Hot answers tagged

12

The Lubavitcher Rebbe said a sicha on this topic, and I really recommend reading it in full. Abridged and translated here. Original and unedited here. Worked-up version by the Rebbe here. In summary, Rashi explains the concept of "confounding Satan" as follows: "So that he will not accuse; for when he hears how the Jewish people love the mitzvos, his ...


12

This is in the Ramo (O.C. 585:2) to blow specifically on the right side of the mouth. The Magain Avraham says this is based on the verse (Zecharia 3:1) והשטן עומד על ימינו - the Satan stands on his right side.


10

As long as the Shevarim-Teruah in TaShRa"T As long as the Shevarim in TaSha"T As long as the Teruah in TaRa"T Source Shulchan Aruch HaRav 590:7 As to how long the Shevarim and the Teruah have to be, it depends on the definition of the Teruah. It is 3 Yevavot (not quite sure how to translate that, see Talmud Rosh Hashanah 33B), and according to some ...


10

It seems to me from the quote from the last Chief Rabbi of Yemen, Rabbi Amram Korach, that they didn't follow the Rambam in this regard because they found the kudu horn more beautiful for the mitzvah. "The shofar of Rosh HaShanah, that they were accustomed to blowing, was long and twisted, two or three twists, and its sound was pure and eerie. Some ...


10

The Talmud (RH 34) records: שמע תשע תקיעות בתשע שעות ביום יצא מט' בני אדם כאחד [לא יצא] תקיעה מזה ותרועה מזה יצא If he heard 9 blasts at 9 hours of the day, he fulfilled his obligation. [If he heard them] from 9 people at once, he did not fulfill his obligation, [but if] there was a Tekia from this [person] and [then] a Terua from this [person] he does ...


9

It is said in the name of Rabbi Akiva Eiger as follows: The Talmud states that if one repents due to fear of punishment, his sins are converted to unintentional sins. However, if one repents out of love, his sins are converted to Mitzvoth (good deeds). Rashi states that the extra shofar blasts show the love Jews have for Mitzvoth, this implies that their ...


9

The Torah itself uses only the terms "tekiah" and "teruah" (Num. 10:3ff). Elsewhere (Lev. 25:9) the Torah puts the verb haavir ("to make pass") before and after references to a teruah, implying that it should be preceded and followed by a long drawn-out sound - which tells us that the basic order is tekiah-teruah-tekiah. So there's no doubt what a tekiah is....


8

As for Rosh Hashana, Rav Saadiah lists 10 reasons for blowing shofar. They are: Coronations of kings are announced by trumpet blasts. The shofar is the coronation blast of Hashem's rulership. (So think about accepting Hashem as king) The Shofar is a wake up call to examine our actions. (So think about if your behavior has been appropriate.) The Shofar ...


7

Regarding questions 1 and 2, the Rama rules (OC 596) that one should not blow the shofar unnecessarily on Rosh HaShana just like one avoids musical instruments on other Shabbatot and Yamim Tovim. So it would seem forbidden to blow for the sick person at night. The Magen Avraham there rules that one cannot practice on the first day in the afternoon for the ...


7

The Megillah and the Chanuka candles are Rabbinical Mitzvot, while blowing Shofar in Elul is merely an Ashkenzic custom (minhag), not a Mitzvah (see Rama on Orach Chaim 581:1). There's all kinds of discussion about which Mitzvot get a blessing and which don't, but in general, minhagim don't get blessings.


7

Even if the horn comes from a kosher animal, the shofar could still be rendered non-kosher if non-kosher materials are added during the shaping and polishing process. According to this article (http://www.jdoorpost.com/2010/06/non-kosher-shofars-imported/), there were problems last year with shofars from China and Morocco.


7

To begin with, we blow the shofar on Rosh Hashana because God said so. See Numbers 29:1. וּבַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ יוֹם תְּרוּעָה יִהְיֶה לָכֶם And in the seventh month, on the first day, there shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall not perform any mundane work. It ...


6

In genenral, Sha'ar Hakavanos says that the set of blowings before sh'mone esre is an appropriate time to verbally admit one's sins and that the Ariza"l would do so while crying. This fits with the many mentions it makes of the relationship between sleep, awakening, and the shofar. Our lack of cognizance of our own actions and their ramifications is like ...


6

The sefer "Teka BeShofar" says that there are two methods for producing a teruah: "The common way," and "the simple way." The Common Way: Air stream is held steady, and the sounds are formed by moving the tongue in and out of the shofar's opening. This is the most natural way, but it has two drawbacks: 1) Most people cannot do this fast enough to form the ...


6

Per the Shaalos U'tshuvos Tzitz Eliezer Chelek 12 Siman 48 the whole Takana of blowing Shofar was only when it is done Btzibur. He gives 2 reasons. 1: The reason we blow Shofar starting Rosh Chodesh Elul, is since when Moshe Rabeinu went up on the mountain on Rosh Chodesh Elul the Posuk says "He'eviru Shofar B'Machane" - and Machane means B'tzibur and not B'...


