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9

R' Eliezer Melamed, in an essay about this blessing and a related one for Torah scholars on the Beit-El Yeshiva website, formulates the standard thus: חכם מחכמי אומות העולם שידוע כחכם וגאון באחד מן המדעים, כלכלה, מתמטיקה או אחד ממדעי הטבע, ובעבודתו תרם תרומה נכבדה למדע ולאנושות One of the scholars of the [other] nations, who is known as a scholar ...


5

You are probably looking for Challenge: Torah Views on Science and Its Problems, edited by R' Aryeh Carmell and Dr. Cyril Domb in association with the Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists, published by Feldheim in 1976 (1st edition) and 1988 (2nd edition).


3

Art Scroll Talmud Yomah 54b1 note 9 explains that the even shesiyay is symbolic of the purpose of the world and the ideal on which it is founded (Meiri). Notes 10, 12, and 25 cite Rashi, that it was created first and the clods of earth were added to it to expand the creation until the entire world (and universe of matter) came into being. That is, ...


3

The product of adulterous relations between a married Jewish woman and a Jewish man who is not her husband is a mamzer. Genetics shchmenetics. (The more common question is the converse -- married woman gets donor sperm from a Jewish man who's not her husband. Rabbis Moshe Feinstein and Shlomo Zalman Auerbach ruled that's not a mamzer as there were no ...


3

Even assuming the 7 days are symbolic/conceptual as opposed to literal does not mean that their commemoration cannot be with a literal 7th day. Indeed, if one loses track of the days of the week (e.g. at sea) he keeps every seventh day anyway. (There are many mitzvot where something concrete represents something conceptual, e.g. teffilin, sukka, korbanot, ...


3

I noticed you have been waiting long for an answer and I have a theory to offer, with some rabbinic support. Perhaps this is what you are looking for, or it might just set you or another member on a path that might lead to the answer you are looking for. I suspect the rabbis believed that a mushroom is non-nutritive because in Genesis 1:29 God is ...


2

The olive oil we get in the store is not really pure olive oil, as such it has nothing to do with that Gemara. Our "pure extra virgin olive oil" is roughly 30% real olive oil, the rest is made up of other cheaper oils or processed to change the natural taste of the oil. See here and here for starters, but this seems to be a well documented fact. In fact, ...


2

The mitzvah of blowing shofar is m'Doraita, meaning from the written Torah. (VaYikra 23:24 and VaYikra 25:9) This has the implication that in questions regarding it's fulfillment, one should be stringent. In other words, one should be stringent, for example, that what you are blowing is in fact a kosher shofar. There are requirements on the horn itself and ...


2

Torah and religion teach of the world as it is (assuming that we know to understand the teaching correctly) while science deals with the world as we see it. There cannot be any religious problem to speak of the world as God has shown it to us, as long as we recognize that our perception of the world should not be taken as the ultimate true description of the ...


2

The Medrash in Lech Lecha said that even if all the learned get together they won't be able to breath life into a gnat. This doesn't object to being able manipulate, or perhaps even create, body parts. But it does state that humans can't produce real, functioning life.


2

Rav Heinemann said that if the DNA of something does not affect the taste (or smell, sound, appearance) of it, then the fact that the DNA is present does not make a difference. He explained this as a function of the same principle that allows us to eat bacteria - halacha deals with what you can detect (even though we could use a microscope to see it. The ...


2

According to the Maharal, amongst others, literal readings of non-Halachik Talmudic or Midrashic statements are incorrect and indeed Chazal are not discussing natural phenomena at all. Rather, they are discussing fundamental metaphysical realities and theology at a level that requires a deeper understanding of their language and philosophy (See, e.g., ...


2

I once heard HaRav Aharon Lopiansky quote the following from HaRav Aharon Lichtenstein Zt"l: המתחתן עם הדור הזה מתאלמן מן הדור הבא or, in less-poetic English, One who marries this generation becomes widowed from the next generation. In other words, Creation was something that happened a rather long time ago, it's cryptic and unclear exactly what ...


2

Going back a step... The key to understanding the first section of the Kuzari is to forget all the more contemporary talk about "the Kuzari Principle" and realize that Rabbi Yehudah haLevi's (Rihal's) thesis is to deprecate the value of the entire concept of philosophical proof. This is why the book starts with the king having a prophetic dream, "Your ...


2

Logically, he answered that the question itself does not apply (under the circumstances in which it was asked). Had there been a legitimate question, then he might have gone into the reasoning behind it. However, since the "evidence" did not apply, then he did not have to go any farther than it did. Note that he did not say that it was not a good question or ...


1

In the Talmud (Sanhedrin 91b) we find: Antoninus said to Rebbe At what point is the soul given to a human? Is it from the moment of decree [that such a child will exist], or from the moment of formation? He responded: "from the moment of formation." He replied, "is it possible that a piece of meat can last for three days without salt, and yet not become ...


1

The Rambam describes the nature of the soul and its faculties in Shemoneh Peraqim. There's a fair, not good, but fair scan of the English available online, but the Touger edition is particularly good and fairly inexpensive. It's short enough to not make sense to cite to, especially because the explanation spans all eight of the chapters, but I'll briefly ...


1

Maimonides states (Mishnah Torah, Yesodei HaTorah 2:1): והיאך היא הדרך לאהבתו, ויראתו: בשעה שיתבונן האדם במעשיו וברואיו הנפלאים הגדולים, ויראה מהם חכמתו שאין לה ערך ולא קץ--מיד הוא אוהב ומשבח ומפאר ומתאווה תאווה גדולה לידע השם הגדול Translation: How does a person come to love God and fear Him? When a person looks at God's actions and His creations ...


1

There is a letter from Rabbi Hirsch found here http://www.mesora.org/hirsch.html now printed in the ninth section of his collected writings. This letter deals with statements of Chazzal which deal with their view of sciences and seem bizarre to the modern mind. Here's two excerpts: Sages of Torah, not Masters of Science In my opinion, the first ...


1

I'm not aware of any references in the Chumash itself, but the only two passages in the entire Tana'kh that may be relevant to your question, to my knowledge, are (JPS): Yeshayahu 40:22 "It is He that sitteth above the circle of the earth." (Rashi links this verse to 44:13, which speaks of a carpenter using a "compass") Iyov 26:7 "He stretcheth out the ...


1

how about this Together we learn today that there are 7 continents, while the Torah says in Beraisheet Chapter 1 Verse 9, "And God says: Let the waters under the heavens be gathered into one place and let the dry land appear." There should be only one continent according to that verse. There is an explanation. Please wait. The Zohar says "...


1

There's the idea that it was remarkable how they knew about the heritability of Hemophilia or bleeding disorders. Medicine in the Bible and the Talmud: Selections from Classical Jewish Sources By Fred Rosner Another link here http://www.cirp.org/library/cultural/neusner1/


1

as explained above, G-d instituted the Uncertainty principle as part of the framework of existence necessary for life. it is His invention so of course He is not bound to it. if you look into it further, you will see that like the other laws of physics, it is essential for the existence of life. how so? as explained here, without the uncertainty principle, ...



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