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The relevant word is דכא which in some scrolls is written דכה. See Deuteronomy 23:2. While the portion of Aleppo Codex containing that word is currently lost, we do have the Aleppo Codex to Tehillim 90:3 where the same word appears spelled with an Alef. The Mesorah there notes that this spelling is used in three places and lists them: Deuteronomy 23:2, ...


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In Melachim (Kings) Chapters 22-23, King Joshiahu discovers a Torah scroll during renovations of the Temple.


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The halachos of writing a sefer torah are הלכה למשה מסני (Halacha given to Moshe on Mount Sinai) which mean that the methodology of the writing of the torah, tefillin, and mezuzos were given as part of the oral law from the very beginning. Here is an example of how to sew the columns of the sefer torah to the aitzai chayim We see this as an example in ...


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R. Nachum Rabinovitch (Siach Nachum, no. 40) addresses this question. Assuming that the congregation and the rabbi do not object, he says there is no halakhic problem with this, as long as the sefer Torah is treated with the respect due to it (from both men and women). However, it is also forbidden to cause machloket, such that if this will do so it would be ...


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As an example, you can buy a kosher sefer torah Buying a Sefer Torah Price categories vary from $24,000 - $55,000; the cost is determined by the consistency and beauty of the Ktav(script). All of our Torah Scrolls are 100% Kosher and acceptable irrelevant of price. The materials used in the Sefer Torah – Klaf (parchment) and ink are the best ...


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If a Torah falls and hits the ground, the original minhag was to engage in 40 days of sunrise to sunset fasting to atone for the disgrace to the Torah. The 40 days is to be in accordance with the 40 days that Moshe Rabbeinu was on Har Sinai receiving the Torah (without eating or drinking). Nowadays, people cannot handle that and will perform alternate means ...


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I believe that the answer is NO, they are not forbidden and my reasoning follows. Thank you Eliezer for enlightening me ! The Rambam states: “All tameh people, even niddot, even a gentile, are permitted to hold a Torah scroll and read from it, for the words of Torah are not susceptible to tumah.”(Hilchot Sefer Torah 10:8) Not only may people in the status ...


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Computers are used quite effectively for checking for errors in STa"M. Your understanding of how it works is basically correct. The scanned text is compared with a standard which is known to be kosher. The program would have a variety of "standard" versions for different writing styles and column formats. To correct for differences in handwriting, a ...


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The Shulchan Aruch in Yoreh Deah סימן רעח - דין תפירת ספר תורה says: ב: יָשִׂים בַּסֵפֶר תּוֹרָה שְׁנֵי עַמּוּדִים, אֶחָד בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וְאֶחָד בְּסוֹפוֹ, וּמַה שֶׁשִּׁיֵּר גִּלָּיוֹן בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וּבְסוֹפוֹ יִכְרֹךְ עַל הָעֲמוּדִים וְיִתְפְּרֶנּוּ (ב) בְּגִידִים, וְיִשָּׁאֵר בֵּין הָעַמּוּד לַדַּף שְׁתֵּי אֶצְבָּעוֹת. וּבִשְׁעַת הַדַּחַק, שֶׁאִי אֶפְשָׁר ...


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There could be a variety of problems with the klaf. Klaf is made from the skin of cows. A "fresh" klaf has a texture or grain of "pores" which absorb the ink and hold it to the klaf. With time and use the texture/pore become smooth and the adhesion of the klaf becomes suspect, i.e the repairs (new ink) dont stick to the klaf. Certain older klafs have an ...


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I know this is a bit late, but some may find this useful: Israel Yevin says that "rolled up pe" (פ' לפופה) and other "curved letters" (אותיות עקומות) appear in Masoretic notes. He says "such forms were only used in a few MSS. The rolled up pe, for instance, is much used in Yemenite MSS." (Introduction to the Tiberian Masorah, p. 48).


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Not all columns do start with vav, not all columns must start with vav, and the custom to make all of them start that way became far more popular some 30 years ago according to http://lavlor.blogspot.co.uk/2013/08/how-many-lines-should-my-torah-scroll.html (H/T to Zvi's accepted answer on the linked question). Before Davidovich's tikkun, I understand the ...


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After a quick read of the text I note here the following explicit features which are rarely if ever present in modern (certainly Ashkenazi) scrolls: 14:6 the Torah has שלשים (we have שלשם) 14:22 the Torah has חומה with the Vav hanging above the word (ie. a correction) 15:7 the Torah has גאונך with the Vav hanging above the word (ie. a correction) 15:10 the ...


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I just received an email about a similar question from Yagdil Torah Place: Lausanne, Switzerland. Date: 1963 The Swiss government once decided to put together an exhibition including various artifacts and items of interest which would be displayed before the public. One of the items they wanted to display was a sefer Torah, and they asked Rabbi ...


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There seems to be an issue with menumar which is worse than regular Hiddur, unrelated to a Sefer Torah. Look in Suka 33a-b that if there are lots of berries on your Hadas - and they are spread in 2 or 3 spots - then it's menumar and it's pasul because it's missing its hiddur. So we see that menumar is almost the opposite of hiddur and makes it ugly - and ...


