Hot answers tagged shavuos
Good question! This question was discussed ~2,000 years ago in the Talmud in Tractate Menachot folios 65b - 66a. Multiple answers are given - with proofs from the Bible - why the "morrow after the Sabbath" refers to the 2nd day of Pessach and not to [the following] Sunday. Here's the original. You can read this in English here.: איתותב חגא דשבועיא ...
This was the opinion of the Boethusians in the time of the second temple. This reading of the verse was rejected as it is not the interpretation of the Sages of the Mishna. The basis of the dispute is the word sabbbath - does this mean the sabbath ie. the 7th day of the week, or does it mean "week", the Boethusian interpretation would make no sense in this ...
They would take out a separate Sefer Torah and read the curses, in addition to the standard weekly parshah. Source: I heard it directly from a well-known rav, who based it on the Rambam Hil. Tefillah, 13:1-2.
Rav S.R. Hirsch in the Collected Writings Vol.1 in an article entitled "The Uniqueness of the Torah" writes that the connection between Shavuos and Matan Torah is only stated in the Torah Shebaal Peh in order to teach us that someone who does not accept the Torah Shebaal Peh never has had a Kabolas Hatorah
The Ta'amei Haminhagim (618) mentions this reason: The reason that we are awake all night on the night of Shavuos and are busy with (learning) Torah is because the Bnei Yisrael slept all night and Hashem had to wake them, as we see in the Midrash. Therefore we need to fix this. (Magen Avraham OC:494) Magen Avraham was written mid-17th Century
The Shulchan Aruch brings (תצ"ד, ג): נוהגין הרבה להיות נעורים כל הלילה לעסוק בתורה Quoting the Zohar (מ"א שם ד"ה איתא, בשם הזהר ח"א ח, א. ח"ג צח, רע"א. ח"י שם) The Aruch HaShulchan (תצ"ד, ג) reinstates the connections to Mattan Torah and links it to a Zohar: והחסידים הקדמונים היו נעורים כל הלילה כדאיתא בזוהר וגם עתה הרבה עושים כן... והכל זכר למתן ...
The Tanach Study Center has a full discussion. Key points extracted: (note the use of the word "may" at critical points). The Shtei HaLechem is the special korban of Shavuot. It is the only korban 'mincha' offered by the tzibur that is baked as 'chametz.' (All other flour offerings must be baked as 'matzah.') It is the only time during the ...
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