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Sources Shaar HaKavanot Drushei HaLaila Sha'ar Ruah Hakodesh Tikun 27 page 17c There is an ancient minhag in all of Israel to fast forty days consecutively that are from the first day of Parashat Shemot until Parashat Teruma and a bit of Tetzaveh. They are given the siman שובו בנים return children Shovvavim which are the Roshei Teivot ...


שובבי"ם with added option ( ת"ת ) is the initials of the parshas: Shmos Vaeira Bo Beshalach Yisro Mishpatim (then optionally, Terumah Tetzaveh). So that makes it a period of 6 (or 8) weeks in the wintertime. It generally fills the a gap in the Jewish calendar post-Chanukah, pre-Purim. Of course the word "shovevim" means "wayward", as in "come back, ...


Nitei Gavriel mentions in the name of the Arizal that since during these weeks we read the portions of the Torah starting from the enslavement in Egypt (where there was Tikun HaKeri of Adam HaRishon) until Ki Tsikne Eved Ivri.


The First Temple prophets used a lot of metaphor describing idolatry as the Jewish people being "unfaithful in marriage" to God. Today, however, shovavim is a time period when many Jews focus on repentance from sexual sin (or better yet, improved education on sexuality in Judaism). We don't experience the same drive towards idolatry that they did in the ...

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