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18

The last shemittah year was Jewish year 5768 (13 Sept 2007 - 29 Sept 2008) The next few are: 5775 (25 Sept 2014 - 13 Sept 2015) 5782 (7 Sept 2021 - 25 Sept 2022) 5789 (21 Sept 2028 - 9 Sept 2029) Note that some Rishonim (medieval rabbis) held that the shemittah is the year prior to the years mentioned above (See Tur CM 67) but longstanding normative ...


13

Yovel is not practiced nowadays, because it applies only when most of the Jewish People live in the Land of Israel, each in their designated tribal territories (Rambam, Hil. Shemittah Veyovel 10:8). When it is in effect, there is a halachic dispute as to whether it breaks up the cycles of shemittah years (i.e., you have 7 shemittah cycles totaling 49 years, ...


7

The Otzar Beit Din is when the Beit Din pays the farmer to collect their produce for the community. The farmer is then a shaliach, and you are not buying the fruit. You're paying him for his effort. Then, when the consumer buys it, he is paying back the Beit Din, again, not buying the fruit. Otzar Beit Din, however, still has kedushat shvi'it, so it cannot ...


6

According to a shiur I heard recently, there's a Machlokes Rishonim (early Poskim argue) about whether the Mitzva of Shmitta is: Don't work your land - but your land may work. Your land may not work - no matter who and how the work involved. This - apparently - directly affects the answer to your question, as well as to whether you may lease/sell your ...


5

I can't answer for Christianity's view on this, but here is the Jewish view: the shmitta year applies solely to Jewish farmers in the land of Israel. So, from a Jewish perspective, as a non-Jew, there is nothing shmitta related you are obligated to do. If you have a farm or garden, even if it is in the land of Israel, Jewish law places no restrictions on ...


4

The Chinuch (580) addresses a slightly different but related question: ואולי יעלה במחשבתך בני לאמר, ואיך ימנע אדם מהלואה לעולם מפני זה, ולמה נכתב על זה לאו, והלא בידו להתנות עמו על מנת שלא תשמיטנו בשביעית, וכדרך שאנו עושין תמיד בשטרותינו? אל יבהילך דבר זה, כי התורה תזהירנו בדברים, ואף על פי שאפשר בתקנות ותנאים.‏ And perhaps you, my son, might think ...


4

Rambam Shemitta veYovel 10:10,12 משגלה שבט ראובן ושבט גד וחצי שבט מנשה, בטלו היובלות--שנאמר "וקראתם דרור בארץ, לכל יושביה", בזמן שכל יושביה עליה: והוא שלא יהיו מעורבין שבט בשבט, אלא כולן יושבים כתקנן.‏ ... ובזמן שאין היובל נוהג, אין נוהג עבד עברי, ולא בתי ערי חומה, ולא שדה אחוזה, ולא שדה חרמים, ואין מקבלין גר תושב; ונוהגת שביעית בארץ מדבריהם, ...


4

The first Shemitta year was 21 years after the Jews entered Israel under the leadership of Joshua. According to Seder Olam, that was in the Jewish year 2509 after Creation.


3

Since the Jewish year begins on 1 Tishrei and ends on 29 Elul, your question is essentially to translate 1 Tishrei and 29 Elul of every Shmita year into Gregorian. The Shmita years are those divisible by 7. Since 1900 these years have been: 5663, 5670, 5677, 5684, 5691, 5698, 5705, 5712, 5719, 5726, 5733, 5740, 5747, 5754, 5761, 5768, and 5775 (which began ...


3

Ramba"m in hilchot shemita veyovel (10:2) says that the first shemita was 21 years after Jews entered Israel (14 years until they captured the land and 7 years till the first shemita), which is 2510 years from the creation. Others rule that 2509 year was shemita. However there is no contradiction, becuase it depends from where you begin to count the years. ...


3

The Mishnah in Kiddushin states that most land-dependent mitzvos only apply in Israel. The gemara quotes a beraysa to show that Non-land Mitzvos (חובת הגוף) apply outside Israel. Land-based mitzvos only apply in Israel. Halachically, Shabbos applies everywhere since it is חובת הגוף. Shemitah is a shabbos for land, so it just applies in Israel. ...


3

Although man has free will, God has a world plan and one way or another his plan will succeed. Similarly God has set into Creation that just as scientific laws must not be violated, so too the laws of the Torah are inviolable. With regards to shmittah the land must rest either through the choice of those in the land of Israel or through some other means... ...


