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7

After the reign of Solomon, the nation was divided into 2 kingdoms, North and South (the kingdoms of Israel and Judah respectively). The Northern Kingdom (sometimes called "Ephraim") was composed of most of the tribes while the southern kingdom, Judah, was made up mostly of Judah, Benjamin and some of Levi (though I have heard that there were a few ...


7

Rashi asks this question - and answers it in 2 ways: רש"י: אלה ראשי בית אבותם. מתוך שהוזקק ליחס שבטו של לוי עד משה ואהרן בשביל משה ואהרן, התחיל ליחסם דרך תולדותם (ה) מראובן. (ובפסיקתא גדולה ראיתי, לפי שקנטרם יעקב אבינו לשלשה שבטים הללו בשעת מותו, חזר הכתוב ויחסם כאן לבדם, לומר שחשובים הם): ‏ שפתי חכמים (ה) וא"ת עדיין יש להקשות למה לא התחיל ...


5

Sifsei Chachamim brings this question from Rabi Elazar Mizrachi who left it as a question. The Sifsei Chachamim goes on to suggest that this limud is to tell us that Shevet Levi was not even involved in the council to send spies. He quotes Rashi, who's words are now clearer, who says Levi was not with them, but did not say Levi did not go with them.


5

A person who does not have a Jewish father (whether a convert or a Jew because of the mother) does not belong to any of the twelves tribes. The reason is that tribal membership follows the status of the father. An example is the case of the blasphemer at the end of Parshas Emor (24:10-23) He was the son of an Egyptian man and an Israelite woman of the tribe ...


4

in sefer hayashar parshas vayeishev page kuf ayin beis (172) "(transltated from the hebrew) ...and to yovav ben yokton two daughters the older one was adinah and the younger was aridah and levi took adinah and yissachar took aridah" so the answer to your question is acording to sefer hayashar the name of levis wife is adinah


4

In parshas Vayeishev the Seffer Hayashar says her name was Adina.


4

Rabbis today come from all tribes; there are no ancestral requirements for the job. Actually, if your ancestors were Temple priests (see below), you can't attend funerals unless they're of immediate family [Leviticus 21:1]; so many synagogues do not want to hire a rabbi who's of priestly ancestry -- he can't do funerals! There are special synagogue honors ...


4

Sure. We see in Yehoshua 1:13-15 that he reminds all two and a half tribes of "what Moshe the servant of Hashem commanded you," and after it's all over he calls all of them (Yehoshua 22:1-3) and praises them for keeping their word, using the same expression. Meshech Chochma explains why the condition wasn't explicitly mentioned by Moses to the half tribe of ...


3

The Gur Aryeh explains this Rashi. He cites the question of Rabbi Eliyahu Mizrachi (the Re'em) והקשה הרא״ם, דכבר כתיב בפרשת שלח (במדבר יג, ל-טו) שנים עשר אנשים, כל אחד בשמו, ולא נכתב כלל אחד משבט לוי עמהם, and then answers: ואין זה קשיא, דהאי ׳מגיד׳, פירושו, מה שהוצרך משה רבנו עליו השלום לומר לישראל ״שנים עשר אנשים״, כדי לומר משה לישראל ...


3

As @DoubleAA suggested, the answer is on the pictures "web title", which I see when resting the mouse on each image. From right to left, you have Gad, Re'uven, Shimon and Ephraim. You don't have a pic for Menashe.


3

The earliest source of what happened appears to be the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, who was familiar with both Jewish oral tradition and Scripture. In the First Century, he wrote in Book 2, Chapter 3, of his Antiquity of the Jews: (32) But Judas, being one of Jacob’s sons also, seeing some Arabians, of the posterity of Ismael, carrying spices and ...


2

The Taz asks this question in his Divrei Dovid and answers that Yosef had not actually attempted to have the Egyptians circumcise themselves, he was merely proving to them to what extent they were required to heed his every command. Then afterwards there was no circumcision carried out.


