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12

This is in the Ramo (O.C. 585:2) to blow specifically on the right side of the mouth. The Magain Avraham says this is based on the verse (Zecharia 3:1) והשטן עומד על ימינו - the Satan stands on his right side.


9

I once wondered about this and found an answer at Ohr Somayach. They say that Hallel is said with joy and that our focus on judgement precludes this. They cite Rosh Hashana 32b: Said the angels before G-d, Lord of the Universe, why does Israel fail to utter song before you during Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur? He replied, When the King sits on the throne ...


9

It has been used 11 times so far since the enactment of the fixed calendar in 4119. It was used in 4179, 4257, 4504, 4602, 4849, 5096, 5194, 5441, 5519, 5688, and 5766. The next time it will be used is 6013 if we still have a fixed calendar then. You can read about this exceedingly rare Dechiya and its history here.


9

The Talmud (RH 34) records: שמע תשע תקיעות בתשע שעות ביום יצא מט' בני אדם כאחד [לא יצא] תקיעה מזה ותרועה מזה יצא If he heard 9 blasts at 9 hours of the day, he fulfilled his obligation. [If he heard them] from 9 people at once, he did not fulfill his obligation, [but if] there was a Tekia from this [person] and [then] a Terua from this [person] he does ...


7

The reason that we keep 2 days on all festivals outside of Israel is because originally it was a doubt whether the new month had been declared, and word did not reach far enough for them to know by the middle of the month. Even once the calendar was set, they maintained the minhag of their predecessors (Beitza 4b). The Ba'al HaMe'or to Beitza 5a explains ...


7

They would take out a separate Sefer Torah and read the curses, in addition to the standard weekly parshah. Source: I heard it directly from a well-known rav, who based it on the Rambam Hil. Tefillah, 13:1-2.


7

As for Rosh Hashana, Rav Saadiah lists 10 reasons for blowing shofar. They are: Coronations of kings are announced by trumpet blasts. The shofar is the coronation blast of Hashem's rulership. (So think about accepting Hashem as king) The Shofar is a wake up call to examine our actions. (So think about if your behavior has been appropriate.) The Shofar ...


6

From my experience as a kosher Chef. This is quite an endeavour but not impossible. One lambs head will not provide much meat but enough for all to taste. Here is one with usage of Moroccan spices/ Sephardic flavours which go nicely with lamb and garnished with glazed apples appropriate for the holiday. For the head; 1 whole lambs head brain removed.( note ...


6

Both the Aruch HaShulchan and the Kitzur Yalkut Yosef forbid adults to blow the Shofar after one has fulfilled one's obligation, with the exception of blowing for somebody else or if one isn't sure one fulfilled the mitzva. ערוך השולחן - אורח חיים סימן תקצו - מנהג התקיעות לאחר התפילה ב וכתב רבינו הרמ''א דלאחר שיצאו בזה – אין לתקוע עוד בחנם. אבל קטן, ...


6

This was birkat kohanim, the priestly blessing, which (in the diaspora, at least for Ashkenazim) is done only on the high holy days and festivals. In Israel it is done at each morning service (where a minyan is present). This is a recreation of a temple practice. I have been taught that one reason our kohanim take their shoes off is because they did in ...


6

There seems to be no known source for feeding the fish at Tashlich. As already noted, those who mention it then to be opposed to it. But the fact is that it is mentioned - and its origins seem to be almost as old as the Minhag of Tashlich. Regarding feeding the fish at Tashlich we could learn from the Aruch HaShulchan's opinion regarding feeding the birds ...


5

There is no Mitzva to blow Shofar on Rosh haShana. Accordingly, there is no Bracha on doing so. This is a Mitzva to hear the Shofar being blown, and there is a Bracha said before doing so ("...and commanded us to hear the blasts of the Shofar"). Everyone who is fulfilling the Mitzva should say a Bracha. In general, if multiple people are doing a Mitzva ...


4

Here's a detailed explanation, with pseudocode-like notation. http://individual.utoronto.ca/kalendis/hebrew/molad.htm#calc. The following is my own summary: MonthlyMoladDifference = 29 days + 12 hours + (44 + 1/18) minutes. MoladTishrei5775 = [...] NewMolad = MoladTishrei5775 for(year=5775; year<currentYear; year++) { IsLeapYear = [0, 3, 6, 8, 11, ...


4

In the seffer haminhagim of the Maharil, the source of tashlich quoted in the Ramma end of siman 583, he mentions in hilchos Rosh Hashana ois 9 when going to tashlich on Rosh Hashana to be carefull not to take food along so as not to feed the fish, which people would do for fun while they were there. It has been proposed that this seemingly innocent act of ...


3

The procedure you are mentioning is hatarat nidui from the heavens. That means that if a person got a nidui from above, he can ask 10 men to cancel it. Since among each 10 men there is shechina, when they cancel the nidui, the heavens have to accept this. This custom is mentioned in this booklet of minhagim, in the end of page 24, more details in footnote ...


3

The gemara in Krisos daf vav says we eat the simanim. The girsa in Horios 12a is to look at the simanim. In situations where one cannot eat the siman, we rely on simply looking at them. This was the Ben Ish Chai's practice when a certain one of the simanim was too bug infested to be allowed to be eaten. Being that the link was to a human shrunken head I ...