3

The MaHaral says that the number 7 is the number of natural occurrence, while the number 8 is for supernatural. Therefore a baby has his Bris on the 8th day to show that we are L'Maalah M'Derech Hatevah. There are many things in the Torah with the number 7. 7 days of the week, 7 years in a Shemita cycle, 7 Shemitas then a Yoveil, and many other examples of ...


2

I realise that this won't fully answer your question, but until somebody with experience of Samaritans weighs in, I can tell you that both Jews and Samaritans determine the agricultural year from the seventh month and not the first. This means that, unlike various other festivals, Jews and Samaritans "celebrate" the Shemittah year at the same time, and ...


2

When speaking of the effect that people have on nature as a result of activities, we often use anthropomorfication as a method of expressing the viewpoint. For example, we have the reference to the land "vomiting out" its inhabitants when abominations are performed in it. Similarly, when shemittah is not adhered to, the spiritual nature of the land is ...


2

Yes. Nowadays every seventh year it is forbidden for Jews to work Jewish owned land in the Land of Israel. Most Rishonim understand that the cancelling of debts applies nowadays everywhere as well (Shulchan Aruch CM 64:1). Note that debts which are secured by collateral or whose collection is the responsibility of the courts are not cancelled (:11-12). ...


2

Rav Ovadia Yosef states that the sefardi poskim allow heter mechira, regardless of if it is a shaas hadchak. He also quotes that Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach paskened in favor of heter mechira. In his sefer שו"ת יביע אומר ח"י), Rav Ovadia, states clearly that it is 100% permitted in this day, and that is regardless of whether it is a time of sakana. But for ...


2

See Gittin 37a where the Gemara states that in order to write a prusbul the borrower does not need to own land of equal value to the loan, but even a miniscule amount of land is sufficient. Therefore, it is certainly worthwhile for the lender to give him a miniscule piece of land, which is worth much less than the debt, to enable him to write a prusbul and ...


1

If it wasn't shemittah, you are right in thinking that returning more than the borrowed amount, if that addition is a recognizable amount, would be usury. This is true despite the fact that returning the same volume is allowed even if the product has increased in value, because it's assumed that such fluctuations aren't significant to neighbors or people who ...


1

According to a shmita gardening guide from the Israeli Religions Ministry, it seems that grass should be planted at least a month before shmita starts, as with a tree. They even recommend having it in before Tammuz, if i understand correctly. (See page 25 of linked document).


1

Judea and Samaria most certainly falls into halachic E.Y. borders. In fact, during the first two temples, that was the center of Jewish life. There may be questions regarding Azza, south of Negev (including Eilat), and the Golan.


1

I think the point is the opposite, that you would think Shmitta is approaching, so you won't lend with any expectation of repayment, so the Torah is saying then give it as a gift, or make it a loan if the person is too proud to take a gift. However, I would point out that in general the concept of a loan here is really tzedakah that you have minimal reason ...


1

Rambam Maaser Sheni 9:7 (based on Mishna Maaser Sheni 5:1): מי שהיה לו נטע רבעי בשנת השמיטה, שיד הכול שווה--צריך לציינו בקוזזות אדמה, כדי שיכירו בו, ולא יאכלו ממנו, עד שיפדו. ואם היה בתוך שני עורלה--מציינין אותו בחרסית, כדי שיפרשו ממנו: שאם ציינו בקוזזות אדמה שמא יתפרדו--שאיסור עורלה חמור הוא, שהיא אסורה בהניה. והצנועין היו מניחין את המעות בשנת השמיטה ...


1

To provide an answer specific to Shemita: Kli Yakar's commentary to Vayikra 25:2, after explaining that the purpose of Shemita is to entrench firm emunah in the Jewish people, and the failure to observe it's laws results in a lack of Emunah וגם הארץ עצמה תקפיד על זה מאד כי רצונה שיתגלגל זכות זה על ידה לחזק האמונה בה' על ידה, ועוד שעל ידי זה יאמינו כי ...


1

I'm not sure if my math or logic is correct, plus this isn't really a complete answer, but here it is: The Rambam, Hilchot Beis Habechirah 1:2 says: The Mishkan moved to Shiloh when the Shmitah calculations started (14 years after they entered the land. The Mishkan was in Shiloh for 369 years. It then moved to Nov, and then on to Givon, where it spent 57 ...


1

The Bavli in Sukka talking about collecting wood, not treeing. According to the Kesef-Mishne, Rashbag says it is allowed implies that Rabanan (the other) says it is forbidden. Rambam holding like Rabanan.



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