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Yes this is how the Rambam, Maimonides, codifies it (and he is one of the greatest codifiers of Jewish law). It is the last of the 613 mitzvot (commandments). As R Jack Abramowitz describes it The last of the 613 mitzvos is the obligation for every man to write a sefer Torah. Recognizing that not every individual possesses the requisite skill to do ...


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You are asking two related but different questions. One about touching the Torah, one about reading it. Regarding touching a sefer Torah there is an explicit Rambam (Laws of Sefer Torah 10:8) which explicitly mentions niddot (i.e., women) Any impure person, even [a woman in] a niddah state or a gentile, may hold a Torah scroll and read it. SA YD 282:...


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The question is highly perceptive. As this reference shows the matter is a source of discussion which Maimonides explains. The 613th mitzvah of the Torah is the obligation for every Jew to write a Torah scroll. In the words of the verse: "And now, write for yourselves this song, and teach it to the Children of Israel. Place it into their mouths, in ...


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See Mishna in Yadaym 3, 5. The Gemara in Massechet Megila 7A exposed a Machloket: Rab Judah said in the name of Samuel; [The scroll] of Esther does not make the hands unclean...{This is a Machloket tanaym see here Rabbi Shim'on's opinion R`Simeon vs. Rq Josuah} R`Simeon says that Koheleth is one of those matters in regard to which Beth Shammai were more ...


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The Sde Tsufim in Gitin 20A has citted Chidushey Hatam Sofer in Gittin and in the Citted Gemoro succa 29B I want to copy the text in hebrew and translate in english דאפילו אם ואנוהו בשארי מצוות לאו דאורייתא, מכל מקום בכתיבת השם הוא דאורייתא כי כן משמע "זה קלי" השם הקדוש, "ואנוהו" The litteral sense of the verse is bounded to the G-d, i.e. the Name of G-d. ...


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Rashi in Sukah 29b states that the requirement for hadar in arba minim comes from the passuk of zeh keili ve'anveihu. Various rishonim (see tosafos there) ask on Rashi that zeh keili ve'anveihu is le'chatchilah, not be'dieved. It seems from Rashi that when the absolute minimum expectation of hiddur is lost the din of zeh keili becomes an ikuv. It is a '...


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As in every field you go to the professionals which work, deal or research judaica. Especially in the field of Torah scrolls they have the ability, to a certain extent, to even say which person wrote the scroll if it's from somebody famous.


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OK, I'll try to address all the issues including the ones brought up in comments in no particular order, starting with the practical concerns. Mixed k'sav is not an issue. (Source: I have checked mezuzot with mixed k'sav on the same line which Rabbi Dovid Feinstein previously looked at and said were OK. There are some tikkunim that were somewhat-standard ...


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As you were already answered in this post, there's no Halachic reason for the classic Vavei Ha'amudim format. Poskim were actually against it, as it causes unnecessary shrinking/stretching of letters. So there's no reason to worry that some columns adhere to it and others do not.


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There is a wonderful book that adresses exactly this sort of questions across tefilin, mezuzot, megilot and sifrei Torah. Very easy to read and fascinating information Inside Stam: An insider reveals the answers to all the questions you should ask when purchasing or maintaining Tefillin, Mezuzos, Megillos, Sifrei Torah and Nevi'im It is good enough that I ...


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I just answered someone else and saw your question and wanted to let you know there is an online safrut course starting on November 15th. All the information can be found here.


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I actually asked R' Chaim Richman from the Temple Institute about this. He said that it does not mean that a sefer Torah can be written in Greek, but that Greek is the only language the Torah can be accurately be translated into because Hebrew and Greek share common grammar and influction.


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Well, I have a semi-personal connection with Rabbi Chaim Richman of the Temple Institute in Jerusalem, and when he was down here in my town visiting, I asked him the same question. Basically, he told me that when Rabbi Gamliel II says a Torah scroll can be written in Greek, it does not mean that a Torah written in Greek is kosher for use in shul, public ...


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Shulchan aruch harav 301.54 See footnotes for sources  וכן אם מצא ספר תורה בשדה בימי הגזירה שגזרו שלא ללומדו מכסהו במקומו והולך לו ואם אינו זמן הגזירה צריך לישב ולשמרו עד שתחשך ואז יביאנו לביתו ואם היו הגשמים יורדים שמתקלקל הספר אם יהיה כאן עד הלילה יתעטף בהספר כעין מלבוש וחוזר ומכסה עליו בבגדיו ומביאו לביתו מיד שאף שאינו דרך מלבוש גמור התירו לו מפני ...


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Pick it up. Stay there for the rest of shabbos. If Its to hard/dangerous to stay there the whole shabbos 1) switch with other people 2) carry it with another person (melacha that can be done by one person, if done by two - patur perek 1 of shabbos) 3) carry it less than 4 amos at a time



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