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15

The custom of eating dairy on Shavuos is mentioned by several ראשונים including: רבינו אביגדור צרפתי- probably the earliest source (12th century), possible one of the בעלי התוספות פירושים ופסקים לרבינו אביגדור הצרפתי על התורה (מהדורת הרשקוביץ, ירושלים תשנ"ו) פסקים תקצה-ח The Kol Bo (סימן נב) Orchos Chaim (הל' תפלת המועדים אות יג)


12

Seven answers from Aish HaTorah: They just got the laws of kosher slaughter and weren't yet prepared. Torah is likened to milk. Gematria of Chalav is 40 and Moshe Rabbeinu was on Har Sinai for 40 days. Because bikkurim is joined to the command to not eat meat and milk together (so eat two meals, one meat and one dairy; I had not heard this before now). An ...


12

And another one (Rama OC 494): the special sacrifice on Shavuot were two loaves of bread. By eating two meals, one meat one dairy, you're forced to have two separate loaves of bread (total) for them. I believe there's another one from the Zohar about how when blood runs through the mammary glands and is converted to milk, this represents the turning from ...


10

The Minchas Yaakov 76:5 quotes the Kol Bo that one may employ leniencies to fulfill the custom of eating milchigs after Mincha on Shavuos, when less than six hours have elapsed since the meat meal after Shacharis, provided one has cleaned his mouth from the meat between his teeth. Yet, he concludes that it is better not to do so. In addition, the Poskim ...


9

Another one: eating milk, then waiting before eating a meat meal, shows that we are more scrupulous in the laws of kashrus than the angels (who ate both at Avraham's house), and therefore we deserve to receive the Torah (as against their argument that it should be kept in heaven).


9

Only Ashkenazic communities read all five megillos in a public setting over the course of the year. Sefardic and Chassidic communities generally will only read Eicha on Tisha B'av and (of course) Esther on Purim, but not the other three on the shalosh regalim. The custom to read Ruth on Shavuos (as well as Shir Hashirim on Pesach, I think) is mentioned ...


9

A large percentage of the families who are affiliated with groups with liberal Judaic practices, such as the Conservative and Reform movement, tends to become less affiliated after their children become bar/bat mitzva age. From my understanding, confirmation, although not a Jewish concept per se, seemed to be a great way of keeping the children and families ...


8

I've heard various versions of the larger-than-life tale you're referencing (including one in which the antagonist dies simultaneously of stoning, burning, decapitation, and strangulation). Gershon referenced one such version in print, which is translated below. As to the Shavuot connection, Akdamut is about the greatness of G-d and the heavenly spheres; it ...


8

The Golden Calf was made on the 16th of Tammuz, forty (actually, 39) days after the Giving of the Torah. But that was not yet in evidence on Shavuos, or for the next 38 days afterwards. During that time, rather, we were able to rejoice with the Torah we had received and with the tremendous spiritual benefits we obtained along with it. So, "at a time of ...


8

I have a volume at hand titled "Seder Tikun L'lel Shavuos V'hosha'na Raba Hashalem Im T'hilim", published in 1964 by "Or Habahir" in Israel. I'm not about to list in detail all the texts included in its Shavuos litany (sorry), but here's what they are briefly: An introductory prayer. The beginning and end of each "parsha", in order. (Collated. I mean, the ...


7

Mishna B'rura 494:10 says it's to remind us of the joy of Sinay (Mount Sinai), around which stuff was growing. Taame Haminhagim 617 cites this from the L'vush. Magen Avraham 494:5 gives a reason for trees specifically: to remind us to pray for fruit, on which judgment is passed on Shavuos.


7

The Mishna in Taanis 4:8 tells us that when it says in Shir Hashirim 3:11 "The day of our wedding" it refers to the giving of the Torah, i.e Shavuot. (Rashi on Shir Hashirim 3:11 says it as well.) Once we've established that there is a connection between the giving of the Torah and Marriage, this opens us up for a lot of divre torah, connecting the two. ...


7

That comment of Rash"i is quoting from the G'mara (Sanhedrin 86), which derives that [although the words plainly mean "do not steal"] based on the hermeneutic device called davar halamed me'inyano. The context of capital crimes in which "lo signov" appears implies that it too must be the capital crime of kidnapping. The meaning of the pasuk is therefore ...


7

I live in Sydney Australia and I can say definitively that yes the custom is to stay up all night and learn on Shavuot night. I have never heard the suggestion that staying up all night is related to the time of sunrise/sunset at that time of year. I have many friends in South Africa and can say that they have the same custom as well. My inclination is that ...


6

See this article (Hebrew pdf) arguing for the "need not wait" position. The Rishonim and Shulchan Aruch never said to wait; when Shulchan Aruch describes the order of prayers for Shavuos, it doesn't say anything about waiting. The note to wait appeared later (and appears in Be'er Heitev OC 494 as "the Achronim have written"), and was not agreed upon by all. ...


