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9

Very similar to the Downs question. Rambam says you have to see each case in-person to call these shots. Basically, if someone lacks the consciousness or control to perform a given mitzvah, they're not obligated in it. (This is called "a shoteh for one thing.") It's possible for someone to, G-d forbid, have an eating disorder such that there is really no ...


6

It would likely depend on the specific individual, but generally a low functional IQ does not render someone a halachic shoteh ("insane" or "irrational.") I assume that was your question about Down Syndrome was effectively asking about a low IQ. We have the concept of oness Rachmana patrei, G-d does not hold us accountable for what's truly beyond our ...


2

Someone with Downs who cannot understand the mitzvah in question would be a pesi. A shoteh is someone incapable of choosing right over wrong. The Rambam may have blamed that on an inability to comprehend, but more modern psychological theories would attribute it to impulse control, an inability to relate to consequences, and psychiatric rather than ...


1

This is a somewhat complex subject. For now, I can supply only a partial answer regarding the Cheresh (deaf - mute) from this interesting article. The original discussion seems to emanate from the first mishnah in Tractate Beitza. However, the article claims that the Chatam Sofer on Even HaEzer 2:2 posits that it is a Halacha l’Moshe Misinai. I don't have ...


1

I personally know of a case where a man was convinced he is Moshiach, and his wife wanted a divorce and most Rabbis said that he is a Shoteh and can not give a divorce. However after HaRav Moshe Feinstein Zatzal met him he said that he is not a Shoteh and may give a divorce, and gave a letter to the lady that he determined that her previous husband was not a ...



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