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8

Actually, I don't know why you'd have to ask specifically about the USSR. Wouldn't the same question apply to any feudal-type government, where the king is in principle the owner of all of the land in the kingdom? And AFAIK there's no concept in halachah that you have to ask him for permission to build a sukkah. I think the reason might be, building on ...


7

The division of the land included, among other steps: sending out commissioners to survey it (Josh. 18:4ff) ...and to evaluate the worth of the individual regions and plots of land, to make sure that the division would be equitable (Rashi to Num. 26:54) designating which roads would be private vs. public, depending on their grade (Eruvin 22b) assigning a ...


6

This is likely a paraphrase of the Talmudic statement (Yevamos 63a): ואמר רבי אלעזר כל אדם שאין לו קרקע אינו אדם שנא׳ השמים שמים לה׳ והארץ נתן לבני אדם Rabbi Elazar said: "Every man who does not have land is not a man, as it says "The heavens are heavens of G-d, but the earth He gave to the children of men."


6

No easy answers here, but let me try to illuminate the question. As far as property goes, the Gemara in Bava Kama 28a says that if my neighbor fills my yard with his barrels so I'm unable to exit, I can smash a straight path from my door to the street and he can't charge me for this. However if I injure myself while doing so, I can't sue him. This Gemara ...


5

This is similar to the topic discussed here. Generally, we say zachin l'adam shelo b'fanav, that you may acquire something for someone else if it is for his own benefit (even without his knowledge), except when your acquisition is at a third party's expense. However, in the case of acquiring a lost object on another's behalf, the gemara (Bava Metzia 10b) ...


5

Rashi (w/o surce) in B'har 25:13 says that the redeemer returns it to the original owner at Yovel.


5

Abarbanel, though not a halachic source, mentions that if the seller does not have the means to redeem his property, a wealthier relative of his (his goel), should buy it back from the buyer "to return it to the seller," implying that ownership immediately reverts to the original seller.


5

אוצר דינים ומנהגים pages 137-138 discusses this. It does not diffrentiate between Chutz LAretz and Eretz Yisroel.


5

From Aish.com When a Jew and non-Jew share a house, each having his own designated room or area, then a mezuzah is not posted on the common doorway. (Rama Y.D. 286:1 with Pitchei Teshuva 3)


4

(I found all these sources in Nit'ei Gavriel on Aveilus ch. 32 footnote 1.) A "Chanukas HaBayis" is an old custom first mentioned (though not by name) in the midrash (Tanchuma Bereishis 2 et. al.). The Radak (Shorashim, חנך) writes that "it is a minhag to have a meal and happiness at the first eating that they eat in the new house." The Maharshal (Yam ...


4

It's actually not so much because of practicality, but because the prerequisites for Yovel are that all Jews are living in the land of Israel, and each tribe in their designated territory. (So even if all of the land were under Jewish control, there's still the fact that almost no one knows what tribe they're from. See the discussion in the comments here.) ...


4

There are Halachic problems with entering a church, and even with using a former church building for some other purpose. (Rabbi Frand has a tape about converting a church into a synagogue.) So if the social hall is part of the church building, that's one whole set of issues. If it's just a free-standing social hall that happens to belong to a church, we ...


4

There are Jewish communities which have the custom that if a tragedy happened in a home, the current owners will move out. This is based on the Rabbinic expression "one who changes his location changes his luck". However, there is no reason for somebody else not to move into such a home. In Jerusalem - and other predominantly Jewish areas - such homes are ...


3

As far as conquest, see Exodus 23:29–30 (JPS translation): I will not drive them [=the inhabitants] out from before thee in one year, lest the land become desolate, and the beasts of the field multiply against thee. By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land. I guess conquest took ...


3

This is an unsourced logical argument that buying or selling such a policy does not imply a lack of faith in the coming of moshiach. Do we say that the writer of a life-insurance policy is betting that the buyer won't die, so he won't have to pay out? No; rather, the insurance company is making an actuarial/financial calculation by which they believe they ...


3

It would appear that nothing here was in the bounds of absolute strict obligation. (The Torah only strictly obligates yibum for the brother of the deceased; Boaz and Ploni were more distant relatives.) Nonetheless, it was felt that to honor Elimelech's memory, it was appropriate that one person both buy his ancestral fields, so they'd be back in the family, ...


