Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

11

The Gra writes (Shenot Eliyahu to Brachot 1:1) that you have to read Shema yourself and you cannot fulfill your obligation by listening to another. (This is not universally agreed to, but see the next point.) As for the blessings, the whole point of having a Chazzan starting from (just before) Barchu is for him to recite the blessings of Keriat Shema out ...


10

Yotzer Or and Yotzer Hameorot are actually part of the same long bracha. It has both an opening an closing bracha. See Rambam, Hilchot Kriat Shma 1:5-7. Halacha 5 says: הקורא קריאת שמע מברך לפניה ולאחריה ביום מברך שתים לפניה ואחת לאחריה ובלילה מברך שתים לפניה ושתים לאחריה. In the morning, there are 2 before Shma, and 1 after. For night, it's 2 and 2. ...


8

The Sefer Hachinuch interprets this verb as the source that the commandment stated here is to believe in God, and not merely to profess belief in God. His piece on Commandment 417 begins: מצות אחדות השם - שנצטוינו להאמין כי השם יתברך הוא הפועל כל המציאות, אדון הכל, אחד בלי שום שתוף, שנאמר (דברים ו ד) שמע ישראל יי אלהינו יי אחד, וזה מצות עשה הוא, אינה ...


6

The Lubavitcher Rebbe started a campaign (in 1983 - the beginning of 5744) that everyone should say the Hareini Mekabel before davening and אך צדיקים afterwards. Rabbi Palteil speaks about the history and reasons for this here (at about the 21 minute mark). This was a previous practice, as the Alter Rebbe of Lubavitch put it in his siddur to say that. The ...


6

He should say Shema absolutely immediately as the printed time may not be completely exact. (See ShA OC 46:9 with commentaries. The assumption there is that one who can't say the blessings of Shema then (because he needs to say them just prior to his Amida which must be said with a Minyan) should still say Shema at its proper time without its blessings even ...


5

The words Shema Yisrael are usually translated as "Hear, Israel" or "Listen, Israel." However, the word appears with a different meaning elsewhere in Tanach: Shmuel 1 15:4: וַיְשַׁמַּע שָׁאוּל אֶת הָעָם, And Shaul gathered the nation Metzudas Tzion there: וישמע" - ענין אסיפה הבאה בשמיעת קול המאסף" Vayishama - gathering that happens ...


5

NOTE: both of these are only partial answers; the 1st may be against the Rashba and the 2nd is disputed First Answer The simplest answer might be that the times of getting up and going to sleep are based on when non-Jews, who are exempt from Shema, wake up (after all, non-Jews do make up the vast majority of the human population). Rishonim (see Tos. 2b) ...


5

Shulchan Oruch Orach Chayyim 30 (2) MB [3, 4] forbids wearing Tefillin at nighttime. MB explains that this is a Rabbinic prohibition in case he would fall asleep wearing them and emit wind from below. The source seems to be the gemoro in Shabbos 49a about half-way down. The link here will show you where to access the gemoro text to paste in. א"ר ינאי ...


4

I don't see how it could be the first meaning. It doesn't say that he must only move his lips but שיוציא - emit it with them. Also, there would be no need to mention לאזנו if he made no sound at all (just השמיע would suffice). The sense is a sound that is emitted by his mouth but inaudible to his ears.


4

The Behr Siddur (Siddur Avodath Yisroel by Roedelheim, 1868) says in the footnotes: This is not found in the Siddurim of the Sefardim, nor in most handwritten Siddurim. (Rav Amrom, Rokach, Kol Bo, etc.) and therefore it appears to have been copied here from the Malchioth of the Rosh Hashana Mussaf.


3

שלחן ערוך ס"א:ג בִּקְרִיאַת שְׁמַע יֵשׁ רמ''ה תֵּבוֹת, וּכְדֵי לְהַשְׁלִים רמ''ח כְּנֶגֶד אֵיבָרָיו שֶׁל אָדָם, מְסַיֵּם שְׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר (ב) ה' אֱלֹקיכֶם אֱמֶת, וְחוֹזֵר וְאוֹמֵר בְּקוֹל רָם ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֱמֶת:‏ In shema there are 245 words, and in order to get to 248 words (corresponding to the number of bones in a human body), the ...


