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9

Interestingly, the Torah itself doesn't mention anything special we are celebrating, nor does it give any specific Mitzvah to relate to (besides the special קרבן מוסף). The Yalkut Pinchas 782(ילקוט שמעוני פרשת פנחס רמז תשפב) brings a משל describing Sukot as a party a king has with many friends. When the party is over he asks his son to stay a bit longer to ...


9

Sitting in the sukkah can be considered a "passive" action, for without saying a berakhah (ברכה) all we're doing is simply sitting and eating outside. However, shaking the Lulav is an "active" or "positive" action which is very specific to Sukkot, and as such, it is not done for the same reasons we don't say a berakhah when sitting in the sukkah on Shmini ...


7

Bzir Aviezer - Rabbi Chaim Aviezer Morgenstern Zatzal explains as follows based on the Gemara in Taanis 10a which says that Hashem gives rain to Eretz Yisrael by himself and other locations through a messenger. Rabbi Yochanan who was in Eretz Yisrael said that rain comes directly from Hashem. Raba who was out of Eretz Yisrael saw the Malach Ridiya who is in ...


6

Rav Tzadok HaCohen of Lublin wrote an over 60 page pamphlet defending the practice of not eating in the Sukkah on Shmini Atzeres, called "Meishiv Tzedek".


5

The Baal HaTanya writes in his siddur: מנהג ותיקין הוא לעשות יום שמיני עצרת גם כן כמו בשמחת תורה It is a custom of the ancients(?) to do on Shmini Atzeres like on Simchas on Torah ... And then going on to describe Hakafos. Rabbi Nachum Greenwald notes that the language seems to paraphrase the Mishnas Chassidim, but the Mishnas Chassidim is ...


5

Taken from Artscroll's Daily Dose ed. 1 vol. 14 p. 272: Answer #1: The author of these piyutim believes that Moshe's sin was not hitting the rock, but for some other reason. Problem: Although it is not a sin, why mention it at all? The prayer is about recalling the merits of people relating to rain. Answer #2: It is referring to the incident in Beshalach ...


5

This question is, of course, the subject of a large part of the 1st Perek in Ta'anis. The reason we begin to mention Hashem's power of rain on Shemini Atzeres (Mashiv Haruach) is discussed in Ta'anis 2a-3a and is related to the Nisuch Hamayim in the Bais HaMikdash. The reasons we don't actually begin asking for rain then (V'Sain Tal Umatar)are: Rain on ...


5

Actually, there are two different formats, depending on your nusach, but both different from the "standard": Shmini Atzeret Hachag Hazeh Shmini Chag HaAtzeret Hazeh Either way, you should realize that the chag's name is not "Shmini Atzeret", but it is "an Atzeret on the eighth day". That is, it's really an "anonymous" chag, and not part of Sukkot, but an ...


5

The Bnei Bavel would finish the Torah every year by dividing the Parshios the way we do now, however the Bnei Eretz Yisroel would only finish it every 3 1/2 years and thus would not even celebrate Simchas Torah on a yearly basis. The Minhag if the Bnei Bavel was to celebrate the completion of the Torah on the 9th day of Yom Tov - on the day of Safeik Yom of ...


4

To answer the first question: yes. Because of 'sfeika deyoma', one should sit in the sukkah even on Shemini Atzeres just as one would on the other days of Sukkos. The Gemara Sukkah 47a (as we have it) concludes this way, and says that we should sit in the Sukkah, but not make a bracha. (The reasons for this, as I understand it, is either because it might be ...


4

I've been to multiple congregations that use Nusach Sfard but aren't particularly Chassidish that do Hakafot both nights.


4

We can discover what we are celebrating by examining the two main actions of that day: changing the second Amidah blessing to "Who causes the wind to blow and the rain to fall" changing the number of sacrifices for the gentile nations to only one sacrifice (when sacrifices were offered in the Temple). I see those mitzvot directly answer what we ...


4

Below is what R' Hirsch says on the subject (Commentary on Lev. 23:36, on p. 684 - 686 of the original Levy translation, with italicized transliterations, elisions, and added paragraph divisions by me). Very brief summary: The special nature of the holiday is indicated by its name "Atzeret," meaning "a preserving summing up" (R' Hirsch's translation), and ...


4

Perhaps Miriam is alluded to in the verse יִחַד לֵב וְגָל אֶבֶן מִפִּי בְאֵר מַיִם and also in the verse קוֹרֵא וּמַזֶּה טָהֳרַת *מַיִם ר*וּחַק מֵעַם פַּחַז כַּמָּיִם Another thought: When Miriam was Nifteres it says that the water continued in the Zechus of Moshe who was still living. ...


3

This is dealt with in the gemara in maseches taanis. We start the mention of mashiv haruach in the chazan's repetition of shemonah esrei for Musaf of Shmini Atzeres. Once it is started, the gemoro states that even when we have a second day of Yom Tov (Simchas Torah), we continue without a break. The question had been whether to stop after mincha until musaf ...


3

I think the paytan was working the other way. He had a list of holy 'shepherds' in who's zchus we beseach water, he filled in the stanzas with something about water concerning them all. This is very apparent from some of the forced associations. The one about Avraham is all poetic and nothing literal. Mentioning Moshe being thrown in the water seems strange. ...


3

This is not a particularly satisfying answer, but I always assumed it was because she's female. While there exist some rare references to women elsewhere in Jewish liturgy, it's far more common practice to leave them out. (For example, I was quite struck that the imahot are included during yizkor -- it seemed unfamiliar after so many daily mentions of ...


2

The simple answer would be that we avoid any behavior that slaps the new yomtov of Shmini Atzeres in the face (such as shaking lulav). To eat in the sukkah is no big deal, as plenty of people eat on porches or gazebos or what-have-you when the weather's nice, no religious ritual required. So in places where it was ridiculously cold on Shmini Atzeres, they ...


2

Yeshivas Chaim Berlin, as litvisha yeshiva on Coney Island Ave. in Brooklyn, does hskafos on Shmini Atzeres at night. They come back to the yeshiva after eating the seudah and the Rosh Yeshiva speaks (gives a maimar) in the sukkah. Afterwards they go inside and dance hakafos. The hakofos usually do no start until 2-3 AM.


2

We do not do so. You didn't ask why not, but, for anyone interested, there are good and ample reasons.


2

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 668:1 rules that in chutz l'aretz one is required to eat in the sukkah, but that one does not make the beracha of lasheiv basukkah. The Kaf HaHayyim 668:8 rules that this applies to all eating (not just the seudot), but that someone who is machmir to not eat fruit outside the sukkah on Sukkot can be meikil on Shemini Atzeret. The ...


2

The Nussach HaGra as practiced by the Perushim (Talmidim of the Vilna Gaon in Jerusalem) as well as many Litvishe (Haredi) Yeshivot in Israel do not say this - nor almost any other Piyut (except on Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippour). Their Tefilat-Geshem consists of a few snippets of the original, and is said before the silent Mussaf on Shmini Atzeret. You can ...


1

The Rabbi of my shul spoke about this question this year. He said that in Israel, a person from chutz la'aretz should sit in a sukkah lechatchila on Shmini Atzeret.


1

The Pri Megadim in Ashel Avraham Siman 188 Sif-Katan 18 discusses this exact shailo. He writes that it is similar to the shailo of when Rosh Chodesh comes out after Shabbos and one eats after nightfall. According to the Taz one mentions both Shabbos and Rosh Chodesh. He said so to in this case one would mention both Sukkos and Shmini Atzeres (which is quite ...


1

The following is taken from the Torah Tavlin parsha sheet - Chukas 5774 The word להקדישני explains Rashi, is meant to denote Kiddush Hashem. Had Moshe spoken to the rock, as Hashem commanded, and not hit it the way he did, it would have created a great sanctification of Hashem’s name, and the people would say, “Look how the rock, which does not speak ...


1

It happened twice, you know. The first time he was supposed to hit it, did so, and wasn't taken to task. I have no source, but imagine the piyut is referring to this.



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