6

According to the Siddur HaRashash as set forth in Shaar HaKavvanot 89a(the paragraph that starts with the words זהו הסדר). Tikun Leil Shavuot: Genesis 1:1-Gen 2:4 Gen 6:6-6:12 Gen 11:30-12:3 Gen 17:25-18:3 Gen 22:22-23:3 Gen 25:16-21 Gen 28:7-12 Gen 32:3-8 Gen 36:41-37:3 Gen 40:21-41:3 Gen 44:15-20 Gen 47:23-28 Gen 50:24-Ex 1:3 Ex ...


6

Another angle, given in various places in Chassidus, and developed further in one of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's talks (Likkutei Sichos, vol. 14, pp. 156ff - English adaptation on chabad.org) is that Simchas Torah specifically commemorates the giving of the second Tablets on Yom Kippur, and so we celebrate it at the end of that season of holidays. In this talk, ...


6

As per this article (http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/93594/jewish/Shavuos.htm) Why then was Shavuos observed for two days? In order not to make a distinction between one festival and another.19 Were the second day of this festival not to be observed in the diaspora, the Jews living there might have treated the observance of the second day ...


6

There are two main Regalim - Pesach and Sukkot. Each one has another one-day mini yom-tov without special mitzvos afterwards. They are each called an "Atzeret" since they have no special mitzvot and are a culmination of the previous holiday. 7 weeks after the beginning of Pesach is Shavuot/Atzeret, and the day after Sukkot is Shemini Atzeret. The ...


5

Well, there were plenty of unique mitzvot in the time of the Beit Hamikdash, like bringing the shtei halekhem, bikurim, and of course the last of the omer. There are also sources that give the homiletic answer of Shavuot being the end of Pesach, like Shmini Atzeret is the end of Sukkot. S"A also has no stand-alone mitzvot. It is interesting that b'zman ...


5

From Wikipedia: The Tikkun Leil Shavuot ("Rectification for Shavuot Night") consists of excerpts from the beginning and end of each of the 24 books of Tanakh (including the reading in full of several key sections such as the account of the days of creation, The Exodus, the giving of the Ten Commandments and the Shema) and the 63 books of Mishnah. This is ...


5

As the reform movement "loosely" based this ceremony on the practice of another religion, it would in fact be explicitly prohibited as chukos hagoyim to engage in it.


4

You guys are mixing up two separate minhogim. One minhog is for grasses/flowers, as a commemoration of the teaching that on Har Sinai at matan Torah there were grass and flowers (recall that it was in the desert). A second minhog is to have tree branches. That is related to the teaching in the mishna that Shavuos is day of judgement for fruit of trees ...


4

Looking at book: Divine Design by Moshe Shlomo Emanuel (here). He lists various connections (summarized here): Chanukah celebrates the light of the Oral Torah, and Shavuos is when we received the written Torah They both connect to the number 8: Chanuka has 8 days, and Shavuos is the eight week after Pesach See source for more...


4

There are many different minhagim when it comes to Milchigs on Shvous. I know the Yekehs have a milchig meal at night. Many people have the Minhag to eat a Milchig meal by day. The chassidim on the other hand, will have some milchigs after kiddush (by day) and then wait half an hour before eating a full fleishig meal. (The logic being that a Seudah's yom tov ...


4

See Yeshiva.org here (under heading תיקון ליל שבועות, number 15 [טו]): לימוד נשים - נשים אינן חייבות בתיקון ליל שבועות, ואם הן באות ולומדות תנ"ך וכד' תבוא עליהן ברכה (שו"ת רב פעלים א, או"ח סוד ישרים, סי' ט). And here (second paragraph under heading "staying up at night") Responsa Rav Pa’alim (Sod Yesharim 9) points out that for mystical reasons ...


4

The Noam Elimelech writes that "On Shavuos we are allowed to not wait after milk the normal amount of time [before eating meat]". The Satmerer Rebbes (R' Yoel) said that one can drink milk in the morning after 5 hours from eating meat at night if he slept in between. R' Dov Berish from Biala said one can eat milk in the afternoon after 5 hours from his meat ...


4

According to this article about that Ekirch book, coffee was one of the reasons the custom of second-sleep ended. In this article about the history of the tikkun leil Shavuot custom (pdf), Rabbi Dr. Schein attributes coffee as one of the factors for staying up all night on Shavuot. Also in the Schein article, however, he also attributes the custom of the ...


4

Without knowing what this ceremony is I would say that orthodox Judaism is averse to instituting any type of ceremony unless there is a valid, orthodox source that can be seen as a precedent (usually the older the better). If for no other reason than to adopt one ceremony would open the floodgates and dilute any meaning (this is a pet peeve I have with ...


4

Shulchan Aruch (OC 560:4) states regarding the prohibition on wearing crowns after the destruction of the Temple: וכן גזרו על עטרות חתנים, שלא להניח כלל, ושלא יניח החתן בראשו שום כליל, שנאמר: הסר המצנפת והרם העטרה (יחזקאל כא, לא); וכן גזרו על עטרות הכלה, אם היא של כסף, אבל של גדיל מותר לכלה; ודוקא לחתן וכלה, אבל בשאר כל אנשים ונשים לא גזרו.‏ And so ...



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