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Luach Hahalachos Uminhagim - 5771 page 30 - note 13 says this is based on the Chayai Adam 139:5 & Elef Hamagain 40 Chayai Adam 139:5 says that one should say תכתב ותחתם לאלתר לחיים טובים Elef Hamagain 40 says one should add Ulishilom


The answer to your question is 3 seifim earlier (586:16): ציפהו זהב במקום הנחת פה, פסול.‏ The Aruch Hashulchan (586:28) writes: ובמקום הנחת פיו – פסול משום חציצה, שהזהב מפסיק בין פיו לשופר.‏ The sound must be created by the contact of the lips on the shofar, additionally it may not be altered in any way by a foreign body.


The Shulchan Aruch (586:21) just uses this example since it was an example of the Mishna in Rosh Hashana (4:8) (32b in the Gemara).


You understand, I think, why there was a doubt about the day of Rosh Hashana and they needed two days (on the day after 29 Elul no one knew if witnesses would come or not, etc.). Thus, in fact, every date (eg.) on the Hebrew calendar had a one-day doubt to it (if you lived far enough away that messengers couldn't get to you in that number of days), either ...


Here's a piece on Chabad.org explaining it. Basically, it is on Elul 30 and Tishrei 1 -- the only problem is that Elul was set to only have 29 days. Back in the days of witness-based Rosh Chodesh, Elul sometimes had 29 and sometimes had 30 days. If it ended up having 29, then the day after (Tishrei 1) would be Rosh Hashanah and Tishrei 2 would be an ...

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