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15

Danno got it right. But I'll go through the quotes anyhow. A. Non-Jews aren't humans. Keritot 6b. There are a handful of specific technical laws in the Bible that pertain to "an adam" which the Talmud interprets as "Jews only"; for a non-Jew we are more lenient. The idea simply is that most of the Torah's laws were intended for a Jewish audience, so ...


13

In general, I wouldn't post just a quote, but it so perfectly addressed the question... From Hayom Yom (29th of first Adar), written/compiled by the Lubavitcher Rebbe: In responding to L'chayim there are two versions: L'chayim Tovim Ul'Shalom, "for good life, and for peace." The reason for this blessing is that the first time drinking wine is ...


13

These attacks are usually amalgamations of the following: Pure invention -- some of the books listed don't exist or the quotes are fabrications Mistranslations or selective quoting Out of context quotes (statements made in the course of a protracted legal argument presented as definitive statements of belief or statements made to make a legal point being ...


9

The Midrash (Bereishis Rabbah 84:19) says that it was Reuven. For this he was rewarded by having his descendant, the prophet Hosea, be the one to issue the call to teshuvah "Shuvah Yisrael" (Hos. 14:2, the haftarah of Shabbos Shuvah).


9

Yes, the painting is based on a popular picture of the Chofetz Chaim, which can be seen in The Schwadron Collection of the National Library of Israel (Jerusalem). The archive lists the picture as following: A photo portrait of Rabbi Israel Meir Cohen ("Chafetz Chaim"): printed silver, black and white, 7X12 cm. Portfolio also includes a copy of this ...


9

The Tur in Orach Chaim 124 says that his father the Rosh would say Baruch Hu U'Baruch Shemo based on the Pasuk Ki Shem Hashem Ekra Havu Godel L'Elokeinu.


8

http://chareidi.org/archives5761/korach/KRfeatures.htm While our rabbis tell us that davening at kivrei tzaddikim is a segulah for all types of help, the tradition of Amuka as an address for unmarried men and women is a relatively new one, according to experts in the field. It was "rediscovered" about fifty years ago by Rav Shalom Gefner of Meah ...


8

The commentary often attributed to the Rosh and sometimes to one of his students, to B'reshis 4:16 (after Kayin's banishment), reads: ויצא קין יצא כמעלים מבוראו ונגלה לו הקב״ה וא״ל גדול עונך מנשא כיון ששמע קין התחיל לעשות תשובה ואמר גדול עוני מנשוא ואמר אתה טוען עליונים ותחתונים ונקראת נושא עון אמר לו הקב״ה אתה עשית תשובה אבל מחצה עד שהוא יוצא פגע בו אדם ...


8

This custom is mentioned in the Shulchan Aruch (OC 610:1). It is supposed to serve as a reminder to avoid marital relations on Yom Kippur. It is common to allow at least some light into the bedroom: see "The Laws of Lighting Candles for Yom Kippur" by R' Yosef Zimbal.


7

It is found in Teshuvas HoRosh 4:19 in his father's name. In the Torah Temimah on Devarim (page 480 the last 4 lines of the page) quotes Sefer Chareidim who quotes a Midrash to say ברוך הוא וברוך שמו on every Beracha.


6

In the Mishpacha magazine, issue 455, 7 Iyar 5773, (April 17, 2013), Mrs. Blima Silverman of Toronto, Ontario, writes (in a letter to the editor), "In your February 20 edition the song, 'Big Gedalia Goomber' was attributed to yet another person who did not write it." She writes further, "The song (both music and lyrics) was composed by my husband, Rabbi ...


6

Your second answer seems to be closest... As far as we can tell, scrolls in the ancient world were kept wrapped in cloth and stored in wooden cases or boxes. The Gemara attests both to mitpahot [cloth wrappers] (Megillah 26a) and a tik [wooden case] (Megillah 26b) used to store sifrei Torah. Bracha Yaniv's article on Torah scroll accessories in the Balkans ...


6

The actual dispute is not about which direction to wrap, but the location of the loop through which the retzua is threaded. We find this dispute in the Biur Halacha (27:2 ד"ה המנהג), he quotes the Beis Yosef in the name of the Mahari Ben-Chaviv who holds that while the "yud" should be located at the bottom of the tefillah the loop should be located at the ...


5

A quick search yields no results in the Mishna but one result in the Tosefta, namely Avoda Zara 3:19. However this is only true in the Erfurt manuscript (see the third to last line of the page numbered 0424 in the linked pdf (71 megabytes)), not the Vienna one, nor the original printed editions.


5

From Nitei Gavriel Succos 94:11:14 it seems to be a more recent Minhag. כתר שם טוב ח״ז עמוד רי׳׳ט, שנעשה להרבות שמחה ביניהם. וכ״ב בקובץ כרם שלמה גליון תשרי תשמ״ג עמוד ה׳ מהגה״ק רבי משה מראזוודוב זצ״ל, עפ׳׳י סוד טעם למנהגן של ישראל לעשות דגלים שנודע דג׳ רגלים פסח שבועות וסוכות, אינון חסד גבורה תפארת ג׳ דגלי המרכבה, וחג הזה הוא דגל רביעי שבמרכבה, ...


