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13

I'm sure that there are modules already written for this purpose (since, after all, there are lots of existing sites and applications that show the parshah of the week, and I doubt each of them reinvented the wheel). I don't know of any that are freely available, though. One way of doing this would be to use lookup tables for each of the 14 possible year ...


11

I had to implement this in Javascript and was successful. So here's the simple programming logic I used: Create an array (or list) of Parshas. Obviously you want to either use transliteration or such. Then used a complex set of if statements to offset based on type of year. To figure the type of year use something like this: function ytype(year){ var ...


11

The Jews that died, did not want to leave Mitzrayim. Because of these problems Rav Shwab says that the Medrash should not be understood literally - rather only a relatively small number died, but had they lived they would have given birth to millions of people over several generations. The three opinions are arguing about how many ...


10

In a number of his talks, the Lubavitcher Rebbe zt"l points out that this demonstrates that the names of the parshiyos aren't just incipits, but reflect the theme of the parsha (and that this is generally true of the Jewish names of people and things). The difference is basically this: Parshas Noach is primarily about Noach himself, not so much about his ...


8

The reason we have double parshiyos in the first place is in order to satisfy the four basic rules (given in Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 428:4) about the distribution of parshiyos throughout the year. In particular, the first two are: that the Shabbos before Pesach has to be Parshas Tzav in a regular year, or Metzora in a leap year; and that the Shabbos ...


7

Abarbanel discusses this and gives two reasons why the parshiyos were split this way (which, incidentally, are the reasons @LarryK and @GershonGold have offered). The plague of arbeh was chosen to begin Parshas Bo with because it begins the makkos for which Pharaoh began to fear the plagues and negotiate with Moshe before the plague started. All the last ...


7

The Lubavitcher Rebbe would often learn out something from the name of the Parsha. In this Sicha from Parshat Toldot, 1992 (quoted in Alex's answer to your other question), the Rebbe reiterates some of his guidelines about the Parsha name. (See the footnotes there for other places where the Rebbe discusses this) The name that was chosen is usually at the ...


6

My Simanim Tikkun does have seven aliyot marked in V'zot Habracha (the sixth starting at "Meona", and the seventh at "Vaya'al Moshe"), but perhaps this is because it is the Israeli version of the tikkun. All other tikkunim I've seen (in Israel) have seven aliyot as well. The custom I've seen, when Simchat Torah falls on shabbat, is to indeed add an extra ...


6

Lemech'2nd wife, Tzilah, was supposedly barren from drinking the kos shel akarim. Nevertheless, she gave birth to Tuval Kayin, and Naamah.


6

The Ba'al HaTurim (9:33) says that after the plague of Hail the Jewish nation no longer suffered from the burdens of Egyptian oppression. There would therefore be a clear distinction between the first 7 plagues and the last three, which might be why the plagues are separated there.


6

The following is from ספר ראב׳׳ן, a contemporary of Rabbenu Tam and his brothers the Rashbam and the Rivam: ראב"ן שאלות ותשובות (בתחילת הספר) סימן פח לעולם ישלים אדם פרשיותיו עם הציבור ב' מקרא ואחד תרגום. נ"ל דביחיד הדר בכרך מיירי שאין לו עשרה לקרות בתורה, שצריך לכוין השעה שקורין הציבור בפרשה בבהכ"נ ויקרא גם הוא ביחיד שנים מקרא כנגד שנים הקורין בב"ה ואחד ...


5

The seventh, Hail, marks a turning point. So it is also a good place to divide the parshiot. The plague is a turning point since it is the first one whereby Moses/Gd gives Pharoh three choices: Let B'nei Israel leave Fully suffer the plague Partially suffer the plague: save your fieldworkers and animals by bringing them indoors away from the hail (Ex ...


5

Wouldn't #3 answer the other two? Proposed answer: part of the miracle of the Mabul was that the ground was able to act as a super sponge when the rain stopped. (personally, I'm not too comfortable with that, there seems something wrong with it but I can't put my finger on it)


5

My understanding is as follows: "midbar" = desert "hamidbar" = "the desert" "midbar-sinai" = "desert of Sinai." There's no need for the definite article before desert, as we know which desert. It's already defined as Sinai. "bemidbar" = in a desert "bamidbar" = "be+ha+midbar" = in the desert So no, we would either say "in the desert" or "in desert of ...


5

The Parshoyos that are sometimes doubled are: Vayakhel-Pekudei, Tazria-Metzora, Acharei-Kedoshim, Behar-Bechukosai, Chukas-Balak, Matos-Masai, Nitzovim-Vayelech. The Gemara in Megila 31b says that Ezra established that the curses of Chumash Vayikra should be read before Shavuos and the curses of Chumash Devarim should be read prior to Rosh Hashana. The ...