3

Rambam Hilchos Teshuvah 3 (4) says about blowing shofar on Rosh Hashono אע"פ שתקיעת שופר בראש השנה גזירת הכתוב רמז יש בו כלומר עורו ישינים משנתכם ונרדמים הקיצו מתרדמתכם וחפשו במעשיכם וחזרו בתשובה וזכרו בוראכם. {Free translation} Even though sounding the shofar on Rosh Hashono is a biblical command, there is a hint to it. It says so to speak ...


3

From Penei Baruch Siman 29: אבל תוך י״ב חודש על אביו ואמו ובתוך שלשים על שאר קרובים אסור לעבור לפני התיבה בראש השנה ויום הכיפורים. וכשאין אחר כמותו מותר My loose translation: A mourner within 30 days of the passing of all relatives and within 12 months of his father or mother is forbidden to be a chazzan on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur. However if ...


2

One answer may be that this sequence better emphasizes God's compassion - despite already being 'convicted', God still forgives. Another reason I heard from Rabbi Dovid Orlofsky is that this is meant to teach us that God the ideal is for us to be tzaddikim, to measure up to justice. This is meant to teach us that god thinks that we are really capable of ...


2

Gemara Rosh Hashana 17b עיני ה' אלהיך בה עתים לטובה עתים לרעה עתים לטובה כיצד הרי שהיו ישראל רשעים גמורין בראש השנה ופסקו להם גשמים מועטים לסוף חזרו בהן להוסיף עליהן אי אפשר שכבר נגזרה גזרה אלא הקב"ה מורידן בזמנן על הארץ הצריכה להן הכל לפי הארץ עתים לרעה כיצד הרי שהיו ישראל צדיקים גמורין בר"ה ופסקו עליהן גשמים מרובין לסוף חזרו בהן לפחות מהן אי אפשר שכבר ...


2

In Kuntres Umayon, it speaks about that on Rosh Hashana, it can be decreed, for example, that they'll be a lot of rain, and if later you're not deserving, you'll get the rain in the wrong place, or vice versa.


2

I have done this several times in the past. In viewing the Mishnah Brurah, now, I discovered several things that I was unaware of. As there are many laws regarding blowing / hearing the shofar, what I am providing may be a partial list, only: 589:3 - a woman is exempt from hearing the shofar b/c it is a time bound mitzvah. The mechaber states that they ...


2

The source for the minhag to blow shofar the whole month of Elul is the Pirkei Dirabi Eliezer chapter 46. After the eigel incident, and the ensuing tshuva, Hashem told Moshe to come back up the mountain and blow the shofar so nobody would make the same mistake counting the second time and get lost after avoda zara again. Hashem was 'elevated ' with that ...


2

Basically, what kind of a head are you talking about. If you mean a human shrunken head, then it is subject to all the rules of a body of a human being. This includes the requirement that it be buried, treated with respect and the laws of tum'ah (ritual impurity). As such, using it as a "segulah" would be asur. In fact, it is also asur to have a (real) one ...


2

ELiyahu Ki Tov in Sefer Hatoda'ah (Book of Heritage) mentions that Elul is am "Et Ratzon" - a time of "acceptance"/ Therefore, this is an appropriate month to concentrate on Teshuva. Saying Selichot and increasing supplications is one means of doing this, but, going through the motions of saying the words of Selichot without feeling anything or encouraging ...


2

The Ramma in Orach Chayim siman 581 says it start at amud hashachar and we are not mashlim. The Aruch Hashulchan there and the Mishna Berurah in siman 562 s.k. 10 says that means you don't need to wait till nightfall. But he then brings a Machatzis Hashekel from our siman that says due to the weakening of the generations many people only fast untill mincha ...


2

Nitei Gavriel Rosh Hashana 29:2 says that it is a Machlokes whether it should be eaten after the Hamotzi (Tur, Darchei Moshe, Sidur Yaavetz, Sidur Hatanya, Mateh Efraim, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, Likutei Maharich, etc.) or immediately after Kiddush (Maharil, Ohr Tzadikim, Sidur Rab Shabsai, Ruach Chaim, Ketzei Hamata, etc.).


2

It was actually the subject of a machlokes Rishonim if Rosh HaShana should be two days in Jerusalem/Beis HaVaad/Israel. The Baal Me'or (Beitza 3a) cites part of the discussion, and records that the practice was to only keep one day, until it was changed per the psak of the Rif. The Rif claims that based on Rava (that R' Yochanan would agree even after the ...


1

I haven't been able to locate a definitive source as to why many Nusach Ashkenaz machzorim seem to use the Nusach Sefard version on Rosh Hashannah / Yom Kippur. Art Scroll and Birnbaum does this, also, BTW. (@Noach Mi FRANKFURT- and you're not using Birnbaum??? Ah Shandeh :-) :-) See the link @Gershon Gold referred to and view the answer, there, that refers ...


1

Copying Ypnypn's pseudocode and adjusting it so it can check all years and so it doesn't require a loop: MonthlyMoladDifference := 36:44:03.33... YearlyMoladDifference := MonthlyMoladDifference*12 CyclelyMoladDifference := YearlyMoladDifference*19 + MonthlyMoladDifference*7 Molad := 29:11:20 //comment: tohu (year 1) input Year Cycles = Year/19 //comment: ...



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