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13

I would think it's simply this: The first few items - "your sons, daughters, servants, maidservants, and animals" - are all under your direct control. It is your personal responsibility to make sure that they rest and don't work on Shabbos. The convert, on the other hand, doesn't belong to you. You should teach him what to do and what not to do, but you ...


13

The word is sin'af, תִנְאָף. Rashi and Rosh say it refers to sexual relations with a married woman not one's wife. Chizkuni says it refers to any prohibited sexual relations, and, if I understand him correctly, ibn Ezra says the same. S'forno says it refers primarily to the former but also to the latter. (All these sources are in their commentaries on this ...


11

I've heard from Rabbi Shalom Carmy that the reference to Beitzah is actually a printer's error and Rashi got this from this Mechilta D'Rabbi Yishmael, where it remains undisputed.


9

The Hebrew word here is ne'ifa, and it doesn't occur all that often. The standard interpretation means "intercourse between a married woman and a man not her husband." The Talmud observes that just like commandment #6, #7 can warrant the death penalty in theory. The word is not zonah, which means "stray." That word can either mean prostitution, or a ...


8

Alshich explains that Yisro was worried: Perhaps Moshe would not be interested in a Midyanite woman and would rather marry a Jewess. He therefore emphasized that he brought "her two sons" with him (and not "his two sons"), since a man comes to like his wife because of the children she bears him, and this would persuade Moshe to remarry Tziporah. (See also ...


7

A possible reason why we do not name children Yisro. Perhaps the reason we do not name Yisro is due to the fact that Yisro decides to return to Midian and ignores Moshe’s plea to remain with the Jewish people and help guide them into the Land of Israel. http://www.torah.org/learning/rabbiwein/5767/yisro.html


7

In one of his talks, the Lubavitcher Rebbe zt"l explains: The Splitting of the Sea was the first intimation that the physical and the spiritual could combine (which ultimately became a reality a few weeks later, at the Giving of the Torah), since "the sea" represents the spiritual worlds that are hidden from our ken (like the depths of the ocean), while ...


6

The Gur Aryeh says that all the other miracles Yisro saw were localized, but these miracles affected the whole world. Rashi (Shemot 14:21) previously stated that all the water in the world split when the sea split. Rashi (Shemot 17:12) also says that during the war with Amalek, Moshe stopped the sun from setting. When Yisro saw that all the water split, ...


6

The Gur Aryeh on the verse says that Beit Hillel says that if you get something and you need it today, you don't have to wait until Shabbat, since you trust in G-d that He will provide for Shabbat. Rashi here, the Gur Aryeh continues, is saying that even according to Beit Hillel, if you happen to come across it, but don't need it, wait until Shabbat to use ...


5

Due to the fact that Rus came from him, who is the for-bearer of Dovid HaMelech and Mashiach. (Source, source.) Balak realized that everything is controlled by Hashem. (Source.)


4

Rashi states in Devarim Chapter 1, Verse 15: אנשים חכמים וידועים: אבל נבונים לא מצאתי. זו אחת משבע מדות שאמר יתרו למשה ולא מצא אלא שלש, אנשים צדיקים, חכמים וידועים: According to Rashi, it would seem that Moshe was only able to find men with some of the traits and not all of them. Yisro was identifying the ideal candidate. However, as we know in life, ...


4

Another answer is provided by the Zera Yackov The Gemara in Yevamous says: רעה תבא למקבלי גרים The Tosfos Ri says on this That we send him away or accept him Right away but if he keeps asking we accept him as we see that Avraham Yitzchok and Yackov did not accept Timna when she came to convert so she went and became a concubine for Elifaz the son of Eisav ...


4

Per Rashi he converted. According to the Even Ezra he converted after Matan Torah. The Ramban and Abarbanel say prior to Matan Torah. The Ramban says that he returned home afterwards to convert his family.


4

Nimukei Rashi (who spends several pages discussing this) understands that it was clear to Rashi already from the sequence of events as they are related in Sefer Devarim that this episode of Yisro's advice happened right after Moshe descended from Har Sinai (which is what "ויהי ממחרת" is referring to). However, it is not entirely clear which descending this ...


