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7

Rashi himself asks and answers this question! On 32:9, he writes that his purpose is to provide a direct quote of Hashem for the sake of his argument/plea: ואלהי אבי יצחק: ולהלן הוא אומר (לא מב) ופחד יצחק, ועוד מהו שחזר והזכיר שם המיוחד, היה לו לכתוב האומר אלי שוב לארצך וגו'. אלא כך אמר יעקב לפני הקב"ה שתי הבטחות הבטחתני אחת בצאתי מבית אבי מבאר שבע, ...


6

The Rosh and Chizkuni (in his second explanation) and Daas Z'kenim answer that the maidservants' sons didn't bow, as they thought that they, as freemen, were more important than their mothers. That's why it says "bowed" in the feminine: only women bowed. [Presumably "and their children" in the verse refers to approaching.] Chizkuni's first explanation is ...


6

Rav Chaim Yaakov Goldvicht ZT"L (Rosh Yeshiva of Kerem B'Yavneh) had an interesting explanation. For 20 years he was bothered by the question - for years, Yosef served as viceroy of Egypt, and sent no message to his father to tell him he was alive, and made no attempt to contact him. Why not? He gave the following explanation: Yosef thought that his ...


5

In the first instance (hap-tip to Joseph for the list) of the use of "האל" in the Torah meaning "these," Bereishit 19:8, Rashi and Ibn Ezra comment on it, both indicating or implying that there's no special significance to this use. Skimming through the Mikraot Gedolot and R' Hirsch (commentaries I have at hand) on this and the other instances, I don't see ...


5

The Ramban seems to have understood it as the second option: Ramban to Bereishis 12:6 אומר לך כלל תבין אותו בכל הפרשיות הבאות בענין אברהם יצחק ויעקב והוא ענין גדול הזכירוהו רבותינו בדרך קצרה ואמרו (תנחומא ט) כל מה שאירע לאבות סימן לבנים ולכן יאריכו הכתובים בספור המסעות וחפירת הבארות ושאר המקרים ויחשוב החושב בהם כאלו הם דברים מיותרים אין בהם תועלת וכולם ...


4

Sforno says that it shows that even though Yaakov knew, he didn't disown Reuven, because he knew that he did tshuvah immediately. Both Ramban and Radak say that because of what Reuven did, Yaakov had twelve sons, i.e. he did not have any more children after this. Additionally, the Gemara in Shabbat 55b (phrase 27 in Sefaria) says that he moved Yaakov's bed ...


4

Actually Rivka did send Devora to call Yaakov, however she died on the way. Rashi Braishis 35:8 in the name of Rabbi Moshe Hadarshan "מה עניין דבורה בבית יעקב? אלא לפי שאמרה רבקה ליעקב (כ"ז, מה) 'ושלחתי ולקחתיך משם' – שלחה דבורה אצלו לפדן ארם לצאת משם, ומתה בדרך". See also Medrash Agada.


4

Like with so many of these questions, there are several approaches as to how to deal with this issue: While this approach is rejected by every commentator I've seen, I think it's worth mentioning at least as a rejected possibility: Yosef wanted to take revenge on his brothers for selling him. Besides for being an unacceptable interpretation because it ...


3

@Gershon Gold is correct that the term for cooking is בישול. Refer to the Targum and Peirush Yonatan on Breishit 43:16, where Yosef uses the term טבוח טבח. There, Peirush Yonatan says that this refers to "slaughtering" or "butchering" a goat. So, your original assumption seems correct that the Sar Hatabahim was the chief butcher. As to how the term "מטבח" ...


3

The simple explanation of the birth of Peretz and Zerach is that Peretz was born first. After Zerach stretched out his hand the midwife tied a red string on it figuring that he would be the first born. However he put his hand back in and Peretz emerged first. 38:30 וְאַחַר יָצָא אָחִיו אֲשֶׁר עַל יָדוֹ הַשָּׁנִי וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ זָרַח: Afterwards, his ...


3

The Ibn Ezra chapter 37 verse 36 writes שר הטבחים. תמצא זה הלשון על הרג ועל בישול. ודברי המתרגם נכונים. We find the use of this word for killing and for cooking. And the words of the Targum are proper. The fancy edition brings instances of these usages. For the killing option he sends to Daniel 2 14 רב טבחיא די מלכא די נפק לקטלה לחכימי בבל. For the ...


3

The earliest source of what happened appears to be the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, who was familiar with both Jewish oral tradition and Scripture. In the First Century, he wrote in Book 2, Chapter 3, of his Antiquity of the Jews: (32) But Judas, being one of Jacob’s sons also, seeing some Arabians, of the posterity of Ismael, carrying spices and ...


3

Excellent question! Avot D'Rav Natan ch. 9 Mishna 2 explains why. In summary, he states that that B'nai Yisra'el were tested 10 times (The Mishnah lists all 10) but they weren't punished for any of them except for the incident with the spies, because this was Lashon Hara. At the end of the Mishnah, he states, that this is a kal vachomer we should learn, ...