5

Due to the fact that Rus came from him, who is the for-bearer of Dovid HaMelech and Mashiach. (Source, source.) Balak realized that everything is controlled by Hashem. (Source.)


5

In the sefer Ishei Yisrael pg 423, the author cites the Ketzos Hashulchan siman 25:14 that if one prayed alone then one should read the parsha from a chumash. He then cites in the next halacha (from Mishna Brurah 143:9, and Orach Neman seif 7) that in a place (yishuv) where there is no kosher sefer Torah then one person from the minyan should read from a ...


5

Rambam (Rambam Hilchos Tefilah 13:1) refers to parshas Metzorah as"vezos tehyeh Toras Hametzora" and refers to Parsha Bamidbar as "Bimidbar Sinai" among other parshas. Similarly, Sefer Hachinuch refers to Mishpatim as "ve'Elah hamishpatim" parsha Bo as "Bo el Paro" and even adds a break in Mishpatim to have another Parsha! (The minhag of Barcelona was to ...


4

I see where Sforno writes: וְיִהְיֶה הָענֶשׁ מִדָּה כְּנֶגֶד מִדָּה, שֶׁמִּי שֶׁעִנָּה אֶת הָאַלְמָנָה וְיָתוֹם בִּרְצוֹנוֹ יְסַבֵּב עַל כָּרְחוֹ עִנּוּי אִשְׁתּוֹ וּבָנָיו "The punishment is measure-for-measure: one who willfully oppresses the widow and the orphan, causes - against his will - that his own wife and children will be ...


4

Rav Matis Weinberg in Frameworks raises your question and answers that Parshas Toldos is all about who will continue the spiritual legacy of Yitzchak, Yaakov or Eisav? Who will father the generations that follow the same path? Parshas Noach, despite being all about generations (lots of "begat"s), does not deal with the Jews who are the principal conduit for ...


4

IF you look at the new Mossad HaRav Kook edition of תניא רבתי, in the fourth appendix it lists off the different parshiyos and has different names for the Parshiyos than what we have. It says בראשית, תולדות, אברם etc...


4

Parshat Toldot actually begins "ואלה תולדות יצחק". I have heard that the reason people call the earlier parsha "noach" is because the entire parsha deals with the story of Noach (and the listing of his descendants). "Toldot" on the other hand, although it begins with the story of Yitzchak's life, quickly switches to the story of Yaakov and Eisav as brothers. ...


4

According to the Rambam based on the Gemara in Bava Kamma 82a רמב"ם הל' תפילה ונשיאת כפים יב:א משה רבינו תיקן להם לישראל שיהו קורין בתורה ברבים בשבת ובשני ובחמישי בשחרית כדי שלא ישהו שלשה ימים בלא שמיעת תורה, ועזרא תיקן שיהו קורין כן במנחה בכל שבת משום יושבי קרנות, וגם הוא תיקן שיהו קורין בשני ובחמישי שלשה בני אדם ולא יקראו פחות מעשרה פסוקים. Moshe ...


4

[Not really an answer, but some random stuff I found and some general impressions.] The Aruch HaShulchan writes (OC 282:12): המנהג הפשוט כששני סדרות מחוברות קורא הרביעי סוף פרשה ראשונה ותחלה שנייה כדי שהשבעה קרואים יהיו שוים בשתי הסדרות When dividing up the aliyot of a double parsha, one should make the fourth aliya straddle the border so that each ...


4

The Rema (Orach Chayim 135:2) rules that a synagogue that missed kriat hatorah one week is required to make it up the following week. The first oleh reads the entire previous parsha (the one the synagogue missed) plus the first aliyah of this week's parsha, and from the second aliyah on, the aliyot of this week's parsha are divided as normal. Halacha ...


3

The first bold term is obvious. Without the words "Who sits on his throne", you would think that only Pharoh's son, and not Pharoah himself would be threatened with the plague. Once that phrase is required, then the next phrase 'behind the millstone" is also needed. Because if it only mentioned the throne, then you might think that only the slaves of ...


3

Rashi explains that from the most illustrious to the lowliest ones were afflicted. There are different levels of slaves, and those behind the millstone were the absolute lowest level. And Pharaoh was on the absolute highest level.


3

I've asked a friend of mine to do me a favor and to write a code for this. Here is what he have done, and here is an example of (my) usage of his code.


3

Excellent observation. Here are some quick thoughts. I would say that the description of the wife as "ezer k'negdo" might give you an insight. It's usually translated as "help mate" ("helpmeet" in OE), but that is somewhat ambiguous. If you look at the words they are exactly translated as "help against him." The question is, what is the antecedent of ...


3

The Rambam (Seder HaTefillah) calls the two prashas "Eleh toldot noach" and "Ve'elah toldot yitzchak" keeping them parallel.



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