6

Shulchan Aruch OC 586:12 והוא הדין אם תקע במקום הרחב, פסול (ר"ן פרק ב' דראש השנה).‏ It's invalid.


6

Both the Aruch HaShulchan and the Kitzur Yalkut Yosef forbid adults to blow the Shofar after one has fulfilled one's obligation, with the exception of blowing for somebody else or if one isn't sure one fulfilled the mitzva. ערוך השולחן - אורח חיים סימן תקצו - מנהג התקיעות לאחר התפילה ב וכתב רבינו הרמ''א דלאחר שיצאו בזה – אין לתקוע עוד בחנם. אבל קטן, ...


5

The Piskei Tshuvos 581:3 brings in the footnotes from the Aruch Hashulchan seif 12 that one should not blow at night the whole month of elul even to practice because we don't do hissarirus at night.He also brings the Igros Moshe 4:21 that when the Rama said that there are those who blow shofar at night he meant after mincha or places who daven maariv during ...


5

Apparently, you can hide cracks. See this.


5

It is blown as a wakeup call to us. That is why we blow the shofar the whole elul, leading up to rosh hashana. To remind us that we need to do teshuva (repentance). As you listen to the shofar being blown, close your eyes for a few seconds and let the sounds penetrate and think about doing teshuva and making yourself a better person.


5

I don't know the best way to learn how to blow shofar but I can tell you how I learned. Firstly, I was told that as a child that the main thing is to NOT BLOW into the shofar. That is, the shofar is not a baloon, and you do not want to blow into it directly. You want to shape your lips and allow the air to pass through them, but you do not want to blow ...


5

There is no Mitzva to blow Shofar on Rosh haShana. Accordingly, there is no Bracha on doing so. This is a Mitzva to hear the Shofar being blown, and there is a Bracha said before doing so ("...and commanded us to hear the blasts of the Shofar"). Everyone who is fulfilling the Mitzva should say a Bracha. In general, if multiple people are doing a Mitzva ...


5

This priority is given in the Yerushalmi Sukkah 4:1: ר' סימון מפקד לאילין דמחשבין יהבון דעתכון דלא תעבדין לא תקיעתה בשבת ולא ערבתא בשבתא ואין אדחקון עבדון תקיעתה ולא תעבדון ערבתא R' Simon ordered those who calculate [the calendar rules], "See to it that you don't let the blowing of the Shofar be on Shabbos, or the [beating of the] Arava on Shabbos. ...


4

It takes a lot of practice to do it properly. You can find basic instructions all over the Web (try Google). A recently-published (and inexpensive) book by R. Avraham Reit entitled Teka Beshofar has many useful tips and much helpful information.


4

I remember reading a drasha by Rabbi Chaim Smulevitz who gave an answer why we blow the shofar multiple times on Rosh Hashanah. He said at the first blast the Satan prepares his arguments for the Day of Judgement. When he hears the second blast he assumes that Moshiach has now come and this agitates him so much he cannot deliver his accusations. Is the ...


4

I have to tell you, I am part of a large corps of shofar blowers, and I've never heard of anyone getting a painful blister. I have to think there must be something wrong with your shofar. Perhaps there is a narrow corner of the mouthpiece that pinches your lip, or (I hope not) an actual crack in the mouthpiece. My recommendation is to borrow or otherwise ...


4

Don't push the Shofar against your mouth so hard; which you're likely doing to block air from escaping. Instead, you can use your fingers to seal any spaces. I like to use my index and middle fingers, so the shofar is where "the fingers meet" (like how some people hold cigarettes, except closer to the base of the fingers.) If you're not pressing the Shofar ...


3

The Shulchan Aruch Harav (OC 600:5-7) explains that although some hold that the two days of Rosh Hashana are considered one day with regards to the brocha shechiyanu, the Halacha is not like them and therefore we make a second shechiyanu the second day by Kiddush and Shofar blowing. [However, we do try and take the opinion into concern and therefore have a ...


3

Dan's answer covered the "how are those blasts calculated?" part of your question; I'll do the other part, "Do we actually hear 100 or are there extra?". We actually hear 100: 30 initially, 30 in the silent sh'mone esre (nusach S'farad and nusach Ari), 30 in the repetition of the sh'mone esre, and 40 (nusach Ashk'naz) or 10 (nusach S'farad and nusach Ari) ...


3

According to the Zohar, 10:304: Rabbi Yehuda said: In "the sound of the Shofar," the word "Shofar" is spelled without the letter vav, for it has the same meaning as in the verse, "It pleased (Heb. shafar) Daryavesh" (Daniel 6:1) and in the verse, "O king, let my counsel be acceptable (Heb. yishpar) to you" (Daniel 4:24) and the verse, "I thought it good (...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible