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13

In Orach Chayim, it refers to a comment by the Yad Efrayim, in the margin. The Business Halacha Institute tells me that in Choshen Mishpat it points to a chidush [a novel thought or opinion].


11

From "FREE PRIMARY JEWISH SOURCES AND RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET" It's divided by chelek (click download on the top-right): http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14170&pgnum=1 http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14164&pgnum=1 http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14171&pgnum=1 ...


10

I always assumed the motivation was to provide information from a diversity of posekim, when they differ on something, so that readers will be aware that there are varying opinions/traditions. An extreme version of this is an edition of Kitzur Shulchan Aruch compiled by R' Mordechai Eliyahu that includes glosses with the opinions of the Mishna Berura and ...


9

Generally, one is not allowed to clap to a beat on Shabbos (S.A. O.C. 339:3) Some have said that nowadays the gezeirah doesn't apply since we're not adept at instrument repair and the incidence is not common. The Rema brings this for even dancing. Others only permit for hand-clapping. I don't even know if this heter would apply now since instrument ...


7

In the Chabad world, it depends on the program. All learn Basar Bechalav Taaroves (or Taaruvos) Parts of Melicha Some learn Full Melicha Koshering Vessels Shabbos Birchos Hanehenin Pas Akum/Bishul Akum/Chalav Akum Useful Materials Yoreh De'ah - Gemara/Rashi Tur/Beis Yosef/some Bachs Shulchan Aruch/Shach/Taz (some Pri Megadims, mostly brought down ...


7

The Beit Yosef there quotes many Rishonim who have a version of the story (Yevamot 62b) that Rabbi Akiva's students died until פרוס העצרת a half [month] before Shavuot. So 49-15=34 and on the last day we say that a partial day counts as the whole day so on the 34th in the morning, the mourning ends.


7

That siman discusses laws regarding staying healthy according to Halacha. Many of these are based on the medication mentioned in the Gemara. Due to the fact that nowadays cures don't work anymore Tosfos Moed Katan 11a, one is forbidden to even try them, lest one think that just as the Rabbis were wrong here (which they're not, just nature changed), they're ...


6

Yalkut Yosef 338:1 כגון להכות כף אל כף כשהוא במקום שמחה ושיר, אסור. In a circumstance of happiness and singing, it is prohibited. 338:2 מותר להכות כף אל כף בשבת כדי לעורר את הישנים מתרדמתם, שמאחר ואינו דרך שירה אין בזה איסור משום השמעת קול בשבת. To wake people up it is permissible because it is not in a way of music.


6

If you want to learn the codified halachot that are based on the page of the Talmud you're learning, you should definitely check out the Gemara put out by The Halacha Brura and Birur Halacha Institute. An idea from HaRav Kook, see here: It was the Rav's desire to publish a new edition of the Talmud, which for the first time, would combine and reunite ...


6

This is a fairly broad question, but basically it takes a good deal of scholarship. (And people who like to pick whatever snippets from Jewish sources that suits them, and post them online in all caps, aren't often so good at this.) We do not have the power to overturn rabbinic law that was codified into the Talmud, however we can clarify the nature of ...


6

Synopsized from Yad Malachi (K'lalei Haposkim - HSh"' VRM"' #13,14,16,17): When the Shulchan Aruch quotes an unattributed halacha followed by one introduced with the words "yesh om'rim" it indicates that the unattributed opinion is authoritative. This is [almost] universally agreed despite the fact that occasionally the conclusion of Beis Yosef coincides ...


5

In Hilkhot Meguila, Perek 2, Halacha 17, the Rambam wrote: מוטב לאדם להרבות במתנות אביונים מלהרבות בסעודתו ובשלוח מנות לרעיו. שאין שם שמחה גדולה ומפוארה אלא לשמח לב עניים ויתומים ואלמנות וגרים. שהמשמח לב האמללים האלו דומה לשכינה שנאמר להחיות רוח שפלים ולהחיות לב נדכאים It is better for a man to increase matanot laevyonim (gifts to the poor) than to ...


5

It seems that the Taz is saying that one should object to feeding a vicious dog a loaf of bread with a needle in it, as a way of disposing of it. Rather, the proper way to kill the dog is with poison. It seems that, according to the Taz, giving the dog a loaf of bread with a needle in it is not, in this instance, a violation of tzaar baalei chaim nor of bal ...


5

The Be'er HaGolah (printed next to the Shulchan Aruch) gives all the sources as listed in Tur/BY. The Biur HaGra gives more thorough sources than the Be'er HaGolah, so you should probably use that one. There is also, of course, the Ein Mishpat, if you want to go the other way around (Gemara to poskim). It's found at the top of the outer margin of each daf, ...


5

WAF, with lack of time in the day for 3 halacha sedarim. Most will learn a sefer which is in line with their Yeshiva's path (commonly MB nowadays) or the Aruch haShulchan which provides good background and chidushim. However, they would like to know if there are dissenting opinions among the other big Halachic rulers. A quick footnote allows for that.


5

Speaking only of the various printings of the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, the reason why it is usually printed with footnotes is because those footnotes are intended to tell us about other poskim we usually hold like (in preference to the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch). The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch is so prevalant because it's a convenient summary of a lot of halacha (fits ...


5

Those glosses printed in the same font as the Remah are indeed from the Remah even though they don't start with the usual הגה as is evident from the commentaries in such places. Not always did the Remah start of writing הגה. However, there are glosses which are printed in the same font as the Remah and are in parentheses, they usually consist of sources ...


5

The Rama at the very end of YD 331 (the chapter that discusses the laws of Terumot and Maaserot) notes that the Shulchan Aruch left out all the rules of Ma'aser 'Ani which are discussed in the Tur there. Presumably any further Halachik discussion about Ma'aser 'Ani is based on the Tur and not the Shulchan Aruch.


4

It is (kinda). See OC 155 and 156. Additionally, I speculate that even though Talmud Torah must be done every day, its nature is not that of a 'time-bound mitzva' in the sense that the mitzva is ideally והגית בו יומם ולילה to delve into it day and night. It is a all encompassing mitzva that spans one's whole life and whose goal is never really reached. This ...


4

הלכות קטנות לרא"ש (מנחות) הלכות ציצית סימן ו ו תנן בראש התכלת [שם דף לח א] התכלת אינו מעכב את הלבן הלבן אינו מעכב את התכלת. פירש"י אף ע"ג דמצוה לתת ב' חוטי תכלת וב' לבן בציצית אפילו הכי אין זה מעכב את זה ואי עביד ארבעתן תכלת או ארבעתן לבן יצא ולכאורה הוי משמע דאין זה מעכב את זה היינו שאם הטיל ב' חוטין מין אחד יצא כי הא דתפילין של יד אינה מעכבת של ראש ושל ...


4

Some partial English translation are available, see here: http://www.jtsa.edu/x1212.xml#english_translations But to answer your question, no there is no purchasable Hebrew/English Shulchan Aruch available. (If you just need Orach Chayim, the English translation of the Mishneh Berurah might suffice, although of course it lacks all of the other commentaries) ...


4

See here. The Talmud is the source of Halacha and not the Shulchan Aruch. The Shulchan Aruch, on the other hand, is really 'only' a useful guide as to which opinions within the Talmud are accepted as normative Halacha, and what normative Halacha considers to be proper applications of the numerous general concepts found in the Talmud. In that sense the ...


4

I would say that the goal should be to learn from the Gemara and Rishonim upwards- ie/ if doing aveilut, start with Moed Katan, if learning kashrut, start with Chullin, etc. This is the approach which I believe the Rabbanut uses. I am familiar with the derech halimud of the Institute for Traditional Judaism in Teaneck. They learn Perakim Gid haNasheh v' Kol ...


4

Both the Tur and Shulchan Aruch Harav use the word צריך which seems like its an obligation. However see Mishmeres Sholom and Pischei Teshuva (and see Mishna Berura S"K 9) who explain that many G-d fearing Jews are not strict about this nowdays because our sleeping habits have changed since the time of Shulchan Aruch and we no longer go to sleep as early and ...


4

The Shulchan Aruch came about, because its author, Rav Yosef Karo, declared that the era of the Rishonim has ended, and one can no longer make halachic decisions based on one's interpretations of the Gemara, but rather on the basis of the interpretations and rulings of the Rishonim (the Halachic authorities of the several hundred years before his time). ...


4

Hacham Ovadia Yosef has a Kelal called "Bimkom Minhag Kadum En Omrim Kibalnu Horaot Maran- in the place where there is a preexisting Minhag we don't follow Maran". In this case there was a preexisting Minhag to do Kaparot therefor we do Kaparot. The reason Hacham Ovadia holds like this is because Maran writes in the Hakdama to Bet Yosef that he didn't come ...


3

b a's answer lists the standard short references from g'mara to halacha and vice versa. Menachem's answer lists a resource for following a g'mara through to its halachic conclusion. So I'll do the opposite: mention a resource for following a halacha back to its talmudic source. The best I've found for this is Aruch Hashulchan, who often quotes the relevant ...


3

Another good reason is to help people who are learning for the Semikha exams, both in the Israeli Rabbinate(and quite probably other places as well) where they expect to you know what the major Mahlokets of the previous generations were, and if possible where modern posking fall out on the issue. If you are not fluent in the all the dissenting opinions, and ...


2

The motivation behind these footnoting IS LHAGDIL TORAH, make the Torah more expansive to give people more to talk about and more angels to come from on a single idea. The reason someone just cut out the middle man and print an Aruch Hashulchan with the Chazon Ish is that they sometimes do things like that and its a worthwhile projec to to take on,much like ...


2

My understanding is that the goal is for the light to be fairly steady, and not constantly flickering because of impurities in the fuel or wick. I think that (assuming you use standard store-bought ingredients) the light will definitely meet or exceed the necessary threshold. If you are making your own, I guess you should avoid making candles out of ...



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