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The problem of defining God is that a definition is a border that describes the object of being only from here and until there. Every definition is giving boundaries. When you "grasp" a concept, you surrounded it with boundaries and you know where it comes in, where it ends, what is before, and what is after. God is endless, and therefore indescribable. He ...


God exists in a different way than we do. Imagine in your mind a blue elephant. Now lift that elephant in your mind. Is that considered an act of might? maybe to the elephant, but to you it is not. so too, every attribute we ascribe to God is relative to our plane of reality, not His. this elephant analogy is not so far off as the Tanya Shaar Yichud ...


They are not so much something we know about G-d as behaviors we know G-d wants us to emulate. This is the thesis of Moreh Nevuchim 1:54. He then uses this to explain the 13 Attributes of Mercy that Hashem revealed to Moshe and concludes, "We have gone too far away from the subject of this chapter, but we have shown why it has been considered sufficient to ...


The sources are vast, ranging from the Tanakh itself, through Tannaitic and Amoraic eras, and into the Geonic era (since you specifically asked for sources pre-rishonim). The Shema (Devarim 6:4) is of course the flagship statement of Jewish monotheistic faith (see also Devarim 4:35 and others). See also Yeshayahu 44:24 and 45:12; Tehillim 135:6; Daniel ...


The shema? But seriously, see hagiga 15a. Acher's heresy was stating that metatron was a power equal to hashem. Upon seeing metatron sitting in heaven, he proclaimed "There are indeed two powers in Heaven."


Why do some Jews prefer to live among Christians as opposed to Muslims? This question is difficult to answer. The most likely explanation is that modern Muslim nations are often very hostile towards Jews, whereas most modern majority Christian nations are largely friendly towards Jews. It is also important to note that most majority Christian countries ...


In his dissertation, Rabbi Ezra Labaton has a lengthy discussion of the use of the term "sod" (actually 3 words in Arabic, in addition to the word "sod") by Rabbenu Avraham ben HaRambam. It seems very likely that this would be very similar if not identical to the usage of the Rambam. He writes (page 279): Rabenu Abraham uses the problematic word ...


Text from the 1859 Leipzig edition: http://www.sefaria.org/Iggerot_HaRambam,_Iggeret_Kanaut


Wikipedia says: Cicero stated the twins objection (that with close birth times, personal outcomes can be very different), later developed by Saint Augustine. He argued that since the other planets are much more distant from the earth than the moon, they could have only very tiny influence compared to the moon's. He also argued that if astrology explains ...


Try Aronson's "Maimonides' Introduction to His Commentary on the Mishnah" (1995).


It turns out that the research I did before asking this question was simply too good. Marx reprints the letters at the end of his article (starting at page 343), which is available online for free through JSTOR.

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