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15

The references to Rashi, Raavad, and R' Avraham ben haRambam* are explicated in Otzar Yisrael (and from there in the Daat Encyclopedia): Rashi - to Prov. 5:19 cites an explanation of the word תשגה in the name of R' Moshe Hadarshan, who in turn bases it on an expression used by Eldad. In the area of halachah, Rashi (Pardes, Hilchos Treifos) accepts Eldad's ...


14

From this site. "R' Menachem Mendel Kasher in an article in the periodical Sinai refutes many of [Gershom] Scholem's points (used to argue that Zohar was authored by R. Moshe De Leon). He writes: Many statements in the works of the Rishonim refer to Medrashim that we are not aware of. He writes that these are in fact references to the Zohar. ...


14

We never claimed that the recipe originated from the Terumas Hadeshen; that was the article author's own conclusion. What we said in the book was, "As early as the fifteenth century, it is recorded that every Friday evening the Austrian sage Rabbi Israel ben Petahiah Isserlein (1390-1460) welcomed Shabbes with “three fine hallot kneaded with eggs oil, and a ...


12

Ya'akov Avinu was known as an ish tam. Since they shared the first name Ya'akov (and possibly some personal character traits), one's appelation was applied to the other.


10

What I find interesting about the Rosh is that he remained an Ashkenazi-centrist, even in his host country. He started a Yeshibha based on the Ashkenaz model, married his sons, exclusively, to members of his own extended family (although he did marry his daughters to Sephardim, probably students at his Yeshibha..). Another interesting thing to point out is ...


8

There are many supercommentaries on Rashi's commentary to Chumash, which do pay very close attention to each word he wrote, but these are written by Acharonim for the most part. Rashi's commentary was popular already throughout the times of the Rishonim. Here are several famous quotes from Rishonim about Rashi that I know of: Ramban: (Inro. to commentary ...


8

His full name is R. Shlomo ben Avraham; here's the entry for him in Otzar Hagedolim. מרדוש (should properly be מדרויש or some variant thereof; Maharshal, in his teshuvah no. 29, where he brings the "chain of tradition" up to date to his own times, writes מדרוויש) is after the town where he lived - Dreux, France. Maharshal lists him among the primary ...


7

The single best place for online texts, commentaries and shiurim relating to Yerushalmi is definitely http://www.yerushalmionline.org/ They have daf yomi recordings for all of the Yerushalmi from shiurim given by Rabbi Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer as well as 100s of pdf's of articles and commentaries on the Yerushalmi. In my limited experience with the ...


7

Per this link http://www.torahlab.org/calendar/article/is_there_another_torah/ Today the Maharam’s Torah is in the Aron Kodesh of the famous Alt-neu shul in Prague.


7

The Rambam writes in one of his letters: We do not pose difficulties with [i.e. from] the Aggadah. Are they words of Tradition or expressions of reason? Rather each individual considers their explanation as it seems fit to him. In this [Aggadah] there are no words of Tradition, no prohibition and no license, and no law among the Laws; therefore we do not ...


7

Excerpt from R' Yaakov Lipschitz's foreword to תוספות שאנץ: שבתוספות שאנץ על הגליון כמו בתוספות תר"פ, ישנו פירוש ״מהר״ד דלקרוישא", חכם בלתי ידוע במקום אחר, ומצאתיו רק פעמים אחדות בתוספות תלמיד רבינו פרץ למסכת פסחים


6

The quote actually comes from Mivchar HaP'ninim, which was written originally in Arabic, then translated into Hebrew by Judah ibn Tibbon (father of the famous translator of Maimonides' "Guide", Samuel ibn Tibbon). Perhaps one reason why a quote such as the one you saw became popular was due to the publication of an English version of the book (available ...


6

(The title implies you are speaking about Rash"i's commentary on the g'mara, which was not composed the same way as his commentary on chumash but the question does not make a distinction.) There are many supercommentaries on the commentary on the Torah, many of whom make statements like that. A great book that analyzes it all is this one: Patterns in ...


5

The best online resource would be yerushalmionline.org. It contains shiurim from R' Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer on the entire Yerushalmi, and links to helpful seforim. The top things to keep in mind (sorry, I can't think of exactly 5 right now) are that Yerushalmi's language is more terse than that of Bavli, and there is often little or no consensus as to how a ...


5

There is a rishon who explicitly says how to analyze Rashi. It is Rabbi Yitzhak Kanpanton from Spain. He was the rabbi of the Abuhav who was the rabbi of the Bet Yosef. He wrote a clear approach of how to learn gemara. This book can save the world. Nothing like it in the last 500 years. The Chason Ish held highly of the book, as did the Shelah. It is ...


4

I was a bit confused by your question because 'shitah' is usually a term used in learning halakhah but Derekh Hashem isn't a book of halakhah, i.e., what to do, but rather a presentation of a conceptual framework for understanding religion and the world. As far as the sources of the ideas: they come in large part out the Ramhal's engagement with the writings ...


