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9

Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer 29 says that Shem Ben Noach performed Avraham's bris. The Medrash Rabba Bereishis 49:2 says that Hashem held Avraham's hand and helped him perform the bris. The verse in Bereishis 17:24 supports that it was performed by someone else, as it uses the passive language בהמולו, when he was circumcised, and Rashi there points out that this ...


8

To summarize 9 or 10 hours of Rabbi Daniel Raccah's shiurim on the subject in a single paragraph: Malki-Tzedek is identified with Shem, Avraham's great (x7) grandfather. Noach originally aspired for his sons to be the Torah teachers in the world (like Avraham, Yitzhak and Yaakov eventually would be), but only Shem adopted the calling. That's why ...


8

The body of your question differs slightly from the title, so I will focus on that (i.e. why he wasn't worried Pharoah would say the same thing). Here's an answer from this Ohr Somayach Parsha Q&A (see Kasha section), as heard from Rabbi Michael Bachar: Avraham suspected that the king of Sodom would publicize the fact that he enriched Avraham. ...


8

From part of my answer here: The Lubavitcher Rebbe (Likutei Sichot Volume 5, page 146) gives a very practical reason why Avraham waited to have a bris. Rashi explains that G-d's commandment to Noach after the flood, forbidding spilling a mans blood (Genesis 9:6) applies to spilling ones own blood as well. As such, Avraham was legally unable to circumcise ...


6

Just a thought: Being seen and being praised is something you can't avoid. There is nothing you can do about it. But being taken is something you can resist. So the third phrase gives us the understanding that it was against Sharah's will : She was taken (Vatukach) instead of They took here (vayikchu otah).


5

The בית הלוי explains (I forgot where) that you cannot have a one-sided contract. Therefore, even though Avraham kept all the מצוות before they were commanded, the מצוה of ברית מילה was untenable before Avraham was commanded, as the whole point is a ברית between 'ה and Avraham, and it wouldn't really be a contract without 'ה commanding Avraham.


5

The Wikipedia article on Malchi-Tzedek bring a lot of information about Malchi-Tzedek, his interaction with Avraham, as well as the transfer of Priesthood.


5

The book Hege Yona (Jerusalem 5756), by my grandfather-in-law Rabbi Yona Munk, includes the following (in my own free translation): 14:23: "or if I take anything from you, lest you say 'I enriched Avram'" The question that arises is why Avraham agreed to take gifts from Par'o and Avimelech, not worrying they'd say they enriched Avram. One can ...


5

I heard in the name of the Maharal (in Gur Arye, but I haven't had a chance to check it inside,) that Avram understood that the wealth Hashem had promised him would come through natural means, and that he therefore didn't mind taking gifts from people. But Bera's gifts were awarded to him for distasteful acts, so he understood that those could not be the ...


5

Sarah's actions need not be righteous. First, this source is based on a Midrash. The simple text just states that Sarah oppressed Hagar without going into any detail. The goal of the Midrash could be to get you to view Hagar from a sympathetic point of view - it does not necessarily mean to justify the behavior. Secondly, the Ramban ad loc (secondary ...


4

Isn't it simply that Avraham had not yet received the promises of land and dynasty when he was in Egypt but he had by the time he was in S'dom? The last thing that happened before he went to rescue Lot was that dual promise. Following that, Avraham resolved to receive the good things that were coming to him from Hashem alone.


4

This website recounts the medrash that says that According to the Midrash (Tanchuma VaYeira 3), Abraham only circumcised himself after consulting with his friend Mamrei.


3

It is imagery. The promise was not that there would be exactly as many Israelites as stars. It was that this man without a child would have 'many, many' descendants, as has already been the case in history, and anyway, who knows how many Jews will yet exist in future as well.


3

The Zohar says that Avraham was confident that his wife's merits would protect her (see here). If so, it is readily understandable why Avraham had to go to war for Lot. Lot did not have the merit to protect himself.


3

To add to the question, according to Midrash Tanchuma (cited by Rashi on Vayera), Avraham was initially quite reluctant to perform brit milah and was persuaded to do so only after consulting Mamre. in the plains of Mamre: He [Mamre] was the one who counseled him about circumcision. Therefore, He appeared to him [Abraham] in his [Mamre’s] territory. — ...


