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Copied (with slight modification) from another answer of mine: Almost all contemporary poskim, most notably the Chazon Ish, have assumed that at least some, if not all, of those halakhos are no longer applicable today to a person who doesn't believe in God, because we'd attribute it to his upbringing or the inability to be properly philosophically convinced ...


0

As a supplement to Matt's answer; see Mishna Berura 2:1, who writes that מיושב: דאז בהכרח יתגלה גופו והאדם צריך להתנהג בצניעות ובושה לפני הקב"ה ואפילו כשהוא לילה ובחדרי חדרים הלא מלא כל הארץ כבודו וכחשיכה וכאורה לפניו יתברך....ע"כ האנפלאות יראה ללבשם או לפשטם ג"כ תחת הסדין שלא לגלות רגליו שדרכן להיות מכוסות לעולם במדינות אלו שאין הולכין יחף אפילו ...


10

The Gemara (Yoma 78b) writes that one who sleeps with shoes on, 'has tasted a taste of death', and since tasting death is probably not a good thing, some poskim write that sleeping with shoes on should be avoided (see Kaf Hahayyim Y.D 116:211, for example). The book Shemiras Haguf Vehanefesh (no. 115) also writes that wearing shoes to sleep causes someone to ...


3

The answer is well implied in the first 2 paragraphs of the Halachot you quote, namely that we are using 24 hour days and 60 minute hours, not sha'ot z'mani'ot. Rambam KidushHachodesh 6:1 states: ...The first level of these calculations represent approximations of the time of the conjunction, and their accuracy is not great. This approximation of the ...


1

Here Rav Meir Neuri suggest a connection with the Gemara in Kiddushin 31a: בשעה שאמר הקב"ה אנכי ולא יהיה לך אמרו אומות העולם לכבוד עצמו הוא דורש כיון שאמר כבד את אביך ואת אמך חזרו והודו למאמרות הראשונות When G-d said "I am" and "You shall not have" the nations of the world said - he is demanding his own honor. Since He said "honor your father and ...


0

It's about respecting authority. First the authority of our legal system, then the authority of parents.


3

The source of the Rambam is the Mishna, Rosh Hashana 2:7, and Rav Ovadia MiBartenura explains (based on the combination of Rav Pappa and Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak's opinions in the Gemara Rosh Hashana 24a) that the declaration is structured according to the verses in Vayikra 23 2 and 44. In verse 44, Moshe declares the holidays, and thus the start of the ...


6

If a five-time Oscar winner makes stupid comments about current political events he knows nothing about, does that mean we shouldn't trust his advice about acting? Of course we should: his acting has been tried and found true. Similarly (though l'havdil), any authority the Jewish community as a whole has examined over the years and accepted is a "winner".


2

The best and most authentic version of MT is the one put out by Mifal Mishne Torah. They rely heavily on the Kapach manuscripts (which avoided the problem of Christian censors by being in Yemen), as well as several other manuscripts, at least one of which was signed by the Rambam's own hand. I had the opportunity to talk to one of the project leaders and he ...


3

The Mishnah says that the sister Rachel is forbidden to do yibum with Shimon because of the rule "since she was forbidden at one time, she is forbidden forever". But the Rambam when he wrote his commentary on the Mishnah was in doubt whether this rule was D’Oraissa (from the Torah) or D’Rabbanan (Rabbinic). This question affects the law of the non-sister ...


1

The first question is pretty easy -- Jewish status is entirely matrilineal. Mom's Jewish? Child is Jewish. Mom's not? Neither is the kid. So if mom is an asufi, the same would apply to her children. Makes no difference who the dad is. (There's only one safek here -- is mom Jewish or not. The safek about dad is irrelevant.) Second question: you mean ...



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