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6

Welcome to J.SE, good questions. Suppose I start with 100 lbs. of flour. First I give a small amount, known as Terumah, to the Kohen. That leaves 98 lbs. of flour. I tithe the remaining flour (9.8 lbs); that's called Maaser Rishon, and it's given to the Levites. (Rambam laws of Maaser 1:1). The Levite then tithes what he gets, i.e. 0.98 lbs of flour, and ...


6

Rav Shimshon Rafael Hirsch (R'ei - 11:30) says that the language (הלא המה) implies that the mountains were already known to the people. He also says that their difference from each other as well as the point that they were actually the first place that Avrohom built an altar could account for this. Note that as described, one mountain is lush and green and ...


5

Leviticus Ch. 1 makes it clear that the only mammals available as sacrifices were cattle, sheep, and goats. So as soon as the Torah said (a few chapters later into Leviticus) that "deer and gazelle are kosher animals", that meant you could eat them (by trapping and slaughtering them) without them being sacrifices. Yes they're wild, so they're a bit ...


4

The Chinuch (580) addresses a slightly different but related question: ואולי יעלה במחשבתך בני לאמר, ואיך ימנע אדם מהלואה לעולם מפני זה, ולמה נכתב על זה לאו, והלא בידו להתנות עמו על מנת שלא תשמיטנו בשביעית, וכדרך שאנו עושין תמיד בשטרותינו? אל יבהילך דבר זה, כי התורה תזהירנו בדברים, ואף על פי שאפשר בתקנות ותנאים.‏ And perhaps you, my son, might think ...


3

Rashi (on the two verses) says that the first is a reference to the bird of the Metzorah which is sent away live. It can be subsequently eaten and doesn't become forbidden as something used in the temple service. The second adds a violation of a positive commandment to the already existing negative commandment about eating non-Kosher birds (there is another ...


3

The 'Blessings and Curses' referenced in the Gemara there are those of the Tochecha (Deut. 28:15-68). Note how the Gemara compares it to the 'Blessings and Curses' of Leviticus, which Rashi on the preceding page definied as the Tochecha of Leviticus (Lev. 26:15-45). I don't know who first suggested this as the reason for the singular ReEh, but I would ...


3

When we speak of 'ability', we mean one of two things: [A] the literal (“you can't eat Deadly Nightshade”), and [B] the figurative (“you can't eat here without membership”). Going through Chumash (Search keyword in Bar-Ilan: “+לא +וכל+”) it appears that Onkelos is meticulous in differentiating between instances where the behavior in question is truly ...


2

I do not see any difference in meaning between לְמִינוֹ and לְמִינֵהוּ, but the choice of usage between the two may have significance. The word לְמִינֵהוּ closely resembles the hypothetical way of expressing "to its kind" or "to its species" in Proto-Semitic (P.S.). Here, the Tsere vowel underneath the nun indicates that the word מִין ("species", "kind") ...


2

Animals do not impart or contract ritual impurity while alive (at least not in any situation remotely likely for a pet owner (or anyone) to encounter).


1

I think the point is the opposite, that you would think Shmitta is approaching, so you won't lend with any expectation of repayment, so the Torah is saying then give it as a gift, or make it a loan if the person is too proud to take a gift. However, I would point out that in general the concept of a loan here is really tzedakah that you have minimal reason ...



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