3

Often in Tana"ch, the word "Shema" doesn't mean "hear" - using ears. It means "understand". Example of this - Na'aseh V'nishma - the response B'nai Yisra'el gave upon accepting the giving of the Torah - means, "We will do, and we will understand". Talmud Brachot (don't recall exact page) mentions that the recital of the Shema is comparable to reciting the ...


3

The Shulchan Aruch 61:5 writes: נוהגין ליתן ידיהם על פניהם בקריאת פסוק ראשון כדי שלא יסתכל בדבר אחר שמונעו מלכוין: And the Mishna Brurah 17 explains it as: ידיהם - ר"ל יד ימין The Rivevos Ephraim 4:44:97 brings two ideas one that one takes both hands the left in the right and covers their eyes so they cant see and be disturbed from their kavana. He also ...


2

A practice appeared which was to touch the Tzitzis when saying והיה לכם לציצית וראיתם אותו. This is mentioned in the Tur Orach Chaim at the end of siman 61. Previously, in siman 24, he mentioned a Bal Haitur that explained the practice of people to gather together the strings and put them on their eyes, and rationalized, perhaps they do this because of ...


2

As I recall from when my children were the age you imply (40 years ago) I would cover my eyes and the child would imitate me by covering his or her own eyes. Since they were learning by saying it with me, it was part of teaching them. I do not recall a specific psak. It did not take long for them to learn what to do.


2

There is a dispute regarding the performance of mitzvoth in general, as to whether they require any kavanah at all or not. Halachipedia outlines 2 types of Kavanah: the concentration on the mitzvah to the exclusion of anything else and a sincerity of heart about what one is saying prior to performing a mitzvah one should think that I am hereby ...


1

In my סידור אוצר התפלות, the commentary of the עיון תפלה says that in the מחזור בני רומא the Shema is said after completing the prayer of Aleinu Leshabeyach.


1

All texts and links below from this extensive article: It is first mentioned in the Siddur of Rashi - albeit in a slightly different version: מימיני מיכאל משמאלי גבריאל, מאחורי אוריאל, מלפני רפאל ושכינת אל על ראשי. R' Pinchas Eliyahu of Vilna writes in Sefer Habris that ואתה בן אדם שים פניך לדבר הזה מן היום הזה ומעלה שתרגיל את עצמך בכל עת ובכל ...


1

In a situation where he will be going to daven with a Minyan who do not reach Kiryat Shema on time, the normal thing to do is recite it before going to Shul, without the brachas because the bracha after to Gaal Yisrael then needs to be followed immediately by the Amidah. Therefore it would seem in this situation he should do the same: recite Shema now, then ...


1

This information is not a direct answer (it touches on an aspect of the case) but is too lengthy for a comment -- apologies in advance. This comes from an email I get daily: If one did not say Krias Shema in the morning before the end of three hours into the day (which is the latest proper time to say it) one should say it during the fourth hour of the day ...


1

The "hear" is critical to this verse, because this word lies in logical parallel to "the Lord our God." The Masoretic Text contains cantillation marks which serve not only to indicate the stress and accents on the Hebrew words, but to provide musical harmony to "sing" the Scripture, which aids in memorization. The way the words are pronounced (based on the ...


1

From torah.org: Rambam rules (as is the ruling of the Gemara; see below) that both "audible" and "careful" reading of K'riat Sh'ma are desiderata L'khat'hilah but are not indispensable. The Mishnah in Berakhot (2:3) cites the following two disputes: "If someone read K'riat Sh'ma and did not hear his own reading, (R. Yehuda says:*) Yatza, R. ...


1

The Dirshu Mishna Berura (סי' סא, note 5 in the first edition [=not the "expanded" edition]) cites שו"ת דברי יציב (Likutim סי' י"ב) that it's "obvious" (פשוט) that one who wears glasses can fulfill this halacha by covering his glasses with his hands, directly, as there is no issue of חציצה (IOW; there is no issue if something comes between one's hand and ...


1

If one is wearing glasses he does not need to take them off rather he can place his hand over them(Oz Nedabru 12:53)



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible