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9

Sefer Ishei Yisrael (the counterpart to Shemirat Shabbat Kehalichata on tefila) on page 273 deals with this issue. In the main text the instruction is that if one has already started the the vidui   or "El Erech Apayim" it is considered that he has started the yud gimmel midot and can continue as usual. In the footnote however a machloket ...


9

The Mishnah Berurah (OC 581:5) explains: many people have the custom to fast for ten days (including Yom Kippur) as part of seeking repentance (Levush). Starting from Rosh haShannah you lose at least four days: the two days of Rosh haShannah, Shabbat Shuvah (the Shabbat in between Rosh haShannah and Yom Kipppur) and the day before Yom Kippur (when it is ...


9

Learn the meaning behind the vidui before saying it. Buy a sefer that translates them or an interlinear siddur, and daven from that. Write your own commentary to them whilst learning the meanings.


8

The Lubavitcher Rebbe (Sefer Hashichos 5750 vol. 1 page 351 footnote 132) quotes the Tzemach Tzedek's explanation of the Chabad custom to recite selichos only until Rosh Hashana and not during Aseres Yemei Teshuva: עד כאן (עד ר"ה) - מצות אמירה, ומכאן ואילך - מצות עשייה Until Rosh Hashana the emphasis is on speech, from then after the the emphasis is ...


7

I think the source of this minhag is in the Talmud (TB Rosh Hashana 17b): ויעבור ה' על פניו ויקרא א"ר יוחנן אלמלא מקרא כתוב אי אפשר לאומרו מלמד שנתעטף הקב"ה כשליח צבור והראה לו למשה סדר תפלה אמר לו כל זמן שישראל חוטאין יעשו לפני כסדר הזה ואני מוחל להם (Roughly: "Hashem passed before him, and He called" (Shmot 34:6): Said R' Yochanan: if this scripture were ...


7

Another place to look is Hebrewbooks.org (search for סליחות). They've got several editions, some of which have been OCR'ed and are therefore searchable.


7

Most of the poskim said you can't say slichot before midnight. Harav Moshe Feinstein said that it's possible in she'at hadchak - if it's very very hard to say them after midnight. You can see more details in Hebrew here.


7

Say Ashrei and continue Lecha Hashem haTzedaka. If a Minyan comes during those points, Chatzi Kaddish is said provided some pesukim were said while the minyan was there. Mateh Efraim 581:17, Elef Lemateh. It is somewhat mashma that when the pesukim end and the main selichos start, you wouldn't say chatzi kaddish. If a minyan didn't come until the end, ...


7

The simple answer is because Shulhan Arukh 581:1 and the Arizal Sha'ar HaKavvanot 89d, Pri Etz Haim 128b(see also Likutei Torah 106b, Shaar Ruah HaKodesh 48a and Shaar HPesukim 41a) say so. For a more thorough answer according to halakha and Kabbalah see Divrei Shalom with perush Ner Shalom by R' Shalom Afjin(unfortunately not online). He essentially ...


6

If you normally skip something which the Congregation says, either you should not be the Chazan or if you are the Chazan "Al Tifrosh Min HaZibur".


6

From an article by Dayan Raskin, in a footnote by Rav Yosef S. Ginsburg (the Rav of the town of Omer), Footnote 18: העירוני, שהרבי הקפיד תמיד לומר י"ג מידות בעמידה מבלי להיסמך על איזה דבר. ולכן הצליחו לראות פעמים רבות (וכן נראה בווידיאו) שכאשר הש"ץ מיהר, ובאומרו י"ג מידות עמד הרבי עדיין ב"א-ל מלך", לא אמר הרבי י"ג מידות עם הציבור ממש, אלא אמרם לעצמו כאשר ...


6

Because it has a slicha begining with "Bmotzei Mnucha" (At the end of the day of rest) and we can't say slichos and 13 midos before midnight. The source mentions Magen Avraham 525:5 which cannot be true (there is no such sif katan 525:5, and in general this siman is about borrowing on Yom Tov). Most likely it is referring to ...


6

Yes, Taame Haminhagim 681 says (with my own translation): טעם שהש״ץ מתעטף בציצית כשמשכימין לסליחות אע״פ שאין זמן ציצית, משום דאיתא, הקב״ה נתעטף בציצית כש״ץ והרגיל למרע״ה י״ג מדות, אלמא כשאומר י״ג מדות יתעטף בציצית The reason the shatz (leader) wraps himself in tzitzis when we arise early for s'lichos although it's not yet the hour for tzitzis is ...


