdor Miller told Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen towards the end of his life that he was able to see the Tzelem Elokim in every person, even a goy. I heard this from Rabbi Simcha Bunim himself, with that said, and having seen it himself. I don't need to see this in any other sefer, I trust Rabbi Avigdor Miller.


1

Neshama - based on Nusach Sefard , by Korbonos, right before Kriyas Shema where there are some additional words ומותר האדם מן הבהמה אין כי הכל הבל, לבד הנשמה הטהורה I heard in the name of Rabbi Chaim Volozhin Zatzal - ומותר האדם מן הבהמה אין - a person is more than an animal with the "אין" - a person can say no - that a person can have self control, which ...


1

The issues that might possibly make it liable to "Kares" would be blood (dam) or certain fats (cheilev). With regards to blood, not all blood carries a Kares penalty although it is all biblically prohibited. See The Prohibition Of Eating Blood Kares, is incurred for blood that issues during karbanot, piercing or decapitation, as long as there is redness ...


1

the shemonei shearim shaar gilgulim (forget exact place) says that if a male soul is reincarnated in a female body, as sometimes happens, then that female cannot have a male child - only female children, as the verse says in parsha tazria "when a woman conceives and bears a male child", and that woman is really a man in a female body. I think he says there ...


1

There are 2 souls, a Nefesh Elokis and Nefesh Habahamis, a G-dly soul and an animalistic soul. Goyim only have the animalistic soul. All physical desires and worldly pleasures come from the Nefesh Habahamis. The Nefesh Elokis just wants the pleasure of G-d, learning Torah and doing Mitzvos. We are able to use the animalistic soul for the service of G-d, but ...



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