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11

The Gra writes (Shenot Eliyahu to Brachot 1:1) that you have to read Shema yourself and you cannot fulfill your obligation by listening to another. (This is not universally agreed to, but see the next point.) As for the blessings, the whole point of having a Chazzan starting from (just before) Barchu is for him to recite the blessings of Keriat Shema out ...


6

Not to disagree with anyone, but if we look to the example of Rabbi Akiva as stated explicitly in Brachot 61b, it says that he fulfilled the mitzvah of Kriat Shema by ending on the word "Echod" at the end of the first posuk only. It explains that as he was dieing during his execution, he explained to his students that he had waited all his life to fulfill ...


4

I don't see how it could be the first meaning. It doesn't say that he must only move his lips but שיוציא - emit it with them. Also, there would be no need to mention לאזנו if he made no sound at all (just השמיע would suffice). The sense is a sound that is emitted by his mouth but inaudible to his ears.


3

According to this text provided by Chabad.org to say on the deathbed, one would say ברוך שם...‏ three times as well as a few other lines after saying שמע ישראל.


3

The issue is not just whether something is or is not a prayer, but also whether it is a דבר שבקדושה. The Beit Yosef brings (OC 565:5) in the name of Rashba that an individual (not in a minyan) shouldn't say the 13 Attributes in the context of בקשת רחמים (requesting mercy), since that is a דבר שבקדושה (learned from the gemara on Rosh Hashanah 17b). However, ...


3

According to the "Duties of the Heart" love of God is a very advanced level. It requires lots of foundation work as explained in chapter 3 of the Gate of Love of God there. Here is an excerpt. You'll need to study the whole book to fully understand his words. What is the way to attaining love of G-d? I answer this question as follows: This request is ...


3

The Shulchan Aruch's organization is based on that of the Tur. In particular, here, the laws listed in the question are presented in the same order, with the same section-numbering, in the Tur. So, the question is why :22 and :23 are in that order in the Tur. When the Tur presents the laws in 61:16-22, it does so without explicitly citing sources, ...


2

Some possibilities that come to mind: hefsek (unnecessary interruption between the Shema and its blessings) motzi shem shamayim l'vatala (saying the divine name without justification) going against an established minhag klal yisrael (custom) going against an established p'sak halacha (assuming the normative ruling is not to)


2

In the respective inside back covers of the popular sidurim תפלת כל פה (where the chart is in Hebrew) and תהלת ה׳ (where it's in English and according to Chabad-Lubavitch practice). ArtScroll sidurim have the same info on the pages of "Baruch sheamar" and "Yishtabach", but not in chart form.


2

"Modern Orthodox," like its superset, "Orthodox," does not refer to a particular ethno-historial line of tradition, like "Yemenite" or "Galician," or to a particular centrally-led movement, like Chabad or Conservative. As such, it can't possibly have a well-defined notion of a particular tradition of pronunciation. A teacher in a MO school (or any other ...


2

Chazal say that the first Parsha is to warn the yachid(individual) and the second Parsha is repeated to warn the tzibbur(the community). (Rashi, on second Parsha, Deut/11/13). The question is asked, (I think it is brought earlier, but I just found it quoted in Artscroll from Maskil L'David), "Why does it say you must dedicate 3 things ["all your heart, all ...


2

All texts and links below from this extensive article: It is first mentioned in the Siddur of Rashi - albeit in a slightly different version: מימיני מיכאל משמאלי גבריאל, מאחורי אוריאל, מלפני רפאל ושכינת אל על ראשי. R' Pinchas Eliyahu of Vilna writes in Sefer Habris that ואתה בן אדם שים פניך לדבר הזה מן היום הזה ומעלה שתרגיל את עצמך בכל עת ובכל ...


2

The view of R. Ovadiah Yosef (as presented in his son's Kitzur Yalkut Yosef 58:3) is that the latest time to fulfill the mitzvah of shma is 3 shaot zmaniot (variable hours) into the day. Optimally these should be reckoned beginning with dawn and ending with the emergence of 3 stars as per the view of the Magen Avraham, but in pressing cases one may rely on ...


1

In my סידור אוצר התפלות, the commentary of the עיון תפלה says that in the מחזור בני רומא the Shema is said after completing the prayer of Aleinu Leshabeyach.



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