2

According to the Malbim's commentary, Boaz chose to do Yibum in order to spiritually reincarnate Rus's deceased husband, Machalon, which is the Zohar's approach to what happens in Yibum - the soul of the deceased is reincarnated into the son born of the Yibum union. (See Malbim to 4:14, for example.) Along the same lines, he may have chosen to acquire the ...


2

Rav Herschel Schachter was asked this question regarding saving a parking space which you yourself shoveled out (from snow). He definitively said that one may not save the space. This seemed to be related to the fact that it is illegal.


2

According to the plain reading of the text Efron never officially "charged" for it. Efron merely stated "what's 400 shekel between me and you? Take it to bury your dead." He was giving it for free to Avraham. Avraham however did not want to take it for free. However, he picked up on the value which Efron had thrown out there. Avraham made sure to pay ...


2

One possibility is Efron really wanted lots of money for it, but said "BEFORE THE EYES OF MY PEOPLE it's a gift"; he felt that with everyone watching, to look good, he was obligated to offer it as a gift.


2

Pesahim 4a, 4b and 5b discuss thoroughly this topic. For example, my English translation of Koren Talmud Bavli cites the halacha If the owner of a house who lets it to another delivered the keys to the lessee before the evening of the fourteenth of Nisan, the lessee is obligated to search for leaven. If the keys were delivered ...


2

I doubt that Disney-land is הוקף לדירה as it's for visiting and not for living in. As a result, the Halacha in the Rambam הלכות עירובין פרק ז siman 4 which seems to imply that a very large area not הוקף לדירה has a Techum Shabbos issue. מי שעמד מבעוד יום ברשות היחיד, וקנה שם שביתה, או שהיה בא בדרך ונתכוון לשבות ברשות היחיד הידועה אצלו, וקבע שם ...


2

The Mishneh Torah, in Hilkhot Tefilin u-Mzuzah ve-Sefer Tora 5:11, says( see also Shulchan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah 291:2): המשכיר בית לחברו--על השוכר להביא מזוזה ולקבוע אותה, אפילו היה נותן שכר על קביעתה: מפני שהמזוזה חובת הדר היא, ואינה חובת הבית In English: When a person rents a dwelling to a colleague, the tenant is obligated to obtain a Mezuzah and ...


2

Rav Ovadia Yosef states that the sefardi poskim allow heter mechira, regardless of if it is a shaas hadchak. He also quotes that Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach paskened in favor of heter mechira. In his sefer שו"ת יביע אומר ח"י), Rav Ovadia, states clearly that it is 100% permitted in this day, and that is regardless of whether it is a time of sakana. But for ...


1

The Malbim on that verse explains that he knew the sale was taking place because she had decided to sell it, and it was publicly announced that the field was on the market. Alternatively, the Malbim explains that she had told Boaz that she intended to sell it, and he had told her that he would first approach Tov (Ploni Almoni). The Malbim finds support for ...


1

First you have to differentiate between Reshut HaRabim and Hefker. Nobody can do a Kinyan on Reshut haRabim; it belongs to everybody unless the "king" or local equivalent decides otherwise. (Unless you cause damage; it belongs to you insofar as you are responsible for restitution.) When a tract of land is Hefker you can do a Kinyan - appropriate to land ...


1

It doesn't matter if it's on the premesis or not, it depends on if the money will be used to enhance/repair/beautify Avodah Zoro or just to the people. When they were using it for free it was no problem but when paying rent it would depend on the above and on the issue of wanting the Avodah Zoro to remain standing. See Shulchan Aruch Yore Dei'ah 143:3 and ...


1

Is this not a simalar case like if a jew from shevet don buys land from a jew from shevet naftoli, after the jubilee year, the jew from shevet naftoli gets his land back? I assume its the same case here. However, since we don't know who's land it is, and we don't have a jubilee year altogether, you keep the land until moshiahH comes, or keep on selling it, ...


1

The Muslims claim that Mearas HaMachpela belongs to them and this is after Avraham paid an astronomical sum for it. Imagine if he got it for free!



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