5

I know that this is the custom of R. Yitzchok Ezrachi in the Mir Yeshiva in Yerushalayim, but I have no idea whether it was done in the earlier days of the yeshiva. The practice must be at least a century old, considering that it is mentioned in a story written by the maskil D. Y. Silberbusch (see here - published 1905), as well as in a story written by the ...


5

I can't say I've ever seen this practiced, but lighting candles in one's bedroom is certainly a traditional thing to do on Yom Kippur. The Mishna (Pesachim 4:4) rules that some places light Yom Kippur candles and some places don't. The explanation always given (see, for example, the commentary of Rav Ovadia of Bartenura) is that marital relations are ...


4

Cantor Goffin refers to it as "Traditional / Corollary MiSinai", and therefore in his opinion, immutable. Not as iron-clad as something recorded by Maharil, "father of Ashkenazic custom", though. So I think that means we have no record of it from the 1400s, making it likely newer than that. Afraid I don't know when, though. Note that Cantor Goffin's ...


4

Rabbeinu Yehudah Hachasid writes in Sefer Chasidim that the job of the Shaliach Tzibbur is to wait until most of the kehal has finished one paragraph and then he starts the next. He says that what we do is a mistake that was propagated by arrogant mishoririm (chazzanim) who wanted to be heard. The correct hanhagah still exists by some groups of chasidim, ...


4

Not sure. The artscroll "diamond" is believed to be their modification of the crosses found in ... other groups' prayer books. Printed after the Rambam's Halachot of Prayer are his text of the siddur, which includes some notes of his on what the chazzan says out loud in kedusha. When it comes to Psukei D'Zimra, you really don't need a chazzan anyhow, ...


4

Rav Joseph B. Soloveitchik (quoted in Nefesh Harav page 151-2) was careful to sit during Ashrei of Mincha based on the language of the Rambam Tefilla 9:8. He felt this was not just a permission to sit but a requirement in order to establish (לקבוע) a Tzibbur. The footnote there references an article in Beis Yitzchak (5749 volume 21 page 18) where Rav ...


4

Rabbi David Sperling responds on Ask the Rabbi Shalom, Thank you for your question. You are absolutely correct that we wish everyone a long and healthy life. The appellation "Shlita" is generally applied exclusively for rabbis only because of common usage – there is no reason other than as a sign of respect (just as I as a boy called all my ...


4

The Rama (CM 49:7) and the Levush (ibid.) use the expressions שליט"א and שלי"ט as an example of a siman on a document that could be used to distinguish two people of the same name and same father's name if only one of them had a father still living. This example is also mentioned in the works of subsequent acharonim. Apparently, this appellation was even for ...


4

Per Nitei Gavriel Nisuin 1 17:7:13 the source of מי אדיר is Sefer Birchas Hamazon Dierenfort 452, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 147:65 Per Yismach Lev page 82 the source of מיבן שיח is Machzor Vitri 325.


3

I wrote two books about this matter. Each of them is dedicated to one of the types you have mentioned. Both of them are in Hebrew. The books are: מעשה חושב: התיק לספר תורה ותולדותיו, ירושלים - רמת גן תשנ"ח מעשה רוקם; תשמישי קדושה מטקסטיל בבית הכנסת האשכנזי, הספרדי והאיטלקי, ירושלים, תשס"ט Prof. Bracha Yaniv


3

For Pesukei dezimroh OU Torah tidbits says, that the Ashrei is similar to the meditation of the pious men of earlier generations (B’rachot 32b) would spend an hour before prayer, and the source for this practice is the verse ASHREI YOSH’VEI VEITECHA… Praiseworthy are those who dwell in Your house, they will continue to praise you, Selah. Rashi expounds that ...


3

The pasuk of ויהי נועם concludes, not the הנני מוכן exactly, but more specifically, the paragraph of לשם יחוד. This paragraph states intent to perform the mitzvot in conjunction with uniting the Holy One, blessed be He, and His Sh'china. This is a Kabbalistic declaration, in accord with the customs of the Ari. I'm certainly not qualified to answer ...


3

There are a few places where it "matters", but in most cases, it's just the custom (not even a minhag per se) that people follow. Some places where the order and timing actually matters: The end of the shema: the chazan repeats [not waits and says later] hashem elokeichem emes [machlokes whether the Chazan should say emes the first time [in which case the ...


3

According to the annotations in the prayer book itself, this appears to be a version of the Kel Malei Rachamim prayer by England's Chief Rabbi Rabbi Nathan Adler (Chief Rabbi from 1845 until his death in 1890), as edited by the Chief Rabbi (and author of the siddur linked to in the question), Rabbi Joseph Hertz (Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom from 1913 ...


3

The Rokeach in his commentary to the siddur (פירושי סידור התפילה לרוקח [צד] רצה במנוחתינו) says: כשהחזן אומ' ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו ואלקי אבותינו ומתחיל התפילה, הקהל עונים ברוך הוא וברוך שמו, ויש אומ' ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד, ויש אומרים יהי שם ה' מבורך מעתה ועד עולם, על כן יזהר הקורא את השם שיזכירו ביראה כי כן נאה לו The source may be from this Midrash ...



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