4

I know a kid named Jethro - he was adopted and converted.


4

Rabbi Chaim Berlin says that by a non Jew the value of a court case is dependent on the value of the claim, however by a Jew there is no difference in the value of the claim "Din Peruta Kedin Meyah". Yisro suggested that Moshe should take care of the big cases - literally the cases that involve large sums. Moshe took care of the difficult cases - which was ...


4

I upvoted Baal Shemot Tovot's answer: I've heard from Rabbi Shalom Carmy that the reference to Beitzah is actually a printer's error and Rashi got this from this Mechilta D'Rabbi Yishmael, where it remains undisputed. Michoel, in the comments to that post has a strong question: I am not sure how this answers the question. At the end of the day ...


3

The sefer Dor Revi'i answers that unscrupulous scholars are able to twist the Torah in any direction they choose, using the Torah against itself. Such as the Jewish king Menashe who was able to purify the Sheretz with 150 reasons. This was the reason the nations rejected it. They claimed that once the Torah was in their hands, they would find ample room to ...


3

Perhaps the Medrash is just indicating the particular issue the group of people would be challenged by. It is demonstrating the types of things that prevent people from adopting the Torah. Highlighting it, if you will.


3

The Bais HaLevi answers based on the Gemara in Gitin 55: that a lady may not really be agreeable to a Kinyan yet do it in order to please her husband, therefore by Kinyonim it is proper to first have the lady agree and then the husband. The same thing happened by Matan Torah, Hashem had the ladies accept first.


3

Ramban: Yisro heard about the wonders that H' did for Moishe personally, ie the H' dealt kindly and beneficently with him in that he always came to Pharaoh with his demands without fearing him, and that he brought the plagues on Pharoah without retribution


3

This where the Medrash Learns that Moshe alone was equal to all of Klal Yisroel .


3

The Even Ezra says that the qualification of Anshei Chayil is the only one that can be verified. The other qualifications can be faked.


3

The Mishnah Brurah (250:2) quotes many poskim who say that even Hilel agrees that for a normal person it is better to do it according to Shamai's way, but Hilel himself did it his own way in order to strengthen his trust in G-d, but for an ordinary person he agrees he shouldn't do it.


3

When we speak of 'ability', we mean one of two things: [A] the literal (“you can't eat Deadly Nightshade”), and [B] the figurative (“you can't eat here without membership”). Going through Chumash (Search keyword in Bar-Ilan: “+לא +וכל+”) it appears that Onkelos is meticulous in differentiating between instances where the behavior in question is truly ...


3

A similar question is also discussed in the context of the night time kiddush where many people have the custom to begin with the word "yom hashishi", which is also the last two words of a pasuk, without quoting the entire pasuk. The Chosam Sofer (Orach Chayim 10, 4th paragraph here) discussed this particular example, mentioning that some forbid this ...


2

Reb Shloime of Vilna gives a different answer. He says that a convert can not be a Judge. Therefore all the people Moshe could Hire as Judges where born Jews that got out of Mitzrayim and hence righteous so the Prefab had all the other qualifications just אַנְשֵׁי חַיִל which Rashi says means Rich so they would not need others money. Yisro did not know this ...


2

The Nataeh Eisan answers based on the Medrash that says that the Maan fell for Tzaddikim and the sick at their doors. An the non righteous had to go collect from afar. The sickly also received it at their door. so all Moshe had to do was check if he was an Ish Chayil meaning was he Healthy and the rest was observable based on where the maan fell so really ...


2

The SMAG answers we need both because they came to believe the first time when it says: ויאמינו בה' ובמשה עבדו That was because of Miracles they witnessed and that is not a good way to establish a true belief as people can be fooled.But the Posuk Here: הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי בָּא אֵלֶיךָ בְּעַב הֶעָנָן בַּעֲבוּר יִשְׁמַע הָעָם בְּדַבְּרִי עִמָּךְ וְגַם־בְּךָ ...


2

In Medrash Shemos Rabbah it says that since when the world was created Hashem told Adam not to eat from the Eitz HaDaas and Chava convinced Adam to eat from it, therfore over here Hashem told the women first in order that they should not convince their husbands otherwise.



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