New answers tagged parashat-ki-tisa
Exodus Rabah 40:4 explains that Judah was the greatest of the tribes, whereas Dan was the least of them1. Gd mentions Bezalel, a noble of the exalted Judites, descendant of Prince Caleb and the Prophetess Miriam, (Sotah 11b, Numbers 13:2-3, Megilla 14a), grandson of Hur, a leader recognized by Moses, (Exodus 24:14), alongside Oholiab the lowly Danite, ...
Sifse Chachaim 22 (tav) to 31:6 indicates that B'tzal'el was in charge, Aholiav helped him with his tasks, and the two of them delegated other responsibilities to the others. In other words, the two of them were in charge; this, I assume, is why they were mentioned by name.
Rashi says in his commentary on Exodus 32:20 there were different punishments for different levels of sin. People who were warned before witnesses were killed by the sword, as was done by an Idolatrous city, (Deut. 13:16). Others who acted before witnesses without warning were killed in a plague, (Ex. 32:35). Others who acted without witness or warning were ...
Rashi cites the Gemara in Yoma 66b that there were three levels of those who sinned that day. The drinking was applied to those who sinned without warning or witnesses (according to the opinion that Rashi cites). The Gemara in Avoda Zara 44a says that he was checking them like the law of a Sotah. The implication is that this was only applied to those that ...
The drinking happened several pesukim before shevet Levi joined Moshe, so it seems that the Levi'im were no different than the others at that point.
Notice the verse's wording: 'Whosoever hath sinned against Me...' See also Bava Kama 79b in which the Sages explain that a burgular pays twofold as opposed to a robber, because at least the robber shows a uniform disdain for authority, stealing before Gd and men unabashedly. The burgular on the other hand fears men only, stealing with subterfuge, but ...
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