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12

R' Moshe himself apparently used Beis Yosef kesav. In his letter to the Lubavitcher Rebbe about Rabbeinu Tam's tefillin (Igros Moshe, vol. 6, no. 9), at the end, R' Moshe asks that the sofer whom the Rebbe charged with writing him a pair of R"T tefillin (I have heard orally that this was R' Eliezer Zirkind) should do so using Beis Yosef script, so that it ...


12

The Keset HaSofer, by Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried, rules (6:4) that when multiple children disagree about the reading of a letter we follow the majority. I suppose if there are only 2 children, we wait עד שיבוא השלישי ויכריע ביניהם -- until a third one comes and resolves the contradiction.


12

Rabenu Tam (as cited in paragraph 6 of the Rosh's laws of sefer Tora) holds that ink made of gallnuts (which we use even in 'his' t'filin) is no good. Also, Rabenu Tam (as cited in Tosafos to M'nachos 33:1 s.v. "Ha daavida") holds the parchments must be lying flat in their case, and we put them upright (per SA OC 32:45), and even in 'his' t'filin.


12

The following information is recorded on the Mechon Mamre website: בתנ"כים שלנו יש גם סימני הפרשייות {פ} {ס} {ר} {ש} שהם מסמנים פרשה פתוחה, פרשה סתומה, סוף שורה בשירות מסויימות, ושורה ריקה (או שורות ריקות בסוף ספר).‏ My translation: In our Tanakhs there are also [the following] disjunctive symbols: פ,‎ ס,‎ ר,‎ ש, which stand for ...


7

There are two special layouts for songs - half-brick over brick, and half-brick over half-brick. The half-brick over brick is triumphant and good. The half-brick over half-brick is bad - bury the sons of Haman or the sins of the Jews. Megillah 16b that you reference says: ‫אמר רבי חנינא בר פפא דרש ר' שילא איש כפר תמרתא כל השירות כולן נכתבות אריח ...


7

In addition Rabeinu Tam holds (see Bais Yosef (3rd from top)) that the word Letotofos in the Parsha Vehaya Im Shomo'a is written without any Vov while we write it with a Vov after the first Tes even in Rabeinu Tam's Tefillin.


7

The Tefillin of Rabbenu Tam were written by R' Zirkind, at the special request of R' Moshe. These tefillin were checked by my rebbe, Rabbi Shmuel Schneid, who told me that the tefillin were written in typical Russian Beis Yosef script. As any sofer experienced with Sifre Torah of the world will tell you, before 1948, each country and Edah had their unique ...


5

This seems to be a good page to see. For a more comprehensive source, see the Mishkenos Yaakov. For retzuah paint, you can just use shoe polish. It doesn't require d'yo. The above linked pages contain recipes for the ink used by most sofrim today, known as מי עפצים וקנקנתום -- oakgall juice and ferrous sulfate. This post, written by a very qualified ...


5

(Note that not every m'gila has a pole at one end. Some do, though, as you note. See Mishna B'rura 691:16.) Aruch Hashulchan (Orach Chayim 691:7) explains: A sefer Tora (Torah scroll) requires two poles because we read from it constantly; for n'viim and k'suvim one pole suffices. I suspect the intent is that a sefer Tora needs the greater stability ...


4

As noted in another answer of mine: Tzitz Eliezer 14:3:4 permits post facto even Sta"m that was written with a mix of Vellish and Ashkenazi. Igrot Moshe OC 5:2 also permits other forms of writing but he is quick to point out that it is better to stick to one's custom on the matter.


4

The Gemara in Gittin(מ''ה ע''ב) says ספר תורה תפילין ומזוזות שכתבן אשה וכו' פסולין שנאמר וקשרתם וכתבתם כל שישנו בקשירה ישנו בכתיבה That would seem to Indicate that a women may not write a Mezuzah. The Drisha(יור''ד סימן רפ''א) asks why is it that the Tur skips this Halacha about Mezuzah but does say it about Teffilin (אור''ח סימן ל''ט) The Rif and the ...