6

The text of the Selihot appears at Da`at (Herzog College) and at Wikitext. The text is nearly the same every day. There are additions for the 10 days of repentance, and there is a small section which varies based on the day of the week. There are also sections which are said in some congregations but not in others.


6

Rabbi Dr. Immanual Shochat's introduction to his translation of Slichos (page xii) places the first text of Slichos to Rav Amram Gaon. Wikipedia contends that the slichos part is of later vintage, but brings no evidence for the assertion (that the entire thing is whole cloth of later vintage, rather than interpolation of later slichos into what Rav Amram ...


5

For Pizmon, the Lubavitcher Rebbe zt"l (in his notes at the end of the Chabad Selichos) summarizes the following explanations: Something repeated over and over. (Responsa of Ri Migash #204) Related to a root for crying out. (Tishbi) From a Greek root meaning פזרנות ונדיבות, "largess and generosity," which we are requesting from Hashem. (Pri Megadim, ...


5

The kapparah of Rosh Chodesh is different than the regular type. On one level, the goat offered as a chatas on this day (also on the other Yamim Tovim, incidentally, except for Yom Kippur) is to atone for cases of tum'ah involving the Beis Hamikdash or sacred foods where there was "no knowledge at the beginning or the end" - in other words, the person never ...


5

(Assuming that finding a slower Minyan is not an option, and that you are using the Ashkenazi/Chassidich version.) Take a 2-pronged approach: Prepare Don't plan on saying it all Prepare the shortest chapter of that day; very often it's the Pizmun - the one towards the end recited by the congregation and Chazzan. Spend a few minutes before Selichot (or ...


5

As explained in אוצר מנהגי חב"ד, the practice in the main Shul in Lubavitch where the Rabbeim davened was not indicative of the official Chabad practice, but rather represented what the crowd chose to do. So whatever the practice was was not indicative of the actual position of the Rabbeim (i.e. what they would do in private). Often the Rabbeim would daven ...


4

Try this link to one Selichos edition on Google Books. There is a search box on the left side with which you can find text in that particular edition. Not perfect, but fairly useful. There are probably other editions available there as well.


4

Selichot for various eidot can be found at http://daat.ac.il/daat/sidurim/shaar-2.htm


4

A Hebrew Publishing Company machzor of 1926 ("reprinted from the latest and best London edition") has the following:


4

Selichos is a prayer service that was not formalized until late in the Gaonic period. This means that there was already greater geographic diversity before any of the prayers were established. Before the gaonic period, only the viduy and 13 middot were 'required'. This is different than most other tefilot which already had a basis before the vast ...


4

I asked a fellow in Shul this morning this question, and he showed me a fascinating Medrash Raba. Medrash Raba Vayeira 56 third line from the top. Avaraham prayed at Mount Moriah after he was told not to sacrifice Yitzchak that Hashem should have Mercy on the Jews even if due to sin they are not deserving of it . ר' יוחנן אמר: אמר לפניו רבון העולמים ...


3

All the slichot poems are called "slichot," but they can also have different names, based on their form, their subject matter, or their location in the davening. This answer is specific to Ashkenazi slichot. Pticha: the first piyyut in slichot, said to introduce the paragraph of ki al rachamecha harabbim. Often has one rhyme running through the whole ...


3

For more discussion, including a proper interpretation of Igros Moshe, see: http://learningteshuvot.blogspot.com/2010/08/saying-selichot-before-chatzot-igrot.html Besides nicely summarizing R. Moshe's view (which I corrected in a comment to the answer above), he also quotes the view of R. Ovadya that perhaps if one cannot say it past midnight, it should be ...


3

The least I've seen is Ashrei, kaddish, (don't remember about the pesukim), s'lach lanu-intro to 13 midos-13 midos until lechol korecha, pizmon, intro+13 midos, the rest like a regular fast day (including only one ashamnu), niphilas apaim, shomer...


3

Onkelus says that Hashem told Moshe to tell the Jews to stop praying as he answered them already.


3

Nit'ei Gavriel (footnote 12 in the link) asks of this practice: What do we mean by המתחיל במצוה אומרים לו גמור? Aren't the following Shacharis and Mincha and (previous and/or following) Ma'ariv seperate mitzvos? He answers that s'lichos is actually a prelude and preparation for the other t'fillos of the day. For example, if one says s'lichos, but then ...


3

The Chabad Selichot translates it as: [and] the brightness of the name Yinon [Mashiach; the anointed redeemer of Israel] which became profaned by sins. It has the Hebrew as "Zohar shem yinon m'cholal meychovim" According to Lithuanian version of "Seder Selichot Mefureshet - Be'er Ya'akov" by "חיים צבי פנט": Yinon refers to Moshiach, as the Talmud ...



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