New answers tagged repentance-teshuvah
The Anaf Yosef commentary to the Ein Yaakov Berachos 10b asks this question and answers that there is a distinction between those who are evil through their own choice without struggling against circumstance, about whom we daven for their demise, and then there are those who became evil through difficult life circumstances, as the Gemara says that poverty ...
It wasn't a punishment, but a test by Hashem to show them that they weren't on the level yet to enter Eretz Yisrael. Only the new generation that hadn't been slaves could conquer the land. But the old generation really wanted to, but needed to be convinced. Why we suffer from this chet up to this day is another discussion.
Here's my own idea: The nation's sin was to use their own judgement of the land, rather than follow what Hashem said. After the decree, they again followed their own judgement, ignoring Hashem's command not to ascend. This showed that their teshuva was flawed, since a main part of teshuva is being in the same situation, and behaving differently (Rambam, ...
The Maharal in Be'er HaGolah Be'er Shevi'i actually understands the account and concept of Beruria to be the basis for the prayer of V'Lamalshinim (see here in the R' Hartman edition, p. 419-421). Therefore, the Maharal explains, each clause of the beracha is directed towards the nature of the evildoer, but not towards the evildoer himself: ״ולמשומדים ...
Seems pshat to me: teshuva was requested in an earlier bracha; those who have not repented by then, to them "al tehi sikvah"!
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