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16

Danno got it right. But I'll go through the quotes anyhow. A. Non-Jews aren't humans. Keritot 6b. There are a handful of specific technical laws in the Bible that pertain to "an adam" which the Talmud interprets as "Jews only"; for a non-Jew we are more lenient. The idea simply is that most of the Torah's laws were intended for a Jewish audience, so ...


14

Yes, the painting is based on a popular picture of the Chofetz Chaim, which can be seen in The Schwadron Collection of the National Library of Israel (Jerusalem). The archive lists the picture as following: A photo portrait of Rabbi Israel Meir Cohen ("Chafetz Chaim"): printed silver, black and white, 7X12 cm. Portfolio also includes a copy of this ...


14

These attacks are usually amalgamations of the following: Pure invention -- some of the books listed don't exist or the quotes are fabrications Mistranslations or selective quoting Out of context quotes (statements made in the course of a protracted legal argument presented as definitive statements of belief or statements made to make a legal point being ...


13

In general, I wouldn't post just a quote, but it so perfectly addressed the question... From Hayom Yom (29th of first Adar), written/compiled by the Lubavitcher Rebbe: In responding to L'chayim there are two versions: L'chayim Tovim Ul'Shalom, "for good life, and for peace." The reason for this blessing is that the first time drinking wine is ...


9

http://chareidi.org/archives5761/korach/KRfeatures.htm While our rabbis tell us that davening at kivrei tzaddikim is a segulah for all types of help, the tradition of Amuka as an address for unmarried men and women is a relatively new one, according to experts in the field. It was "rediscovered" about fifty years ago by Rav Shalom Gefner of Meah ...


9

The Midrash (Bereishis Rabbah 84:19) says that it was Reuven. For this he was rewarded by having his descendant, the prophet Hosea, be the one to issue the call to teshuvah "Shuvah Yisrael" (Hos. 14:2, the haftarah of Shabbos Shuvah).


9

The Tur in Orach Chaim 124 says that his father the Rosh would say Baruch Hu U'Baruch Shemo based on the Pasuk Ki Shem Hashem Ekra Havu Godel L'Elokeinu.


8

This custom is mentioned in the Shulchan Aruch (OC 610:1). It is supposed to serve as a reminder to avoid marital relations on Yom Kippur. It is common to allow at least some light into the bedroom: see "The Laws of Lighting Candles for Yom Kippur" by R' Yosef Zimbal.


8

The commentary often attributed to the Rosh and sometimes to one of his students, to B'reshis 4:16 (after Kayin's banishment), reads: ויצא קין יצא כמעלים מבוראו ונגלה לו הקב״ה וא״ל גדול עונך מנשא כיון ששמע קין התחיל לעשות תשובה ואמר גדול עוני מנשוא ואמר אתה טוען עליונים ותחתונים ונקראת נושא עון אמר לו הקב״ה אתה עשית תשובה אבל מחצה עד שהוא יוצא פגע בו אדם ...


7

The actual dispute is not about which direction to wrap, but the location of the loop through which the retzua is threaded. We find this dispute in the Biur Halacha (27:2 ד"ה המנהג), he quotes the Beis Yosef in the name of the Mahari Ben-Chaviv who holds that while the "yud" should be located at the bottom of the tefillah the loop should be located at the ...


7

It is found in Teshuvas HoRosh 4:19 in his father's name. In the Torah Temimah on Devarim (page 480 the last 4 lines of the page) quotes Sefer Chareidim who quotes a Midrash to say ברוך הוא וברוך שמו on every Beracha.


7

There is a book called שער הכולל that aims to explain the choices made in that version of the siddur. The author notes the following in regard to the phrase ובין איש לאשתו (chapter 1, paragraph 19): במשנה שלפנינו לא נמצאו התיבת הללו אבל בסדר היום ובשער השמים משל״ה מביאים הלשון הזה גם בתד״א פי״ג לענין אהרן הכהן מביא זה הלשון בין אדם לחבירו ובין איש ...


6

Yerushalmi Taanis Perek 2 Halacha 1 אמר רבי לעזר: שלשה דברים מבטלין את הגזירה קשה ואילו הן: תפילה וצדקה ותשובה.


6

Avraham was Chozer Beteshuvah from a life of Idolatry to recognizing the true Boreh Olam (creator of the universe). See Rambam Hilchos Avodah Zorah.


6

In the Mishpacha magazine, issue 455, 7 Iyar 5773, (April 17, 2013), Mrs. Blima Silverman of Toronto, Ontario, writes (in a letter to the editor), "In your February 20 edition the song, 'Big Gedalia Goomber' was attributed to yet another person who did not write it." She writes further, "The song (both music and lyrics) was composed by my husband, Rabbi ...


6

Your second answer seems to be closest... As far as we can tell, scrolls in the ancient world were kept wrapped in cloth and stored in wooden cases or boxes. The Gemara attests both to mitpahot [cloth wrappers] (Megillah 26a) and a tik [wooden case] (Megillah 26b) used to store sifrei Torah. Bracha Yaniv's article on Torah scroll accessories in the Balkans ...


