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8

The Ramma in siman 131 siff 2 brings from the Beis Yosef who quotes a Rokeach -- The Rokeach also writes in siman 324 not to 'fall' unless in front of a seffer torah. And a siman for this is found in the war against Ay (Yehoshua 7, 6) 'and he fel lon his face in front of the aron'." The Beis Yosef concludes by saying if it's accepted (kabbala), ...


6

Standard Sifrei Torah today have 42 lines in each column. While there are different opinions how many lines a Sefer Torah should be (See Keses Hasofer 13:6), this has not developed solwly out of Halacha. There's a good article about how this came to be here Until some 30 years ago, Sofrim didn't really have a good tikkun to copy from. They either used ...


6

Sefaria has an API that will serve it up as a JSON object.


5

The Taz in hilchos Sefer Torah Yoreh Deah siman 271 s.k. 8 says it is a good ksiva.


5

The מהר'ל in תיפארת ישראל , chapter 63 explains in length that these ketarim are actually secrets and deep ideas, related to concepts foreign to the materialistic perspective of the world. דע כי יש כתרים ותגין על אותיות התורה, שכשם שגוף התיבות מורים על דברי תורה עצמם, כך התגין שהם על האותיות שבתורה מורים על השגות דקות מאוד מאוד יוצאים מן התורה עצמה, ...


4

There are two factors determining the start of columns in sifrei torah: Halacha requires that certain words be at the top of the column. The acronym for these words is בי"ה שמו, the mem of which is מה טובו as you noted. Despite the best efforts of earlier poskim including Keset Hasofer, it is traditional for all other columns to begin with the letter ...


4

Mechon Mamre's "תיקון קוראים" (also downloadable) has each word of the Pentateuch in a separate span element; pasuk-final words have different attributes in those elements. This is thus a machine-parseable Pentateuch with machine-parseable delineation of p'sukim, which seems to be what you seek.


3

That's why The Shulchan Aruch Harav (32:20) writes: ומכאן אתה למד שאין צריך לכסות מלפניו שאר האותיות כמו שנוהגין שא"כ אף החכם שמבין הענין שקורא מהיכן יבין לקרות אות זו כהלכתה כיון שאינו יודע ענינה ופירושה ומכל מקום אות שנפסקה בנקב ונשתייר ממנה גם למטה מהנקב צריך לכסות מלפניו מה שלמטה מהנקב לפי שהוא יצרפנה עם מה שלמעלה מהנקב ויקרא האות כהלכתה ...


3

It's a רש"י in שבת on Daf :י"ג that says: והספר. כל כתבי הקודש תורה נביאים וכתובים פוסלין תרומה במגען


2

Ha Rav Riskin mentioned the following, in regard to a somewhat different question on women's minyanim. There are some authorities - including my teacher and mentor, Rav Soloveitchik ztz"l - who maintain that since a Sefer Torah cannot become "tamei" (ritually impure), a woman may also read from a Sefer Torah, but without the order of aliyot and berakhot ...


2

There are cases where you can use a sefer for not learning for example you can use another sefer (of equal or less kedusha) to raise the height of the sefer one is learning from. However I couldn't find anything that said specifically that you can't take out a sefer and not learn from it. In general we should be sure to show great honor and reverence to ...


2

Pasted from my answer to this question: Stretching letters is not a matter of custom, but one of practicality. Halacha requires the columns be justified. Microsoft Word handles justifies text by widening spaces between words and letters. You can't do this in a sefer torah, so the sofer stretches letters instead. Good tikkunim minimize the number of "short" ...


2

In the body of your question you ask: Is a Greek Sefer Torah Kosher? Is Greek the only language other than Hebrew that a kosher Sefer Torah can be written in? The answers to these questions are to be found in the Rambam’s Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Sefer Torah Perek 1 Halacha 19: Tefillin and mezuzot may be written only in Assyrian ...


1

I once saw in the ספר יראים that Rabbeinu Tam himself put it on an angle since it was a חשש on his part. This would explain why when there is no room we aren't careful to put the Mezuza on an angle — since it is a Chumra according to Rabbeinu Tam. (When I find this Yere'im again I hope to link to it or at least point and quote.) Other sources seem to have ...


1

http://www.chabad.org.il/Magazines/Article.asp?ArticleID=5655&CategoryID=1254 This Minhag is by no means universal. Minhag Chabad is to specifically wrap the belt around the lower third. The reason this is done so is that we compare it to the Gartel one wears between his heart and his lower body. The Sefer Torah has three parts, Head, Body, Foot. ...


1

See this with its cross-refs to Shulchan Aruch: What are the dinim concerning mistakingly touching the klaf of the Sfer Torah: when kissing it with one’s tziztis when doing glila Answer: In both cases one should be careful not to touch the Sefer Torah with bare hands. The Gemara writes that one who touches the parchment of ...


1

There are other distinctions, but the biggest one is that a Torah must be written "lishmah" -- with intent. Matza actually doesn't have to be "made" lishma, but must be "guarded" lishmah. If I stand watch over the machine, it may not be my action, but I'm still guarding it. There are other distinctions, for instance the additional level of intent required ...


1

My answer is reaction to both the previous answer as well as accounting for @DoubleAA's comment. I've had this situation a few times in my shul while I was reading the parsha. Our shul rarely has kids attending. (Sad, somewhat...) When I fiind a questionable mistake, I call the rav. He makes the final decision. Sometimes he can tell, it's definitely no good ...


1

If there is a doubt whether or not a letter is properly formed, a child, who can recognize letters but does not yet know how to read, is brought, and checks the letter. If he identifies it properly, the torah is considered kosher, and the reading continues; if not, the torah is pasul and must be fixed. Source: Shulchan Aruch OC 32:16 The Mechaber paskens ...


1

The Chavos Yair says that the reason is that one must sanctify every (individual) name of Hashem before writing it.


1

Israel Yeivin, Introduction to the Tiberian Masorah (ed. E.J. Revell; Scholars Press, 1985) discusses these "large" and "small" letters (among other peculiarities pertaining to letters) on pp. 47-48 (§§ 84-85). He refers to the Masorah's listing of "a few dozen" examples of large letters, although in the list provided in a previous answer there are 29 ...



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