4

I discovered that the מגילת אסתר of the תורה שלֵמה has some answers: For פרמשתא, citing מדרש רבי עקיבא בן יוסף על אותיות קטנות:‎ פרמשתא, ש׳ ת׳ של פרמשתא קטנה, הסר פ׳ ור׳ וישאר שמתא.‏ This one is hard to translate and explain. So I'll leave it as is. For ויזתא: The Gemara in Megila (16b) says in the name of Rav Yochanan - the Vav of ...


4

This is the picture from my sefer, which experts have identified as either German or Czech. As you can see, there is a beis visible inside the Peh but it made neither in the style of the old European Bet Yosef ksav nor the Mishna Berurah's modification.


3

It's a shame that the Mesorah is no longer printed in most Tanachs as it was in the past. This particular question is answered by the short Mesorah on Bamidbar 3:39 where it says י' נקודות בתורה. The long Mesorah on the same verse elaborates on where the 10 dots are. It says that there are 10 in the Torah and another 5 in Nach as follows: Torah- Bereishis ...


3

There is no halachic or customary reason for the change in paint styles. The following does not entirely answer your question but is relevant: It used to be common for cheaper peshutim to be painted with a very stiff black putty (tiach in rabbinic Hebrew). Depending on a couple halachic factors, this is either kosher or not on a case by case basis but that ...


3

In the vast majority of cases, Torah scrolls are written by Orthodox sofrim. Though there are ideological/halakhic reasons for this in some cases, the main reason is simple market share. Most of the people who have dedicated their lives to writing Torah scrolls are Orthodox. This is the same reason that most kosher meat is slaughtered by Orthodox shochtim ...


3

I can't really answer the question that asked for "the background for the[] rules" about what makes a sefer invalid. But as to why "[someone would] want to invert or bend the Kaf on this particular verse, and if so, why is one worse than the other", there are many oddly-shaped letters in various parts of the Torah in various traditions, many of which are ...


2

Minchas Shay is a commentary on Tanach that focuses on the correct reading (both k'siv and k'ri), including such things as paragraph breaks. (I don't know for certain that he comments on every sefer or which, but I know he does on many.) He does leave some questions open, mentioning both sides, and even where he takes a side I don't know whether sof'rim ...


2

In my experience having "passuled" more Torahs than I should admit over the last 13 years layning in Shuls in the US and Israel, mistakes are mistakes, whether they are noticed or not. However, in regards to the simple Halacha, if the mistake does not seriously affect the letter's form, then the Torah is still Kosher, but should be corrected as soon as ...


2

Chacham Ovadia in his Yachaveh Daas chelek 2:3 writes that a sefardi sefer Torah is good for an ashkanazi and a ashkanazi sefer Torah is kosher for a Sefardi. This is in the actual Torah itself (the ksav),so if one would write either one he would get a mitzvah of ksivas sefer Torah. Regarding reading from the Torah(nothing to do with the ksav only the ...


1

If you need to order online, you could try Oter Yisrael - even though they don't seem to have those items for sale, they are very friendly and may ship you individual items. (Personal recommendation; I've bought many pairs of Tefilin from them over the past 30 years for my brothers and sons.) Another place which has an online presence with a very good ...


1

The Rambam (Hilchos Sefer Torah 7:1) writes: “It is a positive commandment for every man in Israel to write a Sefer Torah for himself, as it is written, ‘And now, write for yourselves this song.’” Nowhere is it mentioned that this mitzvah is limited to the daytime (as opposed to e.g Tzizit where the Torah obligation is only by day). In Israel it is very ...


1

The Divrei Chaim (Sanz) writes very emphatically about using only a feather from a Kosher bird, though this is an almost-universal practice even among contemporary sefardim (relatively few of whom still use reeds). However the halacha of "min hamuttar l'picha" only applies to the ink and parchment (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 32:5-8) so even those who dispute ...


1

Rabbi Zirkind was commissioned to write R"T for Rav Feinstein. The Rebbe was told by R'Feinstein that his were missing from the old country and couldn't find a qualified pair to replace them, nor a sofer. The Rebbe said that if he could get him a pair of kosher R"T's would he were them. And so Rabbi Zirkind wrote for R'Feinstein. The mesora as per authentic ...


1

The Sta"m Forum has a page with a well tested recipe for STA"M ink almost identical to the one in Kol Sofrim. I can't vouch for it because I buy ink, but the person who posted it is a professional who has written several Sifrei Torah.



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