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9

Interestingly, the Torah itself doesn't mention anything special we are celebrating, nor does it give any specific Mitzvah to relate to (besides the special קרבן מוסף). The Yalkut Pinchas 782(ילקוט שמעוני פרשת פנחס רמז תשפב) brings a משל describing Sukot as a party a king has with many friends. When the party is over he asks his son to stay a bit longer to ...


7

Sitting in the sukkah can be considered a "passive" action, for without saying a berakhah (ברכה) all we're doing is simply sitting and eating outside. However, shaking the Lulav is an "active" or "positive" action which is very specific to Sukkot, and as such, it is not done for the same reasons we don't say a berakhah when sitting in the sukkah on Shmini ...


5

This question is, of course, the subject of a large part of the 1st Perek in Ta'anis. The reason we begin to mention Hashem's power of rain on Shemini Atzeres (Mashiv Haruach) is discussed in Ta'anis 2a-3a and is related to the Nisuch Hamayim in the Bais HaMikdash. The reasons we don't actually begin asking for rain then (V'Sain Tal Umatar)are: Rain on ...


5

Actually, there are two different formats, depending on your nusach, but both different from the "standard": Shmini Atzeret Hachag Hazeh Shmini Chag HaAtzeret Hazeh Either way, you should realize that the chag's name is not "Shmini Atzeret", but it is "an Atzeret on the eighth day". That is, it's really an "anonymous" chag, and not part of Sukkot, but an ...


4

We can discover what we are celebrating by examining the two main actions of that day: changing the second Amidah blessing to "Who causes the wind to blow and the rain to fall" changing the number of sacrifices for the gentile nations to only one sacrifice (when sacrifices were offered in the Temple). I see those mitzvot directly answer what we ...


4

Below is what R' Hirsch says on the subject (Commentary on Lev. 23:36, on p. 684 - 686 of the original Levy translation, with italicized transliterations, elisions, and added paragraph divisions by me). Very brief summary: The special nature of the holiday is indicated by its name "Atzeret," meaning "a preserving summing up" (R' Hirsch's translation), and ...


4

The Bnei Bavel would finish the Torah every year by dividing the Parshios the way we do now, however the Bnei Eretz Yisroel would only finish it every 3 1/2 years and thus would not even celebrate Simchas Torah on a yearly basis. The Minhag if the Bnei Bavel was to celebrate the completion of the Torah on the 9th day of Yom Tov - on the day of Safeik Yom of ...


4

Perhaps Miriam is alluded to in the verse יִחַד לֵב וְגָל אֶבֶן מִפִּי בְאֵר מַיִם and also in the verse קוֹרֵא וּמַזֶּה טָהֳרַת *מַיִם ר*וּחַק מֵעַם פַּחַז כַּמָּיִם Another thought: When Miriam was Nifteres it says that the water continued in the Zechus of Moshe who was still living. ...


3

Taken from Artscroll's Daily Dose ed. 1 vol. 14 p. 272: Answer #1: The author of these piyutim believes that Moshe's sin was not hitting the rock, but for some other reason. Problem: Although it is not a sin, why mention it at all? The prayer is about recalling the merits of people relating to rain. Answer #2: It is referring to the incident in Beshalach ...


2

The simple answer would be that we avoid any behavior that slaps the new yomtov of Shmini Atzeres in the face (such as shaking lulav). To eat in the sukkah is no big deal, as plenty of people eat on porches or gazebos or what-have-you when the weather's nice, no religious ritual required. So in places where it was ridiculously cold on Shmini Atzeres, they ...


2

Yeshivas Chaim Berlin, as litvisha yeshiva on Coney Island Ave. in Brooklyn, does hskafos on Shmini Atzeres at night. They come back to the yeshiva after eating the seudah and the Rosh Yeshiva speaks (gives a maimar) in the sukkah. Afterwards they go inside and dance hakafos. The hakofos usually do no start until 2-3 AM.


2

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 668:1 rules that in chutz l'aretz one is required to eat in the sukkah, but that one does not make the beracha of lasheiv basukkah. The Kaf HaHayyim 668:8 rules that this applies to all eating (not just the seudot), but that someone who is machmir to not eat fruit outside the sukkah on Sukkot can be meikil on Shemini Atzeret. The ...


1

The Pri Megadim in Ashel Avraham Siman 188 Sif-Katan 18 discusses this exact shailo. He writes that it is similar to the shailo of when Rosh Chodesh comes out after Shabbos and one eats after nightfall. According to the Taz one mentions both Shabbos and Rosh Chodesh. He said so to in this case one would mention both Sukkos and Shmini Atzeres (which is quite ...


1

This is not a particularly satisfying answer, but I always assumed it was because she's female. While there exist some rare references to women elsewhere in Jewish liturgy, it's far more common practice to leave them out. (For example, I was quite struck that the imahot are included during yizkor -- it seemed unfamiliar after so many daily mentions of ...



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