2

The Mizrachi (44:20) suggests that they said Yosef was missing when they first met him, but they said, when they next met him (with the gift of fruit), that he'd died. The Gur Arye (44:20) suggests that by "dead" they meant "missing, presumed dead" (but they still sought him).


2

If you were living in the time of the destruction of the Northern kingdom, you would have many options where to go. Certainly many individuals went south to join the Tribes of Yehuda and Benyamin. By the time of the exile of the North, many individuals had intermarried into different tribes. Once they left the North, there was no longer any reason to keep ...


2

Rabbi Etshalom says that the brothers were out of sight of the pit and were waiting for the Yishmaelim. They did not see the Midyanim take him out of the pit. When Reuven came and found him gone, they did not know what happened either. In fact, some commentaries say that they would have weakened even more and had he been in the pit, (and Reuven pulled him ...


2

Divrei Hayomim 2:18 says that Caleb was the son of Chetzron. Radak there says that this is Caleb ben Yefune. Radak says he was known as ben Yefune since he turned away from the Meraglim's blasphemy of the land. Ibn Ezra disagrees and says his father's name was Yefune and his grandfather's name was Kenaz.


2

There are a number of answers offered at http://www.aish.com/tp/i/moha/97763584.html The first two tribes, Reuven and Gad, were involved in the negotiations with Moshe from the outset. How did the tribe or part of the tribe of Menashe get themselves involved in this? The text itself is silent; therefore the commentaries feel free to offer different ...


2

Ashkenaz and Sfard ar modern divisions based on where those groups lived during the time of the galus. They have nothing to do with the original division into the twelve tribe. Consider that after the revolt against rechav'am (son of Shlomo Hamelech) many members of the twelve tribes resettled in Yehudah because they maintained loyalty to Hashem. After the ...


1

Rashi (Numbers 32:12) says that Calev is called "Kenizite" after his stepfather Kenaz (so "the Kenizzite" refers to him, not to Yefuneh). And I Chronicles 4:15 (thanks @DoubleAA) says he had a grandson named Kenaz (or maybe Ukenaz), probably named after his stepfather.


1

Apperentaly, yes, the Ashkenazi Jews are (part of) the Tribe of Judah (which is the source of the word "Jew", in Hebrew "יהודה" is the Tribe of Judah and "יהודי" is Jewish) and the Tribe of Binyamin (those two tribes were not exiled with the rest of Bnei Yisrael). And so are the Spheradic Jews. In Addition, the Tribe of Levi was disperssed and assimilated ...


1

The Abarbanal on Numbers 2 explains this. He explains that ideally since there are 12 tribes that come from 4 mothers that there would be two groups of 3 tribes from לאה, one group from רחל and another from the שפחות. However, since Levi was not with the other tribes (since he was in the middle), the groups were put in this way: Yehuda, Yisaschar, and ...


1

Reuben – The First Shimeon – The Aggressor Levi – The priest Judah – The Leader Dan – The Judge Naphtali – The Free Spirit Gad – The Warrior Asher – The Prosperous One Issachar – The Scholar Zebulun – The Businessperson Joseph – The Sufferer Menashe – Reconnection Ephraim – Transformation Benjamin – The ...


1

מב-{כא}וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־אָחִ֗יו אֲבָל֮ אֲשֵׁמִ֣ים ׀ אֲנַחְנוּ֮ עַל־אָחִינוּ֒ אֲשֶׁ֨ר רָאִ֜ינוּ צָרַ֥ת נַפְשׁ֛וֹ בְּהִתְחַֽנְנ֥וֹ אֵלֵ֖ינוּ וְלֹ֣א שָׁמָ֑עְנוּ עַל־כֵּן֙ בָּ֣אָה אֵלֵ֔ינוּ הַצָּרָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת׃ מב-{כב}וַיַּעַן֩ רְאוּבֵ֨ן אֹתָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר הֲלוֹא֩ אָמַ֨רְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶ֧ם ׀ לֵאמֹ֛ר אַל־תֶּחֶטְא֥וּ בַיֶּ֖לֶד וְלֹ֣א שְׁמַעְתֶּ֑ם ...



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