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תלמוד בבלי מסכת עירובין דף יג עמוד ב אמר רבי אבא אמר שמואל: שלש שנים נחלקו בית שמאי ובית הלל, הללו אומרים הלכה כמותנו והללו אומרים הלכה כמותנו. יצאה בת קול ואמרה: אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים הן, והלכה כבית הלל חידושי הריטב"א מסכת עירובין דף יג עמוד ב אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים. שאלו רבני צרפת ז"ל היאך אפשר שיהו שניהם דברי אלהים חיים וזה אוסר וזה מתיר, ותירצו כי ...


5

First off, this is a perfectly valid and very important question, and it deserves a thorough, well thought out answer. While I'm not sure I can provide that, I'll try to give at least a small answer to try to explain this phenomenon. There is a concept in the tradition known as "Shivim Panim Latorah" which loosely translates to 'there are 70 interpretations ...


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Similar to what Shmuel Brin mentioned in the comments, I would guess that the R' stands for Reb. That seems to be somewhat of a Hebrew equivalent to 'Mr.' When I was in High School and the Gabbai for the school Minyan, the Rosh Yeshiva said I should add the title 'Reb' before the names of non-Rabinic adults (i.e. I called my friends up as Ploni ben Reb ...


5

This doesn't really answer your question definitively at all, but I thought it might interest you. I was reading through some of the autobiographical essays of R. Isaac David Essrig (1893-1976), who was a well-respected rabbi (although he wouldn't be considered a "gadol") originally from Israel but who moved during WW1 to America. For about seven years ...


2

Sdei Chemed maareches haLamed klal 145 has a long list of sfarim from Rishonim and Achronim who do not allow one to quote something in the name of a Rabbi turned heretic. He started off quoting this gemara under discussion. He mentions a Rashba who says this is a measure for measure punishment for someone who doesn't lead his life according to the words of ...


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It seems that there is no problem to cite a rabbi who has gone astray, as long as it is clear that he is no longer seen as a bona fide rabbi. The Gemara in Chagigah (15a) quotes Elisha b. Avuyah specifically after his apostasy: After his apostasy, Aher asked R. Meir [a question], saying to him: What is the meaning of the verse: God hath made even the ...


2

Very roughly: The tablets are two, written earnestly, in them commandments ten, examined as testimony. [The Jews] heard [the 1st commandment] "I am ..." and [the 2nd] "you shall not have ..." from the Almighty, and the laws [i.e. the remaining 611 commandments] they kept Bless the One who let His congregation experience the perfect Torah within it their ...


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The theory of the diurnal rotation of the Earth. According to this article in Isis, the journal of the History of Science Society, After the Twelfth Century, references to the theory [of the diurnal rotation of the Earth] multiply, there being in the subsequent era at least six writers who discuss the hypothesis. Five among these, AL-SHIRAZI, ...


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The original article is available online: http://docslide.us/documents/ny-times-1975-article-about-r-moshe-feinstein.html



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