3

The Riva (commentary on the Torah to the end of Pashas Lech Lecha) explains that Bris Milah is a mitzvah that can only be performed once a lifetime. Since the Gemora (Kiddushin 31a) concludes that it is preferable to keep something out of obligation rather than voluntarily, Abraham waited till he was commanded to fulfill the mitzvah in the best way possible. ...


3

The Midrash Tanchuma on parshas Lech Lecha (י"ז) says: Why was he (Avraham) circumcised only at the age of 99? To teach converts; that if a man comes to convert he should not say “I am an old man, so how can I convert?” He should rather learn from Avraham who circumcised himself at the age of 99!


3

You must remember that this victory was a miracle. Rashi brings an opinion that Avraham and Eliezer alone fought the actual fight. So the question may be when is it more preferable to have a miracle and not what were the tactics at that time.


3

OK, I found an answer to this in the Gur Aryeh commentary (Maharal of Prague) on the possuk. To summarize: The Marahal says that Avram wasn't worried about his own honor but rather the honor of Hashem - i.e - Hashem promised to make Avram wealthy - not the king of Sodom. So you'd ask: maybe this is how Hashem wanted to make Avram wealthy - through the ...


3

As Maimonides writes (Y'sode Hatora chapter 7): הנביאים… אין רואין מראה הנבואה אלא בחלום בחזיון לילה או ביום אחר שתפול עליהן תרדמה…‏ הדברים שמודיעים לנביא במראה הנבואה דרך משל מודיעין לו ומיד יחקק בלבו פתרון המשל במראה הנבואה וידע מה הוא. כמו הסולם שראה יעקב אבינו ומלאכים עולים ויורדים בו והוא היה משל למלכיות ושעבודן. וכמו החיות ...


3

To me, this implies two different group of people who play two different roles. The princes are the ones who saw her and told Pharaoh about her. They're actively affecting the story and therefore are mentioned. Subsequently Pharaoh had her brought to him by lower level agents who do not independently affect the narrative and therefore aren't mentioned.


2

This is an idea I heard some time ago. Hashem promised Avraham that he will be wealthy. Avraham knew that money that was given to him happily by the giver would be coming from Hashem. This is the case of Pharoah who gave the money willfully as presents. In the case of S'dom the money actually belonged to Avraham: During the war S'dom lost it and Avraham ...


2

Hak'sav V'hakabala answers that Avram did not, in fact, receive gifts from Par'o. The verse says only that Par'o did good to Avram and Avram had possessions, but does not say Par'o gave him anything: this means only that Par'o very kindly did not take any of Avram's possessions away from him. Note that this answer does not accord with the Rashi quoted in ...


2

Someone e-mailed me: I was also thinking that from Pharaoh he took because it was to compensate for the suffering of Sara Imainu. Furthermore, "ain bracha metzuya b'baiso shel adam ela bishvil ishto", so he knew that was from the bracha, and the money from Sedom was not from the bracha. I think the tzu shtel of "ain bracha..." I heard from R' Helman ...


2

The Bible says in Deut 10:22 (and a few other places as well) that: "Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude." This was at the time the Israelites were about 3 million people (by some accounts) after coming out of Egypt. In other words, the Bible considers ...


2

The above blessing does not refer to numbers in one generation but to permanence for all time. Chinese are here today but who knows about tomorow. while the promise to avraham is that the Jews will be here forever and ever. This is something only God can guarantee. Related to this, Mark Twain observed. ”...If statistics are right, the Jews constitute ...


2

The Rambam, in his Igeret Taiman (Epsitle to Yemen) addresses the quote. I realize this doesn't quite answer the question completely, but he does reject Islam as part of the blessing. (Translation is from http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Epistle_to_Yemen/VIII) The phrase "a great nation" cited above does not connote a people in possession of prophecy or a ...


2

The Midrash Rabbah Lech Lacha 9: "א"ר לוי מל אברהם אין כתיב כאן אלא נימול בדק את עצמו ומצא עצמו מהול " Reb Levi said that the Torah said nimol Avraham opposed to maol Avrham,meaning Avraham checked and saw that he had a milah already.


1

The discrepancy between the three kidnapping cases in Bereishit- twice with Sarah(Pharoah in 12:10-20 and later by Gerar's king 20:1-18) and once with Lot(14:12-18), is that Lot was taken as an act of war(spoils), so he responded with an act of war in return. Sarah, on the other hand, was taken by the two kings while Abraham was a guest in their respective ...



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