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The כלי יקר seems to discuss both your approaches - making it seem that Chazal didn't voice a [strong] opinion either way. He first mentions the popular approach that עִמָּהּ means that she intended him to share her fate. ותתן גם לאישה עמה. מלת עמה. פירשו המפרשים כדי שיהיה עמה תמיד ולא ישא אחרת כשתמות היא. ‏ He then tries 2 approaches to make the ...


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The Vilna Gaon in Aderes Eliyahu at the beginning of Parshas Bereishis says b'riah is חידוש העצם, the creation of the "essence" of the object, yetzira is צורת הדבר בכמות, giving its dimensions or shape, and assiya is תיקון עשייתו, the set-up or preparation of its ongoing existence (the Gaon uses תקון to mean this in several contexts).


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The Ri ibn Shuaib explains in a d'rasha on B'reishis that בריאה refers to creation ex nihilo, יצירה refers to creating a basic form, and עשייה refers to completing and arranging a thing in its final state: ומלת בריאה, פירשו בו ז"ל, הוצאת יש מאין. ויצירה, ציור הדבר. והעשיה גמר הדבר ותיקונו. R' Aryeh Kaplan provides a similar explanation in his Sefer ...


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Eden refers to pleasure as the Path of the Just writes: "Our Sages of blessed memory have taught us that man was created for the sole purpose of rejoicing in God and deriving pleasure from the splendor of His Presence; for this is true joy and the greatest of pleasures (Edens) that can be found"


2

R. Aryeh Kaplan's commentary on the verse (2:8), from The Living Torah, states that Eden means "Delight in Hebrew." The Meam Lo'ez (which Kaplan helped translate from the Ladino) explains that "the Torah informs us that God planted a delightful place in the east." The latest edition of the Encyclopedia Judaica essentially states this as well. It discusses ...


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Avos d'rabbi Nassan (ch. 11) quotes R. Shimon Ben Elazar who is pretty explicit that this refers to physical labor; cited by Meiri to Avos (ch. 1). This is also the implication of Recanti (13th century kabbalist). Sifrei (Eikev 41) writes that it refers to service of God Specifically, "to work it" refers to [Torah] study, and "to guard it" refers to ...


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From The SWORD Project for 01961: hayah haw-yaw; a primitive root (compare 1933); to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary):--beacon, X altogether, be(-come), accomplished, committed, like), break, cause, come (to pass), do, faint, fall, + follow, happen, X have, last, pertain, quit ...


2

As I understand it the root is היה the meaning being 'to be' or 'to exist' and this is the command of GOD 'Let there be' (light). An example of the verb in use is found in Genesis 3:1: וְהַנָּחָשׁ הָיָה עָרוּם מִכֹּל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה and the serpent was (i.e. 'he was' 3rd masculine singular of the root הָיָה)more crafty than any (all) the beast of the field ...


2

I do not see any difference in meaning between לְמִינוֹ and לְמִינֵהוּ, but the choice of usage between the two may have significance. The word לְמִינֵהוּ closely resembles the hypothetical way of expressing "to its kind" or "to its species" in Proto-Semitic (P.S.). Here, the Tsere vowel underneath the nun indicates that the word מִין ("species", "kind") ...


3

The idea that he had a first wife is mentioned in the Bereishis Rabba three times. 17:7, 18:4, and 22:7. It is also mentioned in the Rokeach on the Torah 1:27. In the footnotes there Reb Chaim Kanievsky says this idea is also mentioned in the Alef Beis of Ben Sira, but doesn't give any details. The name Lilith was not mentioned. I don't think the idea of ...


4

I heard an explanation, which was attributed to R' Moshe Shapiro, that basically said the following (sorry I don't have his sources, I heard it second-hand): Adam was given a supremely spiritual and holy state of being, to the point that the angels wanted to praise him. Yet G-d told him to do a very small task - don't eat from this tree, for a few hours. ...


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The way the Yaavetz explains the Avos Drav Nosson, Adam made a safeguard for God's commandment. God said don't eat from the tree of knowledge, and Adam made a safeguard and told Chava not to touch the tree as well. However, he never told her that this was his addition so the plan backfired. The snake pushed Chava onto the tree and said you didn't die from ...



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