6

This tune was composed by Ben Zion Shenker of the Modzitzer chassidim. I can't really do justice to his legacy in words here, but see the bio I've linked. His place at almost every shabbos table in the world is well deserved. And a link to a recording of Ben Zion Shenker himself singing this: http://www.piyut.org.il/tradition/841.html?currPerformance=1093


6

Pilpul is not so much a method of learning as it is a method of applying one's learning. It is thought to have started with R' Yaakov Pollak in the 15-16th century, and involves the linking together of disparate texts on the basis of lexical and thematic similarities. It has its detractors, but chiefly because it has been taken to illogical extremes by those ...


6

Rabbi Dr. Immanual Shochat's introduction to his translation of Slichos (page xii) places the first text of Slichos to Rav Amram Gaon. Wikipedia contends that the slichos part is of later vintage, but brings no evidence for the assertion (that the entire thing is whole cloth of later vintage, rather than interpolation of later slichos into what Rav Amram ...


5

A quick search yields no results in the Mishna but one result in the Tosefta, namely Avoda Zara 3:19. However this is only true in the Erfurt manuscript (see the third to last line of the page numbered 0424 in the linked pdf (71 megabytes)), not the Vienna one, nor the original printed editions.


5

From Nitei Gavriel Succos 94:11:14 it seems to be a more recent Minhag. כתר שם טוב ח״ז עמוד רי׳׳ט, שנעשה להרבות שמחה ביניהם. וכ״ב בקובץ כרם שלמה גליון תשרי תשמ״ג עמוד ה׳ מהגה״ק רבי משה מראזוודוב זצ״ל, עפ׳׳י סוד טעם למנהגן של ישראל לעשות דגלים שנודע דג׳ רגלים פסח שבועות וסוכות, אינון חסד גבורה תפארת ג׳ דגלי המרכבה, וחג הזה הוא דגל רביעי שבמרכבה, ...


5

I know that this is the custom of R. Yitzchok Ezrachi in the Mir Yeshiva in Yerushalayim, but I have no idea whether it was done in the earlier days of the yeshiva. The practice must be at least a century old, considering that it is mentioned in a story written by the maskil D. Y. Silberbusch (see here - published 1905), as well as in a story written by the ...


5

I can't say I've ever seen this practiced, but lighting candles in one's bedroom is certainly a traditional thing to do on Yom Kippur. The Mishna (Pesachim 4:4) rules that some places light Yom Kippur candles and some places don't. The explanation always given (see, for example, the commentary of Rav Ovadia of Bartenura) is that marital relations are ...


5

There are two basic schools of thought about this principle cited by Rebbi Zeira. The Talmud in Niddah 66a is the most primary source for the discussion of this. אמר רב התקין רבי בשדות ראתה יום אחד תשב ששה והוא שנים תשב ששה והן שלשה תשב שבעה נקיים אמר ר' זירא בנות ישראל החמירו על עצמן שאפילו רואות טפת דם כחרדל יושבות עליה שבעה נקיים Rav said: Rebbi ...


5

The Encyclopaedia Judaica, cited in the Wikipedia article linked in the comments above, states as follows: Eḥad Mi Yode'a is first found in Haggadot of the 16th century and only in those of the Ashkenazi ritual. Many scholars believed that it originated in Germany in the 15th century. Perles showed its similarity to a popular German pastoral song, "Guter ...


5

The source for those who begin one verse earlier is the Eishel Abraham of Butatach (Siman 138) who explains that this is because the custom is to chant the verse "Eicha Esa Levadi" in the same tune as Megillas Eicha and it is therefore considered a "tochecha" (reproach) and we do not begin an Aliyah negatively. See also the Likutey Maharich (3:52:1) who ...


4

Rabbeinu Yehudah Hachasid writes in Sefer Chasidim (reish nun alef) that the job of the Shaliach Tzibbur is to wait until most of the kehal has finished one paragraph and then he starts the next. He says that what we do is a mistake that was propagated by arrogant mishoririm (chazzanim) who wanted to be heard. The correct hanhagah still exists by some groups ...


4

Not sure. The artscroll "diamond" is believed to be their modification of the crosses found in ... other groups' prayer books. Printed after the Rambam's Halachot of Prayer are his text of the siddur, which includes some notes of his on what the chazzan says out loud in kedusha. When it comes to Psukei D'Zimra, you really don't need a chazzan anyhow, ...


4

Cantor Goffin refers to it as "Traditional / Corollary MiSinai", and therefore in his opinion, immutable. Not as iron-clad as something recorded by Maharil, "father of Ashkenazic custom", though. So I think that means we have no record of it from the 1400s, making it likely newer than that. Afraid I don't know when, though. Note that Cantor Goffin's ...


4

Rav Joseph B. Soloveitchik (quoted in Nefesh Harav page 151-2) was careful to sit during Ashrei of Mincha based on the language of the Rambam Tefilla 9:8. He felt this was not just a permission to sit but a requirement in order to establish (לקבוע) a Tzibbur. The footnote there references an article in Beis Yitzchak (5749 volume 21 page 18) where Rav ...



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