3

The text does not directly tell us what they did wrong. The rabbis offer several interpretations (recorded in various places in the talmud and collected in Vayikra Rabbah, a midrash collection). On 2:23: Rabbi Akiva sticks close to the text, saying that they died because they offered "strange fire", which he does not define. Rabbi Yose says they died ...


2

Rabbi Etshalom says that the brothers were out of sight of the pit and were waiting for the Yishmaelim. They did not see the Midyanim take him out of the pit. When Reuven came and found him gone, they did not know what happened either. In fact, some commentaries say that they would have weakened even more and had he been in the pit, (and Reuven pulled him ...


2

Haamek Davar notes that the sound of God's voice didn't leave the tent and says that the verse can thus be explained as follows: [An angel] called Moshe and [after Moshe entered the tent] God spoke to him….


2

The "one like a man" is no one in particular: this is a dream. But whom does the dream allude to by that character? The messiah, according to the commentaries on that verse (Rashi, ibn Ezra, M'tzudas David) and as alluded to in the Talmud (Sanhedrin 98:1).


2

Rashi's quote from the text is "את-אמתה" so his question must arise from within the quote or from the quote's relationship with the context. He may have been dissatisfied with understanding the quote as 'her handmaiden' because that would raised the following questions: 1) Why does the text specify who was sent? (It was 'only' a maidservant, after all. ...


2

Targum Pseudo Jonathan 34:31 says that Simeon and Levi were using the city of Shechem as an example and a warning to any and all who would think of treating the daughters of Jacob in such a way. (This is echoed by the Yerushalmi Targum as well): And Shimeon and Levi answered, It would not have been fit to be said in the congregations of Israel that the ...


2

See the lengthy Ramba"n discussion on Bresihit 34:13 He struggles with various aspects of this question, and why eventually Ya'akov cursed Shim'on and Levi's anger. There are three aspects to what Ramba"n states: He delves into a discussion of the responsibilities of B'nai Noach to establish a court and try people who violated certain crimes. Ramba"n lists ...


2

DanF got it right. "Tabach" means "butcher." Modern Hebrew has confused that with cooking a bit, a kitchen is called a "mitbach", again, old-fashioned cooks had to slaughter their own stuff. As for the Sar Hatabachim, Ramban says we don't know if his job was butchering animals, or if he was an executioner! (The latter would make sense as the guy has his own ...


2

Rabbi Gil Student addresses the Rambam and Ramban's positions. The Ramban has been cited in other answers. An excerpt of the Rambam's position is below (Mishneh Torah, Hilkhos Melakhim 9:14) ...People in general are obligated by the Noachide code to establish courts to maintain justice. Since Shechem was unpunished for his crime, the city residents ...


2

Lavan sent his son Beor (the father of Bilam) who was 17 years old - with 10 men to let Eisav know that Yaakov was on his way back. Beor also told Eisav how Yaakov fooled his father Lavan just like he fooled Eisav. That got Eisav riled up and he went to greet Yaakov with 400 men. (Sefer HaYoshor - end of Parshat Vayeitzei)


1

While not necessarily saying that Yosef was acting with ill-will or seeking revenge, R. Yoel Bin-Nun, as well as R. Chaim Yaakov Goldwicht (see YeZ's answer to this question) to explain that Yosef felt fully estranged from his family the whole time. In this article, footnote 2, the author points to an earlier source: Prof. Yaakov Spiegel (Megadim 5) ...


1

Here is what stuck with me in this Parasha: ( using Stone edition Chumash) Ch 34 v: 30 ' ... making me odious among the inhabitants of the land.' So, Yaakov was fearing the other residents of the land as well as their opinions..as they traversed, but then the men slew the city, note in Chapter 35 V5 " They set out and there fell a GODLY terror on the ...


1

Below are excerpts from Rav Shimshon Rafael Hirsch and his explanation as to why they reacted as they did. Note that Yaakov objected to this and did not accept their justification of "hora'as shah". See the full explanation in the 5 volume Hirsch Chumash. Rav Hirsch says on 34:25 Now the blameworthy part begins, which we need in no wise excuse. Had ...


1

Sholom Mordechai Hakohen Schwadron (Hebrew: הרב שלום מרדכי הכהן שבדרון‎) (1912–21 December 1997) edited and published two famous mussar texts composed by his teachers — Ohr Yahel by Rabbi Leib Chasman and Lev Eliyahu by Rabbi Elyah Lopian. Our Rav quoted Rav Chasman as having stated that the malach was stating that this is his name. When an enemy general ...


1

I don't have access to a humash now, but I believe a mefaresh said that the Torah is trying to show that despite the fact that Reuben did this terrible act, he is still counted among the twelve tribes of Israel.



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