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8

The Talmud (Berakhot 13b) is the original source for this custom. Here there is a mention of Rabbi Judah the Prince covering his eyes while he said the Shema to block out the distractions of the students around him. This behavior was codified in the Shulhan Arukh (OH 61:4-5). from ...


5

Nefesh HaChaim Shaar Gimmel Perek Beis(1): אבל אדון כל ית"ש הוא מלא את כל העולמות והנבראי' ואינם חוצצים חלילה נגדו יתב' כלל באמת. ואין עוד מלבדו ית' ממש שום דבר כלל בכל העולמות. מהעליון שבעליונים עד התהום התחתון שבתהומות הארץ. עד שתוכל לומר שאין כאן שום נברא ועולם כלל רק הכל מלא עצמות אחדותו הפשוט ית"ש. Perek Gimmel(2): שאם ח"ו יקחנו לבנו לקבוע לנו ...


5

The gemara there also recounts the story of an Amora who specifically stood up in order to show that he was not following the position of Beis Shammai. The Bach in hilchos krias shema (Orech Chaim 63), cited by the mishna berura (same place), rules that one should be careful not to sit down just before shema in order to not give the impression that he is ...


4

שם - a name refers to reputation, or how something is known. טוב שם משמן טוב (Koheles 7:1) means a good reputation is better than oil. One who is מוציא שם רע - וְשָׂם לָהּ עֲלִילֹת דְּבָרִים, וְהוֹצִא עָלֶיהָ שֵׁם רָע (Devarim 22:14) - has created a bad reputation. The idea of a name is that which you use for others to relate to you - one does not ...


3

See the following explanation of the Abarbenel who unites the explanation of the Talmud with the explanation of the Midrash and resolves your question. He explains that "baruch shem..." refers to a deeper understanding of the unity of God. This is why it is reserved for angels and Moshe did not want to say it in the Torah. However, Yaackov, speaking ...


2

in chabad chassidus the first question is a foundation and commonly brought up and answered all over the place there are hundreds of pages on it alone and in a nutshell heres the main point the command is to try your best at loving hashem by thinking about certain things that will inspire love ( one of the most common is consider his greatness and the fact ...


2

This is a thorny issue, and lots of poskim have dealt with the issue of havarot (pronunciation systems for Hebrew) -- you can see a nice summary here. I think the most lucid summary of the situation is given by Rav Moshe Feinstein in Igros Moshe OC 3:5. He explains that it's true that Hebrew had an original havara (pronunciation) that all the modern havarot ...


1

Try this, this, this, or this.


1

Generally, saying blessings, studying Torah aloud, and thinking about Torah matters are all prohibited when in the presence of a foul odor. As the Shulkhan Aruch states (OC 85:2): א אפי' להרהר בד"ת, אסור בבית הכסא ובבית המרחץ ובמקום הטנופת, והוא המקום שיש בו צואה ומי רגלים. הגה: ואפי' הלכות המרחץ אסור ללמוד במרחץ (ר"ן פ' כירה וב"י בשם א"ח). דברים של ...


1

The basic logic behind saying Kel Melech ne'eman is that the text of Shema itself contains 245 words, but there is a tradition (from Kaf Hachaim 61:10) to add 3 more to equal 248, so that it is k'neged the number of limbs in the body. Therefore, we add in Kel melech ne'eman when praying alone, since we don't have the chazzan to say "Hashem elokeichem emet." ...


1

The quote presented here is incomplete, causing some misunderstanding. The larger quote is: כמאמר רז"ל שהוא אחד בשבעה רקיעים ובארץ ובד' רוחות העולם ר"ל שגם בשמים ובארץ ובד' רוחות העולם שהם בחי' ו"ק העולם בחי' התחלקות ופירוד אעפ"כ שורה ומתגלה יחודו ואחדותו ית' Like the saying of the sages that He is one in the seven heavens and in the earth and in ...


1

The Tur (OC 46) had the same issue as you. He writes that the custom around him was to say Birkot haTorah and some Torah content before Pesukei deZimra but after reciting the "Leolam Yehei" and "Attah Hu" prayers which themselves contain Torah content including verses. Accordingly he changed his own practice to say Birkot haTorah immediately after Elohai ...



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