3

There is a sefer called Bereishis Rabbasi which was written either by Rav Moshe HaDarshan or one of his students. He is also quoted in many places in Pirush HaRokeach Al HaTorah and Tosafos HaShalem Al HaTorah (things which are not quoted by Rashi).


3

The terms "ולא היא" ("it is not so") and "תמיה" (or some variant, meaning, roughly, "unbelievable") come up quite frequently, although this is often followed by "לפע״ד" ("in my humble opinion"). For one example, the ב"ח in יורה דעה צ"ד levies several criticisms at many others among both his contemporaries and his predecessors, using לפע״ד at least once in ...


3

The following is from an old project of mine. It is in rough chronological order, so I cut it off by the 15th century, but some Acharonim still managed to squeeze in. :) Classic Mussar Seforim The following is a select list of major works of mussar: Mishlei (Proverbs) – Shelomo HaMelech (King Solomon). The book of Mishlei is probably the first work ...


3

The closest thing to a full Biography I could find. Biography of Rashbam Biography of Ibn Ezra


3

I do not know what it says in the introduction of that book, however I would imagine that his explanation would go something like this. The story of "Lo Bashamyim hi", exists in a very specific context. That context is a Beit Din arguing with one of the members of that Beit Din. That is, we have a situation, where a beit din is gathered, and they are ...


2

'Kadosh' may imply that he was a martyr, in which case I would guess that he was killed in the crusades based on the time period. This would in turn suggest that he was one of the Baalei HaTosafos, meaning his perush is most likely incorporated into Tosafos' gloss. I know I recently saw Tosafos quote the 'Kadosh MiCorville' which would be a similar name ...


2

In Dynamics of Dispute, Rabbi Lampel points out that in areas of Aggada, we even find Amoraim breaking the Golden Rule and arguing with Tannaim - see for example Megillah 7a in which Shmuel claims he has a better source for the Divine nature of Megillas Ester: אמר שמואל אי הואי התם הוה אמינא מלתא דעדיפא מכולהו שנאמר קימו וקבלו קימו למעלה מה שקיבלו למטה ...


2

Regarding if the commentaries of other Rishonim are treated this way, in the sefer דרכי התלמוד by R' Yitzchok Kanpanton (קנפנטון), written in 1593, he writes that one must be exacting and careful with the words of the Ramban and understand that there are no extra words in it. I have never seen this sefer, but the Machon Maarava Chiddushei HaRamban quotes it ...


1

Otzar Hamidrashim, Asseret Hadibrot http://midreshet.org.il/ResourcesView.aspx?id=2626 פעם אחת היה ר' עקיבא מהלך בדרך ומצא אדם אחד שהיה מכוער ביותר והיה נושא משאוי גדול של עצים שלא היה אדם בעולם ולא חמור ולא סוס שיכול לטעון כמותו. אמר לו ר"ע: משביע אני אותך בשבועה שתאמר אם אתה בן אדם או שד או מאיזה בריה אתה. א"ל: רבי! אדם הייתי וכבר נפטרתי מן ...


1

The shift happened from the Shulchan aruch. Before the Shulchan Aruch, halacha was decided by each posek looking towards the Talmud and Geonim, or being influenced by other Rabeim, and coming to their own decision about an issue, based on what made sense to them and their community. (Using many many factors) The Shulchan Aruch however, decided to take a 2 ...


1

There are numerous examples of rishonim expressly calling people out for speaking falsely, and while the number of people to do so diminishes with time (unless they're speaking about their own contemporaries), it nonetheless remains a phenomenon. The Maharshal, for example (Rabbi Shlomo Luria), believed that anybody is capable of disputing with anybody else, ...


1

Rabbi Ovadia Yosef has on several occaisions said that a certain Acharon or even Rishon was wrong. He does so respectfully, usually saying, "and with all due respect to his honor, this is not so." You can find at least one instance quoted in this review of one of the several biographies on Rav Ovadia Yosef. (see page 7 right hand column five lines from the ...


1

Your question reminds me of this map of the earth based on Herodotus c.450 BCE: In all seriousness, let's do the math. Jerusalem to the Jordan River is roughly 13 miles. Something 39 times the distance would be just over 500 miles. Jerusalem to the Mediterranean is however roughly 31 miles. That's less than 3 times the distance. (Or maybe there was a ...


1

Rashbam R. Samuel ben Meir (Rashbam) was Rashi's grandson (his father, Meir, was Rashi's son in-law) and the older brother of Rabbenu Tam. He was born ca. 1080 and died ca. 1160. He spent his whole life in France, and studied Torah with his father and other scholars, especially his grandfather Rashi, in whose house in Troyes he grew up. He studied Torah ...



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